Kelcey Riffle

Written by Kelcey Riffle

Modified & Updated: 03 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith


Camagüey, a vibrant city in Cuba, is rich in culture, history, and natural beauty. Located in the central part of the island, Camagüey is the third-largest city in Cuba and is known for its unique architecture, charming cobblestone streets, and lively arts scene. With its fascinating blend of Spanish and African influences, Camagüey offers a unique glimpse into the country’s colonial past.

In this article, we will explore 42 fascinating facts about Camagüey that will give you a deeper understanding of this captivating city. From its UNESCO World Heritage sites to its delicious cuisine and traditional crafts, Camagüey has something to offer every visitor. So, fasten your seatbelt and get ready to embark on an exciting journey through the colorful and dynamic city of Camagüey!

Key Takeaways:

  • Camagüey, Cuba, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site with a maze-like street layout, birthplace of ballet in Cuba, and a rich history of independence. Its vibrant culture and warm locals make it a must-visit destination.
  • From iconic tinajones to delicious cuisine and stunning architecture, Camagüey is a city bursting with creativity and charm. Its festivals, beaches, and cultural heritage offer unforgettable experiences for visitors.
Table of Contents

Cradle of Cuban Independence

Camagüey played a significant role in the fight for Cuban independence. It was the birthplace of multiple influential figures in the struggle, including Ignacio Agramonte and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

The historic center of Camagüey is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. Its well-preserved colonial architecture and layout showcase the city’s beauty and cultural significance.

Maze-like Streets

Camagüey is known for its intricate street layout, designed to confuse and deter pirates and invaders. The twisting and turning streets create a unique and charming atmosphere.

Birthplace of Tinajones

Tinajones, large earthenware water jars, are an iconic symbol of Camagüey. They were traditionally used to collect rainwater and are now a distinctive feature of the city’s aesthetic.

Unique Cuisine

Camagüey is renowned for its delicious cuisine. Try local specialties like “ajo criollo” (garlic and pork dish), “yuca con mojo” (yucca with garlic sauce), and “pastelitos de Caril” (meat pastries).

Birthplace of Ballet in Cuba

Camagüey is considered the birthplace of ballet in Cuba. The world-renowned National Ballet School of Cuba was first established here by Vicentina de la Torre.

Charming Plazas

The city boasts numerous picturesque plazas, filled with beautiful colonial architecture, vibrant colors, and bustling activity. The main square, Plaza del Carmen, is a must-visit.

Cultural and Artistic Hub

Camagüey is a hub of creativity, with a thriving art scene. Many famous painters, sculptors, writers, and musicians hail from this city.

Birthplace of Cuban Zarzuela

Zarzuela, a traditional Spanish musical theater form, found a home in Camagüey. The city has a rich zarzuela tradition and hosts performances throughout the year.

Birthplace of Ignacio Agramonte

Ignacio Agramonte, one of the key leaders in Cuba’s struggle for independence, was born in Camagüey. His heroic actions earned him the nickname “Cuban Achilles.”

Historic Fortresses

Camagüey is home to several well-preserved fortresses, such as the San Pedro Fortress and San Juan de Dios Castle, which showcase the city’s strategic importance in the past.

Independent Republic of Camagüey

In 1869, Camagüey declared itself an independent republic during the Ten Years’ War against Spanish colonial rule. Although short-lived, it symbolizes the city’s long-standing fight for freedom.

Birthplace of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, known as the “Father of the Homeland,” was born in Camagüey. He initiated the first Cuban independence movement in 1868.

Home to a Thriving Theater Scene

Camagüey boasts a vibrant theater scene, with numerous theaters showcasing both traditional and contemporary plays, musicals, and performances.

Celebrating San Juan Camagüeyano

Camagüey hosts an annual festival called San Juan Camagüeyano, a vibrant celebration featuring parades, live music, dance, and cultural events.

Birthplace of Renowned Artists

Camagüey has given birth to many talented artists, including painters Fidelio Ponce de León and Flora Fong, renowned sculptor Martha Jiménez, and playwright Abelardo Estorino.

Colorful Street Art

The streets of Camagüey are adorned with vibrant and eye-catching street art, showcasing the creativity and artistic expression of the local community.

Cultural Capital of Cuba

Camagüey has been designated as the Cultural Capital of Cuba, recognizing its rich artistic heritage, cultural diversity, and contributions to the country’s cultural landscape.

Museo Provincial Ignacio Agramonte

The Museo Provincial Ignacio Agramonte is a must-visit attraction. It houses an extensive collection of artifacts, paintings, and memorabilia related to the history and culture of Camagüey.

Birthplace of Cuban Literature

Camagüey has produced many influential writers and poets, contributing greatly to Cuban literature. Notable literary figures from the city include Nicolás Guillén and Gertrudis Gómez de Avellaneda.

El Salvador Church

The stunning El Salvador Church is one of Camagüey’s most iconic landmarks. Its intricate Baroque architecture and ornate interior make it a must-see attraction.

Traditional Handicrafts

Camagüey is known for its traditional handicrafts, including pottery, leatherwork, and intricate lace-making. Explore the local markets to find unique and authentic souvenirs.

Casa Natal de Ignacio Agramonte

The Casa Natal de Ignacio Agramonte is the birthplace of Ignacio Agramonte, now turned into a museum dedicated to his life and the struggle for Cuban independence.

Eclectic Architecture

Camagüey is a melting pot of architectural styles, ranging from Spanish colonial to neoclassical. The diversity of architectural influences adds to the city’s unique charm.

