Rose Reid

Rose Reid

Published: 19 Sep 2023


Ayutthaya, located just north of Bangkok in Thailand, is a city steeped in history and adorned with magnificent ancient ruins. Its rich cultural heritage and architectural marvels have made it a UNESCO World Heritage Site, attracting visitors from all over the world. The city was once the thriving capital of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, which existed from 1350 to 1767. During its heyday, Ayutthaya was a powerful political, economic, and cultural center in Southeast Asia.

In this article, we will delve into 14 fascinating facts about the historic city of Ayutthaya. From the majestic temples and palaces to its strategic location and important trade routes, Ayutthaya has a story to tell at every turn. So, buckle up and prepare to be captivated by the incredible tales that surround this enchanting city.

Table of Contents

The Ancient Capital of Thailand

Ayutthaya, located just north of Bangkok, is a city steeped in history and culture. Once the capital of the Kingdom of Siam, Ayutthaya boasts a rich heritage that continues to captivate visitors from all over the world.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site

Ayutthaya’s historical significance has earned it a spot on the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage list. With its ancient ruins, majestic temples, and intriguing archaeological sites, it is no wonder that Ayutthaya is considered a treasure trove of Thai history.

The City of Temples

Ayutthaya is home to over 400 temples, making it a haven for religious and spiritual exploration. The magnificent Wat Mahathat, with its famous Buddha head entwined in the roots of a Bodhi tree, is just one of the many awe-inspiring temples that can be found here.

A Melting Pot of Cultures

As a former capital and major trading hub, Ayutthaya attracted merchants and traders from around the world. This cultural exchange has left an indelible mark on the city, evident in its diverse architectural styles and vibrant local traditions.

The Rise and Fall of Ayutthaya

Founded in 1350, Ayutthaya flourished for centuries, becoming a powerful kingdom and a center of international trade. However, the city met its tragic demise in 1767 when it was invaded and destroyed by Burmese forces.

A City of Ruins

The remnants of Ayutthaya’s glorious past can still be seen today. The ancient ruins and crumbling temples serve as a haunting reminder of the city’s former grandeur, offering visitors a glimpse into its storied history.

A Boon for Archaeological Enthusiasts

Ayutthaya’s archaeological sites have provided archaeologists with invaluable insights into the city’s past. Excavations and ongoing research continue to uncover fascinating artifacts and shed light on the ancient civilization that once thrived here.

Breathtaking Wat Chaiwatthanaram

One of Ayutthaya’s most iconic landmarks, Wat Chaiwatthanaram is renowned for its stunning architecture. As the temple is illuminated at dusk, it creates a magical atmosphere that leaves visitors in awe.

Ayutthaya Elephant Village

Experience a unique adventure by visiting the Ayutthaya Elephant Village. Here, you can learn about the importance of these gentle giants in Thai culture, observe their daily routines, and even interact with them in a responsible and ethical manner.

An Island City

Ayutthaya is situated on an island, surrounded by three rivers. The Chao Phraya, Pa Sak, and Lopburi rivers not only provided natural fortification for the city but also served as vital transportation routes during its golden age.

Ancient Warfare at Ayutthaya Historical Park

Explore the Ayutthaya Historical Park, where you can witness life-sized replicas of ancient war elephants and gain a deeper understanding of the military strategies employed during the city’s tumultuous history.

A Photographer’s Paradise

Ayutthaya offers breathtaking views at every turn, making it a paradise for photographers. From the majestic temples, intricate statues, and serene riverside landscapes, there is always a picture-perfect moment waiting to be captured.

A Rich Culinary Heritage

Ayutthaya not only offers a feast for the eyes but also tantalizes the taste buds. Sample the local delicacies, including Ayutthaya-style boat noodles, succulent river prawns, and the iconic roti sai mai (cotton candy-filled roti).

Traditional Thai Festivals

Ayutthaya is known for its vibrant celebration of traditional Thai festivals. Witness the spectacle of the annual Bang Sai Loi Krathong Festival, where the river is illuminated by candlelit floats, or immerse yourself in the colorful Songkran festivities, marking the Thai New Year.

These are just 14 captivating facts about the historic city of Ayutthaya. With its rich heritage, awe-inspiring architecture, and fascinating historical sites, it is a destination that should not be missed by any traveler seeking a glimpse into Thailand’s majestic past.


The historic city of Ayutthaya is a captivating destination that offers a glimpse into Thailand’s rich cultural heritage. With its awe-inspiring temples, ancient ruins, and intriguing history, it is no wonder that Ayutthaya draws thousands of visitors each year.

Whether you are a history enthusiast, a cultural explorer, or simply someone looking for a unique travel experience, Ayutthaya has something to offer. From exploring the iconic Wat Mahathat to taking a leisurely boat ride along the Chao Phraya River, there are plenty of activities to keep you engaged and entertained.

As you wander through the city, you’ll find yourself immersed in a world of ancient wonders, surrounded by the remnants of a bygone era. The intricate architecture, ornate sculptures, and serene atmosphere create an unforgettable experience that will leave you in awe.

Ayutthaya is not just a place to visit; it’s a place to uncover the secrets of Thailand’s past and get a deeper understanding of its cultural roots. So, if you’re planning a trip to Thailand, don’t miss the opportunity to explore the captivating historic city of Ayutthaya.


1. What is the history of Ayutthaya?

Ayutthaya was the capital of the Kingdom of Siam from 1350 to 1767. It thrived as a significant trading port and was one of the wealthiest and most cosmopolitan cities in Southeast Asia. However, it was eventually destroyed by the Burmese army in 1767, leaving behind a fascinating historical legacy.

2. How do I get to Ayutthaya?

Ayutthaya is located about 80 kilometers north of Bangkok, making it easily accessible by train, bus, or boat. The most convenient way to reach Ayutthaya from Bangkok is by train, which takes around one to two hours depending on the type of train you choose.

3. What are the must-visit temples in Ayutthaya?

Some of the must-visit temples in Ayutthaya include Wat Mahathat, famous for its iconic Buddha head entwined in tree roots, Wat Phra Si Sanphet, known for its three towering chedis, and Wat Chaiwatthanaram, renowned for its stunning Khmer-style architecture.

4. Is it possible to explore Ayutthaya in a day?

Yes, it is possible to explore the main highlights of Ayutthaya in a day. However, to fully immerse yourself in the city’s rich history and take your time to explore, it is recommended to spend at least a couple of days in Ayutthaya.

5. Are there any accommodations available in Ayutthaya?

Ayutthaya offers a range of accommodations, including luxurious hotels, budget guesthouses, and riverside resorts. Whether you’re looking for a cozy boutique stay or a comfortable mid-range option, there are plenty of choices to suit every traveler’s preference and budget.