Colette Villareal

Written by Colette Villareal

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Peshawar, the capital city of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan, is a city steeped in rich history and vibrant culture. With its strategic location at the eastern end of the historic Khyber Pass, Peshawar has been a crossroads for civilizations, serving as a melting pot of diverse influences and traditions. From ancient times to the present day, Peshawar has witnessed the rise and fall of empires, the ebb and flow of conquerors, and the blending of different cultures.

In this article, we will explore 47 fascinating facts about Peshawar, shedding light on its glorious past, bustling present, and promising future. From its architectural marvels to its mouthwatering cuisine, Peshawar offers a plethora of experiences for visitors and residents alike. So, let’s dive in and discover the hidden gems and intriguing details that make Peshawar an extraordinary city.

Key Takeaways:

  • Peshawar, a city in Pakistan, is rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. It’s famous for its vibrant bazaars, historical landmarks, and warm hospitality, making it a unique and unforgettable destination.
  • Peshawar’s 2,000-year-old history, diverse culture, and stunning scenery make it a must-visit city. From iconic bazaars to ancient landmarks, Peshawar offers a truly remarkable experience for all visitors.
Table of Contents


Peshawar is located in northern Pakistan, near the border with Afghanistan and is nestled at the eastern end of the historic Khyber Pass.

Ancient History

Peshawar has a history that spans over 2,000 years, making it one of the oldest cities in the region.

Historical Landmarks

The city is home to numerous historical landmarks, including the Peshawar Museum, Sethi House, and the Bala Hissar Fort, which dates back to the 16th century.

Cultural Hub

Peshawar is known as a melting pot of cultures, with influences from Pashtun, Afghan, Sikh, and British traditions.

Peshawari Chappal

The iconic Peshawari Chappal is a traditional footwear style originating from the city and has gained popularity both nationally and internationally.

Vibrant Bazaars

Peshawar is famous for its bustling bazaars, such as Qissa Khwani Bazaar and Namak Mandi, where one can find a wide variety of goods, including traditional handicrafts, fabrics, spices, and jewelry.

Tribal Influence

Peshawar has long been a hub for tribal gatherings and meetings, serving as a center for Pashtun culture and traditions.

Smuggler’s Paradise

Peshawar is often referred to as the “Smuggler’s Paradise” due to its strategic location along the Afghanistan-Pakistan border, which has made it a major transit point for illegal trade.

Delicious Cuisine

Peshawar is renowned for its flavorful cuisine, with dishes like Chapli Kebabs, Karahi, and Kabuli Pulao being local favorites.

Gandhara Civilization

Peshawar was once a part of the ancient Gandhara civilization, known for its beautiful Buddhist art and architecture.

Buddhism in Peshawar

Peshawar is home to several Buddhist archaeological sites, including the ancient stupa-topped ruins of the Kanishka stupa and the Bala Hisar Fort.

Peshawar Museum

The Peshawar Museum houses an extensive collection of Gandhara art, Kushan coins, and relics from the ancient civilizations that thrived in the region.

Khyber Pass

The historic Khyber Pass, located near Peshawar, has been a vital trade route and a gateway between Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent for centuries.

Education Hub

Peshawar is home to renowned educational institutions, such as the University of Peshawar, Khyber Medical University, and Peshawar Engineering University.

Qissa Khwani Bazaar

The legendary Qissa Khwani Bazaar, meaning “Market of Storytellers,” has been a center of cultural and political activities for centuries.

Historic Mosques

Peshawar boasts many magnificent mosques, including the historic Mohabbat Khan Mosque and the Mahabat Khan Mosque, known for their stunning architectural designs.

Provincial Capital

Peshawar serves as the administrative and political capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province.

Peshawar Zalmi

Peshawar is home to the Peshawar Zalmi, one of the most celebrated teams in the Pakistan Super League (PSL) of cricket.

British Influence

Peshawar has a significant British influence, reflected in its architecture, institutions, and the presence of historical buildings like the Edwardes College.

Peshawar Cantt

Peshawar Cantonment, commonly known as Peshawar Cantt, is the military base and garrison town located in the city.

Land of Hospitality

Peshawar is renowned for its warm hospitality and the Pashtun tradition of welcoming guests with open arms.

Peshawar Airport

Benazir Bhutto International Airport, located in Peshawar, serves as an important gateway to the region.

Frontier Crimes Regulation

Peshawar was once the headquarters of the Frontier Crimes Regulation, a colonial-era legal system that governed the tribal areas of the region.

Peshawar High Court

The Peshawar High Court, established in 1906, is one of the oldest High Courts in Pakistan.

Cultural Festivals

Peshawar hosts various cultural festivals throughout the year, including the Qissa Khwani Festival and the Gandhara Art and Culture Festival.


Peshawar is known for its agricultural activities, particularly the production of fruits like oranges, cherries, and apricots.

Pea Fields

Peshawar is famous for its lush green pea fields, which are a common sight in the surrounding countryside.

Peshawar Railway Station

Peshawar Railway Station, built during British colonial rule, is a beautiful architectural landmark that still serves as a major transportation hub.

