Janeva Severance

Janeva Severance

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023

Source: Itinari.com

Pamplona, the capital city of the autonomous community of Navarre in northern Spain, is a vibrant and historical destination that attracts travelers from all around the world. Renowned for its exciting and adrenaline-pumping running of the bulls during the famous San Fermín festival, Pamplona offers much more than just this adrenaline-fueled event. With a rich history dating back to Roman times, Pamplona is a city filled with architectural marvels, charming streets, and a lively atmosphere.

In this article, we will delve into 47 fascinating facts about Pamplona that will give you a deeper understanding and appreciation of this remarkable city. From its origins as a Roman settlement to its stunning Gothic and Renaissance-style buildings, Pamplona is a treasure trove of history and culture. So, whether you’re planning a visit to Pamplona or simply want to expand your knowledge, read on to discover these intriguing facts!

Table of Contents

Pamplona is home to the famous San Fermín Festival.

The San Fermín Festival, also known as the Running of the Bulls, attracts thousands of participants and spectators from around the world each year. This exhilarating event takes place from July 6th to 14th and is a celebration of Pamplona’s patron saint, Saint Fermín.

The city has a population of approximately 200,000 people.

Pamplona is the capital city of Navarre and is the second-largest city in the region.

The origins of Pamplona can be traced back to Roman times.

The city was founded by the Romans in the 1st century BC and was initially named “Pompaelo.”

Pamplona is known for its remarkable city walls.

The city is encircled by well-preserved medieval walls that offer breathtaking views of the surrounding area.

Ernest Hemingway was a fan of Pamplona.

The famous American author spent many summers in Pamplona and even wrote a book about the San Fermín Festival titled “The Sun Also Rises.”

Pamplona has its own regional language.

The official language of Navarre is Basque, and it is commonly spoken alongside Spanish.

The city is known for its gastronomy.

Pamplona is a food lover’s paradise, with a wide range of traditional dishes and world-class restaurants to satisfy every palate.

The University of Navarre is located in Pamplona.

Founded in 1952, the university is one of the most prestigious educational institutions in Spain.

Pamplona has a vibrant nightlife scene.

The city comes alive after dark, with numerous bars, clubs, and live music venues offering entertainment for every taste.

The annual bull run is a major attraction.

During the San Fermín Festival, courageous individuals run alongside a herd of bulls through the narrow streets of Pamplona, creating an adrenaline-fueled spectacle.

Pamplona is a UNESCO Creative City.

The city has been recognized by UNESCO for its commitment to promoting sustainable cultural development.

The Plaza del Castillo is the heart of Pamplona.

This bustling square is filled with cafes, shops, and historic buildings, making it a popular meeting place for both locals and tourists.

Pamplona is surrounded by stunning natural landscapes.

The city is nestled in the beautiful Navarre countryside, offering endless opportunities for outdoor activities such as hiking, cycling, and birdwatching.

Pamplona is known for its bullfighting tradition.

Bullfighting is deeply rooted in the culture of Pamplona, and the city is home to several bullrings where this controversial spectacle takes place.

The city has a rich history of religious significance.

Pamplona is dotted with magnificent churches and cathedrals, including the iconic Pamplona Cathedral, which dates back to the 14th century.

The famous writer Miguel de Cervantes once lived in Pamplona.

The creator of Don Quixote resided in the city for a brief period during his military service.

Pamplona is a cyclist-friendly city.

The city boasts a well-developed network of cycling lanes, making it easy for residents and visitors to explore on two wheels.

The city has a strong tradition of folk music and dance.

Traditional Basque music and dance are an integral part of Pamplona’s cultural heritage, with regular performances and events held throughout the year.

Pamplona has a vibrant arts scene.

The city is home to numerous art galleries, museums, and theaters, showcasing both local and international talent.

The festive atmosphere of Pamplona is contagious.

Visitors to the city often find themselves captivated by the lively ambiance and warm hospitality of the locals, leaving lasting memories.

Pamplona is a hub for outdoor enthusiasts.

With its proximity to the Pyrenees Mountains and the Camino de Santiago, the city serves as a gateway to adventurous pursuits such as hiking, skiing, and pilgrimage.

The city’s cuisine highlights regional flavors.

Pamplona is known for its delicious pintxos, a type of tapas that showcases the best of Navarre’s culinary delights.

Pamplona has a vibrant street art scene.

The city is adorned with colorful murals and graffiti, adding an urban artistic touch to its already vibrant streets.

Pamplona has a strong tradition of sports.

The city is home to acclaimed sports teams, including the famous Osasuna football club.

Pamplona hosts several renowned music festivals.

From jazz to classical music, the city offers a diverse range of festivals throughout the year, attracting top performers from around the world.

Pamplona is a city of parks and gardens.

Green spaces can be found throughout the city, providing a peaceful retreat amidst urban surroundings.

The city has a thriving wine industry.

Pamplona is located in the heart of the Navarre wine region, known for producing exceptional wines such as Navarra Rosé.

Pamplona has a unique blend of architectural styles.

From Romanesque to Gothic and Neoclassical to modern, the city’s architecture reflects its diverse history and cultural influences.

