Emmie Ramsay

Written by Emmie Ramsay

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

Source: Sg.trip.com

Jinggangshan is a fascinating city in China that is known for its rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant culture. Located in the Jiangxi province, Jinggangshan has become a popular destination for both domestic and international tourists. With its unique combination of natural beauty and historical significance, this city offers something for everyone.

In this article, we will delve into 49 interesting facts about Jinggangshan, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of this enchanting city. From its role in the Chinese revolution to its stunning mountain ranges and local cuisine, there is so much to explore and discover in Jinggangshan.

So, whether you’re planning a visit to Jinggangshan or simply want to learn more about this captivating city, read on to uncover the 49 fascinating facts that make Jinggangshan truly one of a kind.

Key Takeaways:

  • Jinggangshan is a historic mountain range in China, known as the birthplace of the Chinese Revolution. It offers stunning scenery, rich cultural heritage, and a deep connection to the country’s revolutionary past.
  • Visitors to Jinggangshan can explore revolutionary sites, enjoy outdoor activities, and immerse themselves in the region’s vibrant culture. The mountain range’s enduring legacy continues to inspire and captivate people from all over the world.
Table of Contents

Birthplace of the Chinese Revolution

Jinggangshan holds great significance in China’s history as it is considered the birthplace of the Chinese Revolution. It served as a revolutionary base during the early 20th century and played a crucial role in the eventual success of the revolution.

Scenic Mountain Range

Jinggangshan is located in the Luoxiao Mountains in Jiangxi Province, China. The mountain range stretches across 670 kilometers and offers breathtaking scenic views of lush greenery, cascading waterfalls, and serene valleys.

Cultural Heritage Site

Jinggangshan is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site due to its rich cultural significance and historical importance in China’s revolutionary history. It attracts visitors from all over the world who come to explore its fascinating past.

Mao Zedong’s Revolutionary Base

Jinggangshan was one of the main revolutionary bases for Mao Zedong and his forces during the Chinese Revolution. It provided a strategic location for organizing and launching revolutionary activities against the ruling Kuomintang government.

Red Tourism Destination

Jinggangshan is known as a significant “red tourism” destination in China. It offers visitors the opportunity to learn about the country’s revolutionary history and gain insights into the hardships and sacrifices made by the revolutionaries.

Home to the Jinggangshan University

Jinggangshan is home to the Jinggangshan University, a renowned institution that focuses on revolutionary education and research. Students from all over China come to study here and gain a deeper understanding of the country’s communist roots.

The Jinggangshan National Nature Reserve

Jinggangshan is home to a vast national nature reserve, encompassing an area of over 200 square kilometers. The reserve protects the unique biodiversity of the region, including rare plant species and diverse animal life.

A Hiking Paradise

Jinggangshan offers numerous hiking trails that cater to all levels of fitness and explore the stunning natural beauty of the region. From leisurely walks to challenging treks, visitors can immerse themselves in the picturesque landscapes.

Revolutionary Sites and Monuments

Jinggangshan boasts numerous historical sites and monuments that pay tribute to the revolutionary struggle. From the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Memorial Hall to the Longtan Martyrs Cemetery, each site offers a glimpse into the revolutionary era.

The Jinggangshan Red Culture Festival

Every year, Jinggangshan hosts the Red Culture Festival to commemorate the revolutionary spirit and promote the cultural heritage of the region. The festival features performances, exhibitions, and events that showcase the revolutionary history of Jinggangshan.

Striking Rock Formations

Jinggangshan is renowned for its striking rock formations that resemble various animals and objects. The Five Fingers Peak, the Elephant Trunk Mountain, and the Turtle Peak are among the most famous rock formations in the area.

A Paradise for Photographers

With its picturesque landscapes, historical sites, and stunning rock formations, Jinggangshan provides endless opportunities for photographers to capture breathtaking shots. The changing seasons add an extra layer of beauty to the already scenic surroundings.

Importance in Chinese Literature

Jinggangshan has been a frequent subject in Chinese literature. From poems to novels, many renowned writers have been inspired by the region’s natural beauty and its place in China’s revolutionary history.

Home to the Jinggangshan Red Army Hospital

Jinggangshan is proud to have the Jinggangshan Red Army Hospital, which played a vital role during the revolutionary period. Today, the hospital serves as a memorial and a reminder of the sacrifices made by the revolutionary soldiers.

Revolutionary Spirit of the Locals

The people of Jinggangshan hold a deep-rooted revolutionary spirit and take pride in their region’s historical significance. Visitors can experience the warm hospitality of the locals and learn firsthand about their dedication to preserving the revolutionary legacy.

Traditional Villages

Jinggangshan is home to several traditional villages where visitors can experience the rural lifestyle and immerse themselves in the local culture. These villages provide a glimpse into the past and showcase the traditional architecture and customs of the region.

