Corrinne Coffey

Corrinne Coffey

Published: 03 Oct 2023


Mount Makalu, standing tall at a breathtaking elevation of 8,485 meters (27,838 feet), is one of the most enigmatic peaks in the world. Located in the Mahalangur Himalayas of Nepal, it is the fifth highest mountain on the planet and has captivated the hearts and minds of mountaineers, adventurers, and nature enthusiasts alike.

But beneath its majestic and awe-inspiring beauty, Mount Makalu holds a treasure trove of fascinating facts and mysteries waiting to be unraveled. From its challenging climbing routes to its diverse flora and fauna, there is so much to discover about this iconic landmark.

In this article, we delve into the depths of these enigmatic facts about Mount Makalu, shedding light on its unique features and intriguing mythology. So, fasten your seatbelts and get ready to embark on an adventure that will take you to the stunning heights of Mount Makalu.

Table of Contents

The fifth highest mountain in the world

Standing tall at an impressive elevation of 8,485 meters (27,838 feet), Mount Makalu proudly holds the title of the fifth highest mountain on the planet. Its soaring presence commands attention and presents a formidable challenge for mountaineers.

An iconic pyramid-shaped peak

Mount Makalu’s distinctive shape sets it apart from other mountains in the region. Its elegant pyramid-like structure captures the imagination and offers a stunning sight for those fortunate enough to witness it.

First climbed in 1955

In 1955, a French expedition led by Jean Franco successfully reached the summit of Mount Makalu for the first time. This historic achievement added to the allure and mystique of the mountain.

A challenging climb

With its steep slopes, unpredictable weather conditions, and remote location, Mount Makalu presents a daunting challenge for climbers. Only a select few have successfully conquered its formidable heights.

Home to unique flora and fauna

The region surrounding Mount Makalu is adorned with rich biodiversity. From lush forests and alpine meadows to rare Himalayan flora and elusive wildlife, this area is a sanctuary for nature lovers.

Sits within Makalu Barun National Park

Makalu Barun National Park, established in 1992, encompasses the region surrounding Mount Makalu. This protected area is renowned for its pristine natural beauty and diverse ecosystems.

A spiritual significance

For the local Sherpa and Rai communities, Mount Makalu holds deep spiritual significance. It is believed to be the abode of the deity Mahakala, who safeguards the surrounding land and its inhabitants.

Named after the Hindu god Shiva

The name Makalu is derived from the Sanskrit word “Mahakala,” which refers to the Hindu god Shiva. Shiva is often associated with mountains and is revered in Hindu mythology.

Part of the Great Himalaya Range

Mount Makalu is part of the illustrious Great Himalaya Range, which stretches across several countries, including Nepal, Bhutan, India, and Tibet. This majestic range is a testament to the awe-inspiring power of nature.

Known for its challenging weather conditions

Mount Makalu is infamous for its harsh and unpredictable weather. High winds, heavy snowfall, and extreme temperatures make it an even more formidable climb, requiring careful planning and preparation.

Offers breathtaking panoramic views

Reaching the summit of Mount Makalu rewards climbers with jaw-dropping panoramic views of the surrounding Himalayan peaks. The awe-inspiring vistas stretch as far as the eye can see, leaving a lasting imprint on the soul.

A diverse climbing experience

Climbing Mount Makalu offers a diverse range of terrains and challenges. From steep icy slopes to technical rock walls, mountaineers must possess a wide array of skills to navigate and conquer its summit.

A magnet for adventure seekers

Mount Makalu’s legendary status as a challenging and exhilarating climb attracts adventure seekers from around the world. The allure of testing one’s physical and mental limits amidst such breathtaking beauty is irresistible.

The source of major rivers

The glaciers and snowcaps of Mount Makalu are the source of several significant rivers, including the Arun River, one of the largest tributaries of the mighty Ganges. These rivers provide life-sustaining water to millions of people.

Offers trekking opportunities

Mount Makalu is not only a dream for mountaineers but also a paradise for trekkers. The Makalu Base Camp trek offers a challenging and rewarding journey through picturesque valleys, lush forests, and breathtaking landscapes.

A symbol of awe-inspiring wilderness

Mount Makalu stands as a symbol of unspoiled wilderness. Its towering presence and untouched beauty remind us of the vastness and power of nature, urging us to preserve and protect these precious landscapes for future generations.

There you have it – 16 enigmatic facts about Mount Makalu that showcase its grandeur, challenges, and cultural significance. Whether you’re an intrepid mountaineer or a curious traveler, this magnificent peak is sure to leave an indelible impression on your heart and mind.


Mount Makalu, with its majestic beauty and enigmatic allure, stands as one of the world’s most fascinating landmarks. Its towering peak, challenging climbing routes, and unique features make it a dream destination for mountaineers and adventure enthusiasts. From its rich biodiversity and cultural significance to its stunning views and extreme weather conditions, there is no shortage of intriguing facts about Mount Makalu.Whether it’s the fifth highest mountain in the world, the rare wildlife species found in its surrounding region, or the tales of brave mountaineers who have conquered its heights, Mount Makalu continues to captivate the imagination of anyone who seeks to explore its wonders. As we delve deeper into the mysteries and wonders of this magnificent landmark, we uncover a world of hidden secrets and awe-inspiring stories.So, whether you’re planning a trek to its base camp or simply fascinated by the grandeur of nature, exploring Mount Makalu promises an unforgettable experience that will leave you in awe of its beauty for years to come.


1. What is the height of Mount Makalu?

Mount Makalu stands at an impressive height of 8,485 meters (27,838 feet) above sea level.

2. How difficult is it to climb Mount Makalu?

Mount Makalu is considered one of the most challenging mountains to climb due to its steep and technical routes, extreme weather conditions, and high altitude.

3. Is Mount Makalu part of the Himalayan Range?

Yes, Mount Makalu is located in the Himalayan Range, specifically in the Mahalangur mountain range in Nepal.

4. Are there any rare wildlife species found around Mount Makalu?

Yes, the Makalu Barun National Park, which surrounds Mount Makalu, is home to various rare and endangered species, including the Red Panda, Snow Leopard, and Himalayan Black Bear.

5. How long does it take to trek to the base camp of Mount Makalu?

The trek to the base camp of Mount Makalu typically takes around 18-20 days, depending on the route and weather conditions.