Pamplona is a city of festivals and celebrations.

In addition to the San Fermín Festival, the city hosts numerous cultural and religious celebrations throughout the year, filling the streets with music, dance, and joy.

Pamplona is well-connected to other major Spanish cities.

The city has excellent transportation links, making it easily accessible by train, bus, and plane.

Pamplona is a city of innovation.

The city is home to several research centers and technology parks, fostering a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship.

The city has a bustling food market.

The Mercado de Santo Domingo is a vibrant market where locals and visitors can discover a wide array of fresh produce, artisanal products, and traditional delicacies.

Pamplona has a strong literary tradition.

Many prominent writers and poets have hailed from Pamplona, contributing to its rich literary legacy.

The city is surrounded by wineries.

Wine enthusiasts can explore the nearby vineyards and indulge in wine tastings and tours, experiencing the flavors of the region firsthand.

Pamplona is a city of green spaces.

With numerous parks and gardens, including the iconic Yamaguchi Park, the city offers plenty of opportunities for relaxation and outdoor activities.

The city’s architecture showcases its Roman past.

Several Roman ruins and structures can still be found in Pamplona, giving visitors a glimpse into the city’s ancient history.

Pamplona is a UNESCO World Heritage Site candidate.

The city’s historical and cultural significance has led to its consideration for inclusion on the prestigious UNESCO World Heritage List.

The city has a thriving cultural scene.

From art exhibitions to theater performances and film festivals, there is always something happening in Pamplona for culture enthusiasts to enjoy.

Pamplona is a city of museums.

From the Museum of Navarre, which houses an extensive collection of regional art and artifacts, to the Taurine Museum, dedicated to the history of bullfighting, the city offers a wealth of cultural experiences.

Pamplona is a city of fountains.

Throughout the city, you will find beautifully crafted fountains that not only provide drinking water but also add to the charm of Pamplona’s public spaces.

Pamplona hosts the International Firework Competition.

Each year, the city invites renowned pyrotechnics companies to compete in creating the most spectacular firework displays, lighting up the night sky.

The city has a strong tradition of handicrafts.

From ceramics and leatherwork to textile production, Pamplona is known for its skilled artisans who create unique and exquisite products.

Pamplona is a city of sculptures.

Throughout the streets and public squares, you will encounter a variety of stunning sculptures that add a touch of artistic beauty to the urban landscape.

The city hosts the Pamplona Cidery Festival.

Every year, cider enthusiasts gather in Pamplona to celebrate the region’s cider-making traditions and enjoy cider tastings and traditional Basque cuisine.

Pamplona has a well-developed public transportation system.

Whether you prefer buses or trams, getting around the city and its neighboring areas is convenient and efficient.

The city is a gateway to the stunning Bardenas Reales.

Located just outside Pamplona, Bardenas Reales Natural Park is a desert-like landscape renowned for its unique geological formations.


In conclusion, Pamplona is a city rich in history, culture, and tradition. From the famous Running of the Bulls to the stunning architecture of the Casco Antiguo, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this vibrant Spanish city. Whether you are a history buff, an art enthusiast, or simply someone who loves exploring new places, Pamplona offers a unique experience that is sure to leave a lasting impression. So, if you’re looking for your next travel destination, consider adding Pamplona to your list. You won’t be disappointed!


1. When is the Running of the Bulls in Pamplona?

The Running of the Bulls takes place every year during the San Fermín festival, from July 6th to July 14th.

2. What is the history behind the Running of the Bulls?

The tradition of the Running of the Bulls dates back to the medieval times, when bulls were transported from the countryside to the bullring. People would run alongside the bulls as a way to showcase their bravery.

3. How long is the San Fermín festival?

The San Fermín festival lasts for nine days, starting with the Chupinazo on July 6th and ending with the Pobre de Mí ceremony on July 14th.

4. Are there other events besides the Running of the Bulls during the San Fermín festival?

Yes, the San Fermín festival is filled with various events such as bullfights, concerts, parades, fireworks, and traditional dances.

5. What are some must-see attractions in Pamplona?

Some must-see attractions in Pamplona include the Pamplona Cathedral, Plaza del Castillo, the Bullring, and the Citadel Park.

6. Is Pamplona safe for tourists?

Yes, Pamplona is generally considered a safe city for tourists. However, like any other city, it is always important to exercise caution and take necessary precautions.

7. Can I participate in the Running of the Bulls?

Yes, anyone above the age of 18 can participate in the Running of the Bulls. However, it is important to note that it can be dangerous, and participants should be physically fit and aware of the risks involved.

8. What is the weather like in Pamplona?

Pamplona experiences a moderate climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The best time to visit is during the spring and autumn months when the weather is mild.

9. Are there any traditional dishes or drinks in Pamplona?

Yes, some traditional dishes in Pamplona include pintxos (small snacks), chistorra (a type of sausage), and txistorra (a type of chorizo). When it comes to drinks, the local wine and Basque cider are popular choices.

10. Are there any day trips I can take from Pamplona?

Yes, Pamplona is surrounded by beautiful countryside and picturesque towns. You can take day trips to places like the Bardenas Reales desert, the charming town of Estella, or the stunning Irati Forest.