Noel Crowell

Noel Crowell

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Lucknow, the capital city of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, is a city steeped in history, culture, and diversity. Known as the “City of Nawabs,” Lucknow has a rich heritage that blends the elegance of Mughal architecture with the grandeur of Awadhi culture. It is famous for its sumptuous cuisine, exquisite craftsmanship, and the warm hospitality of its people.

In this article, we will explore 35 fascinating facts about Lucknow that will give you a glimpse into the soul of this vibrant city. From its iconic landmarks and historical monuments to its literary and artistic traditions, there is much to discover about Lucknow. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready for a captivating journey through the rich tapestry of Lucknow’s history, heritage, and charm.

Table of Contents

The city of Nawabs

Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, is famously known as the “City of Nawabs” due to its rich historical and cultural heritage.

Kathak Dance

Lucknow is known for its contribution to the art of Kathak dance, a classical dance form that originated in the region during the Mughal era.

Architectural Splendors

Lucknow is home to numerous architectural marvels like the Bara Imambara, Chota Imambara, and Rumi Darwaza, showcasing the city’s grandeur and rich architectural heritage.

The City of Gardens

Lucknow is renowned for its beautiful gardens, including the iconic Hazratganj Garden, Aminabad Garden, and Ambedkar Memorial Park, providing serene and picturesque retreats for residents and visitors.

Tunday Kababi

Tunday Kababi, a famous eatery in Lucknow, is known for its delectable galouti kebabs, which are a must-try for food enthusiasts visiting the city.

Literature Hub

Lucknow has been a significant center for Urdu literature and poetry, being the birthplace of renowned poets like Mir Taqi Mir and Josh Malihabadi.

The Residency

The Residency in Lucknow is a historical complex that witnessed the famous Siege of Lucknow during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, adding to the city’s historical significance.

Art and Crafts

Lucknow is famous for its intricate embroidery work, known as Chikankari, which is widely appreciated for its delicate beauty and craftsmanship.

Lakhnavi Cuisine

Lucknow is known for its rich and flavorful cuisine, with dishes like Lucknowi biryani, kebabs, and sheermal being popular staples that reflect the city’s culinary heritage.

Gomti River

The Gomti River flows through the heart of Lucknow, providing a beautiful waterfront for recreation and adding to the city’s natural charm.

British Influence

Lucknow bears traces of British influence in its architecture, with buildings like the La Martiniere College and the Lucknow University showcasing a blend of British and Indian architectural styles.

The British Residency

The British Residency in Lucknow served as the residence of the British Resident General during the colonial era and is now a popular historical site.

Tehzeeb (Culture)

Lucknow is known for its tehzeeb, a term used to describe the city’s refined culture, etiquettes, and hospitality.

Rumi Darwaza

The Rumi Darwaza is a magnificent gateway in Lucknow that was inspired by the ancient architecture of Constantinople (now Istanbul), adding to the city’s architectural splendor.

Lucknow Mahotsav

The Lucknow Mahotsav is an annual cultural festival that showcases the city’s vibrant heritage through various cultural performances, crafts exhibitions, and food stalls.

Chhota Imambara

The Chhota Imambara, also known as the Hussainabad Imambara, is a stunning monument in Lucknow that serves as a mausoleum for the Nawabs of Awadh.

Warm Hospitality

Lucknow is renowned for its warm hospitality, and the people of the city are known for their courteous and welcoming nature.

Education Hub

Lucknow is home to several prestigious educational institutions, including the renowned Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Lucknow and Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University.

Music and Dance Festivals

Lucknow hosts various music and dance festivals throughout the year, such as the Lucknow Mahotsav, which celebrate the city’s cultural diversity and artistic talent.

State Emblem

The Lucknow emblem features the iconic Roomi Darwaza and Bara Imambara, symbolizing the city’s historic importance and architectural legacy.

Basketry Craft

Lucknow is known for its intricate basketry craft, made using natural fibers and dyes, which showcases the artistic skills of the local artisans.

Historical Museums

Lucknow houses several museums, such as the Lucknow Museum and the State Museum, which display a wide range of artifacts and artworks that depict the city’s history and heritage.

