Alysia Reza

Written by Alysia Reza

Modified & Updated: 22 May 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith


Rome, the eternal city, holds a rich and fascinating history that spans over two thousand years. From its humble beginnings as a small village along the Tiber River to its status as the capital of the mighty Roman Empire, Rome has left an indelible mark on the world. This city is steeped in culture, art, and architecture, offering a glimpse into the past while embracing the present.

In this article, we will uncover 50 fascinating facts about Rome that will leave you with a deeper appreciation for this remarkable city. Whether you are planning a trip to Rome, a history enthusiast, or simply curious about the world’s ancient wonders, these facts will provide you with valuable insights into the splendor and grandeur of Rome. So, let’s dive into the heart of Rome and discover the marvels that await!

Key Takeaways:

  • Rome, the Eternal City, boasts over 2,700 years of history, with iconic landmarks like the Colosseum and Vatican City, making it a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and art lovers alike.
  • From the delicious Roman cuisine to the vibrant nightlife and rich cinematic history, Rome offers a captivating blend of ancient charm and modern allure, making it a city that truly has something for everyone to enjoy.
Table of Contents

Rome is the capital city of Italy.

Rome, known as the Eternal City, is not only the largest city in Italy but also its political and cultural center.

The city of Rome was founded in 753 BC.

Rome’s history dates back over 2,700 years, making it one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.

Rome is home to the Vatican City.

The Vatican City is a sovereign city-state within Rome and is the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church.

The Colosseum is one of Rome’s most iconic landmarks.

The Colosseum, also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is a magnificent ancient amphitheater that was used for gladiatorial contests and other spectacles.

Rome is known for its extensive ancient ruins.

The city is dotted with ancient ruins, including the Roman Forum, Palatine Hill, and the Pantheon, showcasing the rich history of the Roman Empire.

The Trevi Fountain is a famous tourist attraction in Rome.

Visitors from around the world flock to the Trevi Fountain to toss a coin and make a wish, in hopes of returning to Rome someday.

Rome is home to Vatican Museums, housing priceless artworks.

The Vatican Museums boast an impressive collection, including masterpieces like Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling and Raphael’s frescoes.

The Roman cuisine is renowned for its pasta, pizza, and gelato.

Indulging in authentic Roman dishes is a must when visiting the city, with favorites like carbonara, amatriciana, and tiramisu tantalizing the taste buds.

The Spanish Steps are a popular meeting spot in Rome.

The iconic Spanish Steps, located in the Piazza di Spagna, offer a picturesque setting and a place to relax while enjoying the bustling atmosphere of the city.

Rome has a Mediterranean climate.

The city enjoys hot summers and mild winters, making it an attractive destination for visitors throughout the year.

The Vatican City is the smallest independent state in the world.

With an area of only 0.17 square miles, the Vatican City is smaller than many city parks.

The famous Roman general Julius Caesar was born in Rome.

Julius Caesar, known for his military conquests and role in transforming the Roman Republic into the Roman Empire, was born in Rome in 100 BC.

The Roman Empire reached its peak in the 2nd century AD.

During this time, the empire spanned across three continents and included territories such as Britain, Egypt, and parts of the Middle East.

The city of Rome has its own language, called Romanesco.

While Italian is the official language, Romanesco, a dialect of Italian, is spoken by the locals in Rome.

Rome is home to the largest church in the world, St. Peter’s Basilica.

This magnificent basilica, located within the Vatican City, is a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture and houses significant religious artifacts.

The famous statue of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, can be seen at the Capitoline Wolf.

The Capitoline Wolf depicts a she-wolf nursing the twins Romulus and Remus and has become a symbol of the city’s foundation.

Rome has over 900 churches.

The city is known as the “city of churches” due to its numerous historic and ornate churches, showcasing exquisite architecture and religious art.

The Vatican City is home to the Pope.

The Pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church, resides in the Vatican City and serves as the spiritual leader for millions of Catholics worldwide.

The Roman Pantheon is the best-preserved ancient Roman monument.

The Pantheon, with its iconic dome, is a remarkable architectural feat and has been in continuous use for over 2,000 years.

The iconic sculpture of the Laocoön and His Sons is housed in the Vatican Museums.

This ancient Greek sculpture depicts a Trojan priest and his sons being attacked by sea serpents and is considered a masterpiece of Hellenistic art.

The Roman Forum was the center of political, commercial, and social activity in ancient Rome.

Today, visitors can explore the ruins and visualize the city’s former glory, as the Forum was once filled with grand temples, basilicas, and public squares.

The Circus Maximus was the largest chariot racing stadium in ancient Rome.

This massive venue could hold over 150,000 spectators and was a major entertainment venue for the ancient Romans.

Italian fashion brands such as Gucci, Fendi, and Valentino have their roots in Rome.

Rome has been a fashion capital for centuries and continues to influence the world of high-end fashion with its luxurious brands and designers.

Rome has its own fashion week.

The Rome Fashion Week showcases the latest trends and designs from Italian and international fashion designers.

Rome has a network of underground catacombs.

These ancient burial grounds, stretching over hundreds of kilometers, provide an intriguing glimpse into Roman funerary practices.

The Roman aqueducts were a marvel of engineering.

These impressive structures transported water from distant sources to supply the city, showcasing the advanced engineering skills of the ancient Romans.

The famous novel “Angels and Demons” by Dan Brown is set in Rome.

This thrilling novel takes readers on a captivating journey through the streets of Rome, exploring hidden secrets and symbols of the city.

The Romans built an extensive network of roads connecting their empire.

These roads, known as the Roman road system, facilitated trade, communication, and the movement of troops throughout the empire.

The Vatican City has its own postal system and issues its own stamps.

Collecting Vatican stamps has become a popular hobby for philatelists around the world.