Mao Zedong’s Former Residence

One of the main attractions in Jinggangshan is Mao Zedong’s former residence. It offers visitors a chance to explore the living quarters of the revolutionary leader and gain insight into his daily life during the revolution.

Hot Spring Resorts

Jinggangshan is dotted with hot spring resorts that offer relaxation and rejuvenation opportunities for visitors. The natural mineral-rich waters are believed to have therapeutic properties, making them a popular choice for wellness seekers.

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Museum is a must-visit for history enthusiasts. It houses an extensive collection of artifacts, photographs, and documents that document the revolutionary history of Jinggangshan and its role in shaping China’s future.

The Mountain of Revolutionaries

Jinggangshan is known as the “Mountain of Revolutionaries” due to the significant number of revolutionaries who fought and lived in the region. The mountain holds a special place in the hearts of the Chinese people and symbolizes the spirit of the revolution.

Magnificent Waterfalls

Jinggangshan boasts several breathtaking waterfalls that add to the natural beauty of the region. The Bailongdong Waterfall, Sandie Waterfall, and Jinxiu Valley Waterfall are among the most spectacular and attract nature lovers from far and wide.

The Birthplace of the Eighth Route Army

The Jinggangshan region holds the distinction of being the birthplace of the Eighth Route Army, a significant force in the Chinese Communist Party’s fight against Japanese occupation during World War II.

Revolutionary Battlefields

Visitors to Jinggangshan can explore the historic battlefields where the revolutionary forces fought against their enemies. These battlefields serve as a reminder of the struggles and sacrifices made by the revolutionaries in their quest for a better future.

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Martyrs Monument

Located in the Jinggangshan Martyrs Cemetery, the Jinggangshan Revolutionary Martyrs Monument is a solemn tribute to the brave men and women who gave their lives for the revolutionary cause. It stands as a symbol of national pride and remembrance.

Revolutionary-era Villages

Throughout the Jinggangshan region, visitors can explore villages that have retained the ambiance and architecture of the revolutionary era. These villages offer a unique glimpse into the daily lives of the revolutionaries and the hardships they faced.

Cultural Revolution Sites

Jinggangshan played a significant role during the Cultural Revolution in China. Many sites in the region played host to important meetings, speeches, and gatherings during this tumultuous period in Chinese history.

Ties to the Long March

Jinggangshan is intrinsically connected to the historic Long March undertaken by the Red Army during the Chinese Revolution. Many marchers passed through the region, leaving their mark in the annals of history.

The Jinggangshan National Forest Park

The Jinggangshan National Forest Park is a protected area that showcases the natural beauty of the region. It is an ideal spot for outdoor enthusiasts as it offers opportunities for hiking, camping, and wildlife spotting.

Unique Flora and Fauna

Jinggangshan is known for its diverse range of flora and fauna, thanks to its varied climatic conditions and abundant natural resources. Rare plant species, such as the Chinese yew tree, can be found in the region and are preserved within the national parks.

The Jinggangshan Red Army College

The Jinggangshan Red Army College was established during the revolutionary period and served as a training ground for the Red Army soldiers. Today, it serves as a museum, offering insights into the military training and strategies employed during that time.

Beautiful Sunrise and Sunset Views

With its mountainous terrain and scenic landscapes, Jinggangshan provides the perfect vantage point to witness breathtaking sunrise and sunset views. The play of colors over the mountains creates a mesmerizing spectacle.

Educational Center for Revolutionary Studies

Jinggangshan has become a hub for revolutionary studies, attracting scholars and researchers from around the world. The abundance of historical resources and archives makes it an ideal location for studying and analyzing this pivotal period in China’s history.

Eco-Tourism Destination

In recent years, Jinggangshan has gained popularity as an eco-tourism destination. Visitors can engage in activities such as bird-watching, nature walks, and exploring the region’s unique ecosystems.

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Youth League Memorial Hall

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Youth League Memorial Hall pays tribute to the young revolutionaries who played a crucial role in the Chinese Revolution. It highlights their contributions and sacrifices, inspiring future generations to carry forward the revolutionary spirit.

Traditional Cultural Performances

Jinggangshan hosts traditional cultural performances that showcase the region’s rich heritage. From folk dances to singing competitions, visitors can immerse themselves in the vibrant and colorful traditions of the local communities.

The Jinggangshan Red Army Cultural Square

The Jinggangshan Red Army Cultural Square is a popular gathering place for locals and tourists alike. It hosts various events throughout the year, including concerts, exhibitions, and cultural shows that celebrate the revolutionary legacy of the region.

The Eight Immortals Mountain

In the heart of Jinggangshan lies the Eight Immortals Mountain, a revered peak that holds spiritual significance for many. Its tranquil atmosphere and scenic beauty make it a popular destination for those seeking a peaceful retreat.

