Camilla Rodman

Camilla Rodman

Published: 13 Sep 2023


Ayutthaya, the ancient city located in Thailand, is renowned for its rich history and stunning architecture. With its roots dating back to the 14th century, Ayutthaya was once the thriving capital of the Kingdom of Siam and an influential center of trade and culture in Southeast Asia.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Ayutthaya and uncover 19 astounding facts that make this city a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and travelers alike. From its magnificent temples and towering statues to its strategic location along the Chao Phraya River, Ayutthaya offers a captivating glimpse into Thailand’s past and its enduring cultural heritage.

Table of Contents

Ayutthaya was the capital of the Kingdom of Siam for over 400 years.

Nestled on the Chao Phraya River in what is now modern-day Thailand, Ayutthaya served as the capital of the Kingdom of Siam from 1351 until its downfall in 1767.

It was one of the largest and wealthiest cities in the world at its peak.

The prosperity of Ayutthaya was legendary, attracting traders and settlers from all over the globe. Its grandeur was reflected in its impressive temples, palaces, and bustling markets.

Ayutthaya was a major center of international trade.

The city’s strategic location allowed it to become a hub for trade between Europe, China, India, and other neighboring countries. Merchants exchanged goods such as spices, silk, porcelain, and precious metals.

The city was known for its architectural marvels.

Ayutthaya boasted numerous breathtaking temples and palaces, showcasing a unique blend of Khmer, Sukhothai, and Ayutthayan architectural styles. The most famous among them is Wat Mahathat, known for its iconic Buddha head entwined in tree roots.

Ayutthaya was a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In recognition of its historical and cultural significance, Ayutthaya was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Visitors can explore the ruins of the ancient city and marvel at its rich heritage.

It fell victim to a devastating invasion.

In 1767, Ayutthaya was brutally attacked and destroyed by the Burmese army, resulting in the decline of the kingdom. The city was left in ruins for centuries until its excavation and restoration efforts in the 20th century.

Ayutthaya is home to the largest reclining Buddha in Thailand.

Wat Lokaya Sutha houses a massive 42-meter-long reclining Buddha statue, one of the most revered and iconic Buddhist landmarks in Thailand.

The city has a unique historical park.

Ayutthaya Historical Park encompasses the ruins of temples, palaces, and statues, offering visitors a chance to step back in time and witness the grandeur of the ancient city.

Elephants played a significant role in Ayutthaya’s history.

Ayutthaya was renowned for its majestic war elephants, which were used in battles and royal processions. These magnificent creatures symbolized power and strength.

Ayutthaya has been featured in various films and television series.

The enchanting beauty and rich history of Ayutthaya have served as a backdrop for several movies and TV shows, including “Anna and the King” and “The Legend of Suriyothai.”

The city was known for its cultural diversity.

Ayutthaya was a melting pot of different cultures, with Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch, and Japanese communities residing within its walls. This diverse mix of people contributed to the city’s vibrant atmosphere and cultural heritage.

Ayutthaya is famous for its traditional Thai cuisine.

Visitors to Ayutthaya can savor delicious local dishes such as boat noodles, khao tang na tang (crispy rice with pork), and traditional Thai desserts like kanom krok (coconut rice pancakes).

The city is surrounded by beautiful waterways.

Ayutthaya is surrounded by the Chao Phraya, Pasak, and Lopburi Rivers, adding to its scenic charm. Boat tours along these waterways offer a unique perspective on the city’s historical sites.

Ayutthaya hosts an annual festival to commemorate its glory days.

The Ayutthaya World Heritage Fair is held every year to celebrate the city’s rich heritage and showcase traditional performances, exhibitions, and cultural activities.

The famous Ayutthaya Floating Market is a must-visit attraction.

The floating market offers a glimpse into Thailand’s vibrant market culture, with an array of food stalls, handicrafts, and souvenirs being sold from boats along the canal.

Ayutthaya is a haven for history buffs.

With its plethora of historical sites, museums, and ancient ruins, Ayutthaya provides a treasure trove of knowledge for those interested in delving into Thailand’s past.

The city has witnessed a resurgence in recent years.

Ayutthaya has experienced a revival, attracting tourists from around the world who come to explore its rich history, experience its cultural heritage, and appreciate its architectural wonders.

Ayutthaya offers a serene and picturesque getaway.

Escape the bustling city life and immerse yourself in the peaceful ambiance of Ayutthaya, where the beauty of its ancient ruins and scenic surroundings provide a tranquil retreat.

Visiting Ayutthaya is a journey through time.

Stepping foot in Ayutthaya transports you back centuries, allowing you to witness the grandeur of an ancient kingdom and the remnants of its glorious past.


Ayutthaya, also known as the Ancient City of Ayutthaya, is a breathtaking destination that offers a fascinating glimpse into Thailand’s rich history and cultural heritage. From its magnificent temples to its intricate ruins, every corner of Ayutthaya tells a story of the city’s glorious past.

As you explore this enchanting UNESCO World Heritage Site, you’ll be captivated by the remnants of the once-thriving kingdom that stood here centuries ago. Ayutthaya’s architectural wonders, such as the iconic Wat Mahathat and the impressive Wat Chaiwatthanaram, showcase the grandeur and artistic brilliance of the Ayutthaya period.

Whether you’re a history buff, an architecture enthusiast, or simply a traveler seeking to immerse yourself in a unique cultural experience, Ayutthaya is a destination that should not be missed. Discover the wonders of this ancient city and create memories that will last a lifetime.


Q: When was Ayutthaya founded?

A: Ayutthaya was founded in 1350 by King U Thong, who established it as the capital of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya.

Q: How far is Ayutthaya from Bangkok?

A: Ayutthaya is located approximately 80 kilometers north of Bangkok, making it a convenient day trip destination from the capital city.

Q: Can I explore Ayutthaya on foot?

A: While Ayutthaya is a relatively compact city, it is best to explore it by bicycle or tuk-tuk to cover more ground and visit all the major landmarks efficiently.

Q: Are there any entrance fees to visit the temples in Ayutthaya?

A: Yes, there are entrance fees for most of the temples in Ayutthaya. The fees usually range from 50 to 100 baht per person, depending on the temple.

Q: Is it possible to take a boat tour around Ayutthaya?

A: Yes, there are boat tours available that offer a unique perspective of Ayutthaya’s heritage sites. Cruising along the Chao Phraya River and exploring the ruins from the water can be a memorable experience.

Q: Are there any accommodations in Ayutthaya?

A: Yes, Ayutthaya offers a range of accommodations, from budget guesthouses to luxury resorts. You can choose a place to stay that suits your preferences and budget.