Philatelic Heritage

Lucknow boasts a rich philatelic heritage, with the Postal Museum showcasing an impressive collection of stamps and postal artifacts that reflect the city’s postal history.

Festivals Galore

Lucknow celebrates various festivals with great enthusiasm, including Id-ul-Fitr, Diwali, and Holi, bringing the city to life with vibrant colors, delicious food, and joyous celebrations.

Historical Gardens

Lucknow is dotted with beautiful gardens that have historical significance, such as Dilkusha Garden, Sikandar Bagh, and Qaiserbagh Complex, offering tranquility amidst the bustling city.

Resilience and Heritage

Lucknow has witnessed numerous historical events and has managed to preserve its cultural heritage despite the changes and challenges over the centuries.

Luv and Kush

According to Hindu mythology, Lucknow is believed to be the birthplace of Lord Rama’s twin sons, Luv and Kush, adding to its mythological significance.

Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb

Lucknow is known for its Ganga-Jamuni Tehzeeb, which refers to the harmonious coexistence of Hindu and Muslim cultures, traditions, and festivals in the city.

Nawabi Attire

The traditional Nawabi attire, consisting of intricate embroidery, exquisite fabrics, and regal designs, still holds influence in the sartorial choices of Lucknow’s residents.

The Great Awadh Culture

Lucknow was once the capital of Awadh, a princely state known for its grandeur, refinement, and patronage of art, which has significantly influenced the city’s cultural fabric.

Dialect and Language

Lucknow has its own dialect, known as the Lucknowi dialect, characterized by its poetic and gracious manner of speaking, which adds to the city’s linguistic charm.

Charbagh Railway Station

The Charbagh Railway Station in Lucknow is a magnificent architectural marvel, designed in the style of Mughal and Awadhi architecture, leaving visitors in awe of its beauty.

Historical Markets

Lucknow’s bustling markets, such as Aminabad and Hazratganj, have a rich historical significance and offer a wide range of traditional handicrafts, clothing, and jewelry.

Dance and Music Heritage

Lucknow is renowned for its classical dance forms like Kathak and its contribution to the world of Hindustani classical music, producing legendary musicians and performers.

Ode to Awadh

The city of Lucknow stands as an ode to the magnificent Awadh era, preserving its rich cultural heritage, architectural wonders, and legendary tales of valor and grandeur.


In conclusion, Lucknow is a city with a rich history, cultural heritage, and vibrant lifestyle. From its iconic monuments and beautiful gardens to its mouthwatering delicacies and warm hospitality, Lucknow has something to offer to every visitor. Its blend of ancient charm and modern development make it a unique destination in India.Whether you are interested in exploring the magnificent Nawabi architecture, immersing yourself in the local culture, or indulging in the famous Awadhi cuisine, Lucknow will not disappoint you. The city’s diverse attractions and experiences make it a must-visit place for history buffs, food lovers, and travel enthusiasts.So, plan your trip to Lucknow and get ready to be enchanted by its beauty, captivated by its history, and mesmerized by its cultural richness. Explore this amazing city and create memories that will last a lifetime.


1. What is the best time to visit Lucknow?

The best time to visit Lucknow is during the winter season, from October to February, when the weather is pleasant and ideal for sightseeing.

2. What are some must-visit attractions in Lucknow?

Some must-visit attractions in Lucknow include Bara Imambara, Chota Imambara, Rumi Darwaza, British Residency, and Hazratganj.

3. What is Lucknow famous for?

Lucknow is famous for its rich history, Nawabi architecture, mouthwatering Awadhi cuisine, Chikankari embroidery, and traditional dance forms like Kathak.

4. How can I experience the local cuisine in Lucknow?

To experience the mouthwatering Awadhi cuisine, you can visit famous local eateries and try delicacies like kebabs, biryani, nihari, and kulfi.

5. Is it safe to travel to Lucknow?

Lucknow is generally a safe city to travel to. However, it is always advisable to take common safety precautions like avoiding isolated areas at night and keeping an eye on your belongings.

6. Are there any shopping areas in Lucknow?

Yes, Lucknow is known for its vibrant markets like Hazratganj, Aminabad, and Chowk, where you can shop for Chikankari garments, jewelry, handicrafts, and traditional artifacts.