Revolutionary Artifacts and Memorabilia

The museums and memorial halls in Jinggangshan house a vast collection of revolutionary artifacts and memorabilia. From weapons and uniforms to personal belongings of prominent revolutionaries, these exhibits offer a tangible connection to the past.

Jinggangshan Red Army Pagoda

The Red Army Pagoda in Jinggangshan is a symbol of bravery and sacrifice. It stands tall as a monument to honor the fallen revolutionary soldiers and serves as a reminder of the challenges they faced in their fight for a better future.

Thriving Tea Plantations

Jinggangshan is renowned for its tea plantations, which produce high-quality tea leaves. The region’s favorable climate and fertile soil create the perfect conditions for cultivating a variety of teas, including the famous Jinggangshan Black Tea.

Home to the Jinggangshan Revolution Memorial Park

The Jinggangshan Revolution Memorial Park is a comprehensive exhibition site that showcases the revolutionary history of the region. From interactive displays to multimedia presentations, visitors can delve deep into the revolution’s intricacies.

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Literature Museum

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Literature Museum is a treasure trove of literary works inspired by the region’s revolutionary past. It pays homage to the writers who documented and immortalized the struggles and triumphs of the revolutionaries.

Locally Produced Crafts and Souvenirs

Jinggangshan is known for its locally produced crafts and souvenirs that make for unique keepsakes. From traditional handicrafts to revolutionary-themed memorabilia, visitors can take home a piece of Jinggangshan’s rich cultural heritage.

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Song and Dance Troupe

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Song and Dance Troupe is renowned for its performances that celebrate the revolutionary spirit. Their captivating shows combine music, dance, and storytelling, leaving the audience inspired and moved.

Revolutionary Heroes Memorial

The Revolutionary Heroes Memorial in Jinggangshan pays tribute to the brave individuals who played instrumental roles in the Chinese Revolution. Their names are engraved on the memorial, ensuring that their sacrifices and contributions are never forgotten.

Mount Jinggangshan Scenic Area

The Mount Jinggangshan Scenic Area is a wonderland for nature enthusiasts. Its diverse landscapes, including dense forests, pristine lakes, and meandering rivers, make it a perfect destination for outdoor activities and exploration.

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Cemetery

The Jinggangshan Revolutionary Cemetery is the resting place for many revolutionary heroes who fought and died for their beliefs. It serves as a place of reverence and respect, honoring their memory and inspiring future generations.

Pilgrimage Destination for Revolutionaries

Jinggangshan has become a popular pilgrimage destination for revolutionaries, historians, and admirers of China’s rich revolutionary history. They come to pay homage to the revolutionaries, deepen their understanding of the revolution, and draw inspiration from the past.

Everlasting Legacy

The everlasting legacy of Jinggangshan continues to inspire and captivate people from all walks of life. Its revolutionary spirit, natural beauty, and cultural heritage leave an indelible mark on those who visit, ensuring that its significance will be cherished for generations to come.


Jinggangshan is indeed a remarkable destination that offers a rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and a vibrant culture. Whether you’re a history buff, nature lover, or adventure seeker, there is something for everyone in this hidden gem of China. From the revolutionary sites and museums that pay homage to the Communist Party’s early struggles, to the scenic mountains and waterfalls that provide unparalleled beauty, Jinggangshan is a must-visit for any traveler looking to immerse themselves in the wonders of Chinese history and nature. So pack your bags, head to Jinggangshan, and get ready to be captivated by its fascinating past and stunning beauty.


1. How do I get to Jinggangshan?

Getting to Jinggangshan is easy. You can take a direct flight to Jinggangshan Airport, which has connections to major cities in China. Alternatively, you can take a train or bus from nearby cities like Nanchang or Guangzhou.

2. What are the must-visit attractions in Jinggangshan?

Some of the must-visit attractions in Jinggangshan include Ciping Scenic Area, Jinggangshan Revolution Museum, Luoxiao Mountain, Five Fingers Peak, and the Jinggangshan Red Army Martyrs Cemetery.

3. What is the best time to visit Jinggangshan?

The best time to visit Jinggangshan is during spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is pleasant and the scenery is at its best. However, it’s important to note that Jinggangshan has its own unique charm throughout the year.

4. Are there any hiking trails in Jinggangshan?

Yes, Jinggangshan offers various hiking trails that cater to different fitness levels. Some popular hiking routes include the Jinggangshan Grand Canyon, Ciping Tianchi Lake, and the Red Rock Gorge.

5. Can I experience the local culture in Jinggangshan?

Absolutely! Jinggangshan is known for its rich cultural heritage. You can visit local villages, interact with the friendly locals, and even participate in traditional activities such as singing revolutionary songs and learning about the local dialect.

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