Karkhano Market

Karkhano Market in Peshawar is a popular shopping destination known for its variety of goods, including electronics, clothing, and household items.

Peshawar Zoo

Peshawar Zoo is a well-maintained attraction that houses a diverse collection of animals, including lions, tigers, monkeys, and birds.

Cultural Dance Forms

Peshawar is known for its traditional dance forms, including the Attan, a lively and energetic dance performed at weddings and cultural events.

Jewelry Market

Peshawar is famous for its vibrant jewelry market, offering a wide range of traditional and modern designs.

Peshawar Club

The Peshawar Club is an exclusive social and sports club that has served as a meeting place for the city’s elite for many years.

Peshawar Polo Club

The Peshawar Polo Club, established in 1880, is one of the oldest polo clubs in the country and hosts various national and international polo events.

Benazir Bhutto Women’s University

Peshawar is home to the Benazir Bhutto Women’s University, which focuses on the empowerment and education of women.

Peshawar Press Club

Peshawar Press Club is a significant hub for journalists and media professionals, promoting freedom of the press and facilitating the exchange of ideas.

Livestock Market

Peshawar hosts one of the largest livestock markets in Pakistan during the Muslim festival of Eid-ul-Adha (Festival of Sacrifice).

Peshawar Sports Complex

The Peshawar Sports Complex is a state-of-the-art facility that has hosted national and international sporting events.

Pashto Film Industry

Peshawar has a thriving Pashto film industry, commonly known as Pollywood, producing films in the Pashto language.

Peshawar Museum of Archaeology

The Peshawar Museum of Archaeology showcases the rich archaeological history of the region, including artifacts from ancient civilizations.

Peshawar University Stadium

Peshawar University Stadium is a popular venue for cricket matches and other sporting events.

Peshawar Golf Club

The Peshawar Golf Club is an exquisite 18-hole golf course where golf enthusiasts can enjoy a round of golf amidst stunning surroundings.

Peshawar Art Gallery

The Peshawar Art Gallery showcases the works of local artists, providing a platform for promoting and preserving the region’s rich cultural heritage.

Peshawar Film Festival

The Peshawar Film Festival celebrates the art of filmmaking, providing a platform for emerging filmmakers to showcase their talent and creativity.

Historical Havelis

Peshawar is known for its beautiful havelis (traditional mansions). The historic Sethi House and the Mohabbat Khan House are prime examples of architectural marvels.

Peshawar Division

Peshawar serves as the administrative center of the Peshawar Division, which comprises seven districts.

Tourist Attractions

Peshawar offers a wide range of tourist attractions, including the lush Wazir Bagh Gardens, the magnificent Cunningham Clock Tower, and the picturesque Army Stadium.

In conclusion, Peshawar is a city that combines rich history, diverse culture, and natural beauty, making it a must-visit destination. With its vibrant bazaars, historical landmarks, and warm hospitality, Peshawar offers a truly unique and unforgettable experience to all who visit.


Peshawar, the capital city of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan, is a city full of rich history, cultural heritage, and fascinating facts. From its ancient origins to its modern-day hustle and bustle, Peshawar offers a unique blend of tradition and progress.In this article, we have uncovered 47 intriguing facts about Peshawar that shed light on its significance and allure. We have explored its historical landmarks such as the Qissa Khwani Bazaar and Bala Hisar Fort, its vibrant markets, and its renowned cuisine, which includes mouth-watering dishes like chapli kebabs and Peshawari karahi.Peshawar is also home to various educational institutions, museums, and art galleries, making it a cultural hub for both locals and tourists. Its strategic location on the Silk Road has contributed to its importance as a center of trade and commerce.Whether you are planning a visit to Peshawar or simply curious about this captivating city, these facts have given us a glimpse into the soul of Peshawar and its enduring charm.


Q: What is the best time to visit Peshawar?

A: The best time to visit Peshawar is during the spring season, from March to May, when the weather is pleasant and the city is in full bloom.

Q: Are there any famous historical sites in Peshawar?

A: Yes, Peshawar is known for its historical sites such as the Bala Hisar Fort, the Peshawar Museum, and the Gor Khatri archaeological site.

Q: What are some must-try dishes in Peshawar?

A: Peshawar is famous for its delicious cuisine. Some must-try dishes include chapli kebabs, Peshawari karahi, namkeen tikka, and seekh kebabs.

Q: Is Peshawar a safe city for tourists?

A: Like any other city, it’s important to take necessary precautions while traveling. Peshawar has made significant improvements in security measures and is generally considered safe for tourists.

Q: Are there any shopping areas in Peshawar?

A: Yes, Peshawar is famous for its bustling markets such as Qissa Khwani Bazaar, Khyber Bazaar, and Saddar Bazaar, where you can find a wide range of goods including traditional handicrafts, clothing, and jewelry.

Q: How can one travel around Peshawar?

A: Peshawar has a well-developed public transportation system, including buses and taxis, which can be used to navigate the city. Alternatively, hiring a private car or using ride-hailing apps like Uber and Careem are also convenient options.

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