Mallissa Parks

Mallissa Parks

Published: 14 Sep 2023


The Qila Mubarak Complex is a fascinating historical landmark that holds a significant place in India’s rich cultural heritage. Located in the city of Patiala, Punjab, this magnificent complex is known for its architectural brilliance and historical importance. From its origins as a medieval fortress to its transformation into a sprawling palace, the Qila Mubarak Complex has witnessed centuries of history unfold within its walls.

In this article, we will delve into 20 astonishing facts about the Qila Mubarak Complex that will leave you in awe of its grandeur and historical value. From its architectural features to the legends and stories associated with it, we will explore the many wonders hidden within the walls of this remarkable landmark.

Table of Contents

A Living Heritage Site

The Qila Mubarak Complex is recognized as a Living Heritage Site by the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH).

Over 1,400 Years Old

Believed to have been established in the 4th century, Qila Mubarak Complex has stood the test of time for over 1,400 years.

The Fort’s Intricate Architecture

The complex showcases various architectural styles, including Mughal, Rajput, and Sikh influences, making it a unique blend of different design elements.

Home to the Oldest Fort in Punjab

The Qila Mubarak Complex houses the oldest fort in Punjab, which has witnessed numerous historical events and has been witness to the rise and fall of several empires.

The Palace of Razia Sultan

The complex is known for its palace, which served as the residence of Razia Sultan, the first female ruler of Delhi. It stands as a testament to the significant role played by women in history.

Legends of Treasure Hiding

Legend has it that the walls of Qila Mubarak Complex hold hidden treasures, and many have tried to unearth them. However, the mysteries remain unsolved.

Site of Ancient Hindu Temples

Before the construction of the fort, the site where Qila Mubarak Complex stands today was home to several ancient Hindu temples, adding to its historic significance.

A Prominent Witness to Battles

The fort has witnessed many battles fought during different eras, including the invasions by Mahmud of Ghazni and the Mughal Emperor Babur.

Stunning Sheesh Mahal

One of the key attractions within Qila Mubarak Complex is the Sheesh Mahal, characterized by its intricate mirror work, reflecting the grandeur of the past.

A Hub of Cultural Activities

The Qila Mubarak Complex hosts various cultural activities, including music and dance performances, preserving and promoting traditional art forms of the region.

The Royal Quarters

Within the complex, you can explore the royal quarters, which consist of beautifully decorated rooms and chambers that once served as the residence of the royal family.

Mystical Underground Tunnels

There are underground tunnels in the fort that were believed to be used for strategic purposes during battles, adding an element of mystery to the complex.

A Rich Repository of Artifacts

Qila Mubarak Complex boasts a rich collection of artifacts, including weapons, antique furniture, manuscripts, and exquisite artwork, giving a glimpse into its glorious past.

The Historic Darbar Hall

The complex features a magnificent Darbar Hall, where the rulers held court and conducted official functions, showcasing the grandeur and opulence of the bygone era.

A Symbol of Sikh History

Qila Mubarak Complex holds great significance in Sikh history, as it was here that Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru, received the sacred Adi Granth (now known as Sri Guru Granth Sahib).

The Serene Gurudwara inside the Complex

Within the premises of Qila Mubarak Complex, there is a serene Gurudwara where devotees come to offer their prayers and seek blessings.

An Architectural Marvel: Lakhi Burj

Lakhi Burj, a prominent tower within the complex, showcases exquisite architectural detailing and offers a panoramic view of the surrounding area.

The Magnificent Quila Mubarak Mosque

The Quila Mubarak Mosque, located within the complex, is an architectural masterpiece, exhibiting intricate carvings and Islamic motifs.

The Mysterious Tunnel Network

The fort is rumored to have an extensive network of underground tunnels, which were used as secret escape routes during times of war.

A Must-Visit Tourist Destination

With its fascinating history, stunning architecture, and cultural significance, Qila Mubarak Complex is a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and those seeking to immerse themselves in the grandeur of the past.

So, if you’re looking for an extraordinary journey into the realms of history, make sure to explore the 20 astonishing facts about Qila Mubarak Complex while experiencing its captivating charm yourself.


In conclusion, the Qila Mubarak Complex is a truly astonishing landmark that holds immense historical and cultural significance. With its rich architectural heritage, fascinating legends, and captivating stories, it continues to attract visitors from all over the world. From the impressive Sheesh Mahal to the serene Quila Androon, every part of the complex is a testament to the opulence and grandeur of the past.Exploring the Qila Mubarak Complex is like stepping back in time and immersing yourself in the glorious era of the Maharajas. Its historical importance, combined with its architectural beauty and cultural charm, make it a must-visit destination for history buffs and architecture enthusiasts alike.So, if you’re planning a trip to Punjab, don’t miss the chance to visit the Qila Mubarak Complex. Prepare to be amazed by its stunning architecture, soak in the stories of the past, and experience the grandeur of a bygone era.


1. What is the Qila Mubarak Complex?

The Qila Mubarak Complex is a historical fort located in Patiala, Punjab, India. It is known for its magnificent architecture and rich cultural heritage.

2. What are the main attractions in the Qila Mubarak Complex?

The main attractions within the complex include the Sheesh Mahal, Quila Androon, Rang Mahal, Qila Mubarak Museum, and the Moti Bagh Palace.

3. How old is the Qila Mubarak Complex?

The Qila Mubarak Complex dates back to the 18th century and has been a witness to many historical events and rulers over the years.

4. Can visitors explore the interior of the Quila Androon?

Yes, visitors can explore the interior of the Quila Androon, which houses exquisite artwork, including frescoes, mirror work, and intricate carvings.

5. What are some legends associated with the Qila Mubarak Complex?

One popular legend is that the complex was built in a day by the blessing of a holy man. Another legend tells the tale of a buried treasure within the fort’s walls.

6. Are there any guided tours available at the Qila Mubarak Complex?

Yes, there are guided tours available at the complex, which provide in-depth insights into its history, architecture, and significance.

7. Is photography allowed within the Qila Mubarak Complex?

Photography is generally allowed within the complex, but it is advisable to check with the authorities beforehand for any specific restrictions.

8. Are there any nearby attractions to visit along with the Qila Mubarak Complex?

Yes, visitors can explore other attractions in Patiala, such as the Baradari Gardens, Gurdwara Dukh Niwaran Sahib, and the National Institute of Sports.