Rome has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1980.

It is recognized for its exceptional historic and cultural significance, preserving the city’s rich heritage for future generations.

The Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi (Fountain of the Four Rivers) is located in Rome’s Piazza Navona.

This beautiful fountain, designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, represents the four major rivers of the four continents known at the time.

Rome has a vibrant nightlife.

The city comes alive after dark, with bars, clubs, and restaurants offering a lively atmosphere and entertainment options for everyone.

Rome is known for its delicious espresso and cappuccino.

The city has a strong coffee culture, and enjoying a cup of espresso or cappuccino in a local café is a quintessential Roman experience.

Rome has inspired numerous works of art and literature.

From Shakespeare’s “Julius Caesar” to Fellini’s “La Dolce Vita,” Rome’s beauty and history have captivated artists and storytellers throughout the ages.

The Vatican Museums attract millions of visitors annually.

With their vast collection of art and historical artifacts, the Vatican Museums offer a fascinating journey through centuries of history and creativity.

The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch located near the Colosseum.

This impressive arch commemorates Emperor Constantine’s victory in the Battle of Milvian Bridge and is decorated with intricate reliefs.

Rome was the host city for the 1960 Summer Olympics.

Athletes from around the world gathered in Rome to compete in various sports disciplines during the 17th edition of the Olympic Games.

The city of Rome has a population of over 2.8 million people.

With its rich history and cultural significance, Rome continues to attract residents and visitors from all corners of the world.

The Capitoline Museums house a remarkable collection of ancient Roman statues and artifacts.

Perched atop Capitoline Hill, the museums offer a treasure trove of art and historical treasures.

Rome has been featured in numerous films and TV shows.

From “Roman Holiday” to “The Great Beauty,” Rome’s breathtaking settings have provided a backdrop for many cinematic masterpieces.

Rome has a large urban park called Villa Borghese.

This vast green oasis offers a retreat from the bustling city streets and is home to the Borghese Gallery, showcasing an impressive art collection.

The Appian Way is one of the oldest and most important Roman roads.

Stretching over 330 miles, this ancient road played a crucial role in connecting Rome to its colonies and served as a vital trade route.

Rome has its own version of the Wall Street, known as the “Roman Wall Street” or Via Condotti.

This exclusive shopping street is lined with high-end designer boutiques, attracting fashion enthusiasts and luxury shoppers.

Rome has a vibrant street art scene.

Walking through the city streets, visitors can admire colorful murals and graffiti created by local and international street artists.

Rome is known for its fountains.

The city is adorned with numerous beautiful fountains, including the Fontana di Trevi, the Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi, and the Fontana delle Tartarughe.

Rome has its own airport, Leonardo da Vinci International Airport, also known as Fiumicino Airport.

This busy airport connects Rome to destinations around the world, serving millions of passengers annually.

Piazza Navona is one of Rome’s most famous squares.

This picturesque square features stunning Baroque architecture, street performers, and outdoor cafes, creating a vibrant atmosphere.

The Catacombs of Rome are underground burial sites.

These ancient catacombs provide a haunting glimpse into the underground world of early Christian burials in Rome.

Rome has a rich cinematic history.

From classic Italian neorealism films to modern blockbusters, the city has been a favorite location for filmmakers to capture its timeless beauty.

The Vatican City has its own postal system and issues its own stamps.

Collecting Vatican stamps has become a popular hobby for philatelists around the world.


In conclusion, Rome is a city that is steeped in history and culture. With its rich heritage, breathtaking architecture, and delicious cuisine, it is no wonder that Rome remains one of the most popular tourist destinations in the world. From the iconic Colosseum to the grandeur of Vatican City, there is a wealth of attractions to explore and discover in this ancient city.Whether you are strolling through the streets of the historic center, admiring the masterpieces in the Vatican Museums, or indulging in authentic Italian pasta and gelato, Rome offers a truly unforgettable experience. Soak in the atmosphere of the bustling markets, sip espresso at a charming café, or simply marvel at the beauty of the Trevi Fountain.With its blend of ancient history and a vibrant modern lifestyle, Rome captures the hearts of visitors from across the globe. It is a city that never fails to enchant and inspire, leaving lasting memories for all who have the opportunity to explore its wonders. So, plan your trip and immerse yourself in the magic of Rome – a city that truly stands the test of time.


Q: What is the best time to visit Rome?
A: The best time to visit Rome is during the spring (April to June) and fall (September to October) seasons when the weather is pleasant and the crowds are relatively smaller compared to the peak summer months.

Q: How do I get around Rome?
A: Rome has an extensive public transportation system, including buses, trams, and metro lines. You can also explore the city by walking or renting a bicycle to enjoy the charming streets and alleys.

Q: What are the must-visit attractions in Rome?
A: Some of the must-visit attractions in Rome include the Colosseum, Roman Forum, Vatican City (including St. Peter’s Basilica and the Vatican Museums), Trevi Fountain, Pantheon, and Spanish Steps.

Q: Is it necessary to book tickets in advance for popular attractions?
A: It is highly recommended to book tickets in advance, especially for popular attractions like the Vatican Museums and the Colosseum, to skip the long queues and ensure your entry.

Q: What is the local cuisine in Rome?
A: Rome is known for its delicious cuisine, including dishes like pasta carbonara, cacio e pepe, pizza alla romana, supplì (fried rice balls), and gelato. Don’t forget to try the local specialty, Roman-style artichokes!

Q: Are there any day trips from Rome worth taking?
A: Yes, there are several day trips from Rome that are worth taking, such as visiting the ancient city of Pompeii, exploring the beautiful town of Tivoli with Villa d’Este and Hadrian’s Villa, or experiencing the medieval charm of the hill towns of Umbria.

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