Birthplace of Ballet Nacional de Cuba

The internationally acclaimed Ballet Nacional de Cuba, founded by Alicia Alonso, originates from Camagüey. It has become one of the world’s most prestigious ballet companies.

Plaza de los Trabajadores

Plaza de los Trabajadores is a vibrant square in Camagüey, often hosting cultural events, live music performances, and gatherings of locals and tourists.

Birthplace of Fernando Ortiz

Fernando Ortiz, a prominent Cuban ethnologist and scholar, was born in Camagüey. His groundbreaking work on Afro-Cuban culture and his advocacy for racial equality left a lasting legacy.

Delicious Cuban Coffee

Camagüey is known for producing some of the finest Cuban coffee. Savor a cup of rich and aromatic coffee at one of the charming local cafés.

Birthplace of the Traditional Dance Form Tumba Francesa

Tumba Francesa, a traditional Afro-Cuban dance and music style, originated in Camagüey. It incorporates elements of French and African cultures and is still performed today.

Museo Casa Natal de Carlos Manuel de Céspedes

The Museo Casa Natal de Carlos Manuel de Céspedes is dedicated to the life and legacy of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, showcasing his crucial role in Cuba’s fight for independence.

Stunning Beaches Nearby

Camagüey is not only known for its captivating cityscape but also for its proximity to beautiful beaches. Enjoy the pristine white sands and sparkling turquoise waters of Playa Santa Lucía.

Birthplace of Carlos Acosta

Carlos Acosta, one of the world’s most renowned ballet dancers, was born in Camagüey. His extraordinary talent has earned him international acclaim and numerous accolades.

Delicious Traditional Sweets

Indulge in Camagüey’s mouthwatering selection of traditional sweets, such as “merenguitos” (meringues) and “cajetillas” (coconut-based sweets).

Museo de la Ciudad de Camagüey

The Museo de la Ciudad de Camagüey is housed in a beautifully restored colonial mansion. It exhibits artifacts and artworks that showcase the city’s cultural heritage.

Birthplace of Mario Cimarro

Mario Cimarro, a Cuban actor known for his role in the telenovela “Gata Salvaje,” was born in Camagüey. He has gained popularity both in Cuba and internationally.

Festivals and Carnivals

Camagüey hosts lively festivals and carnivals throughout the year, showcasing the city’s vibrant music, dance, and cultural traditions.

Birthplace of Lydia Cabrera

Lydia Cabrera, a renowned writer and anthropologist, was born in Camagüey. Her work on Afro-Cuban culture and religion has significantly contributed to the study of Cuban identity.

Centro de Convenciones Santa Cecilia

The Centro de Convenciones Santa Cecilia is a modern convention center in Camagüey, hosting conferences, exhibitions, and cultural events.

Birthplace of Wilfredo Lam

Wilfredo Lam, a renowned Cuban painter and sculptor, was born in Camagüey. His distinctive style fuses modernism with Afro-Cuban imagery.

Céspedes Park

Céspedes Park is the main square of Camagüey, surrounded by beautiful architecture, shops, restaurants, and the iconic Ignacio Agramonte statue.

Birthplace of Gloria Rolando

Gloria Rolando, an award-winning Cuban filmmaker and documentarian, was born in Camagüey. Her works explore Afro-Cuban history and culture.

The Heart of Camagüeyanos

Camagüeyanos, the locals of Camagüey, are known for their warmth, friendliness, and love for their city. Their pride in their cultural heritage is evident in their daily lives.

These 42 facts about Camagüey only scratch the surface of the city’s rich history, vibrant culture, and undeniable charm. Exploring this captivating destination will undoubtedly leave you with lifelong memories and a deeper appreciation for Cuba’s cultural heritage.


Camagüey is a city rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. With its charming colonial architecture, vibrant arts scene, and warm hospitality, there is no shortage of reasons to visit this hidden gem in Cuba. Whether you’re exploring the winding streets of the historic center, admiring the stunning clay pots known as tinajones, or immersing yourself in the local traditions and festivals, Camagüey offers a unique and authentic experience that will leave a lasting impression. So, pack your bags and get ready to uncover the wonders of Camagüey!


Q: What is the best time to visit Camagüey?

A: The best time to visit Camagüey is during the dry season, which spans from November to April. The weather is pleasant with fewer chances of rainfall, making it ideal for exploring the city and its surrounding attractions.

Q: How do I get to Camagüey?

A: Camagüey has an international airport, Ignacio Agramonte International Airport, which receives flights from major cities in Cuba and some international destinations. Alternatively, you can also reach Camagüey by bus or car from other cities in Cuba.

Q: What are some must-visit attractions in Camagüey?

A: Some must-visit attractions in Camagüey include the historic center, declared a UNESCO World Heritage site, Plaza San Juan de Dios, the Birthplace of Ignacio Agramonte, the Tinajón Park, and the Camagüey Ballet Company.

Q: Can I try the local cuisine in Camagüey?

A: Absolutely! Camagüey is known for its unique culinary traditions. Don’t miss the opportunity to try local dishes such as ajiaco, a hearty stew, or the famous cheese from the region.

Q: Are there any festivals or events in Camagüey?

A: Yes, Camagüey is renowned for its lively festivals and cultural events. The San Juan Camagüeyano Festival in June and the Fiesta de los Tinajones in October are among the most popular events where you can experience the vibrant culture and traditions of the city.

Was this page helpful?

Our commitment to delivering trustworthy and engaging content is at the heart of what we do. Each fact on our site is contributed by real users like you, bringing a wealth of diverse insights and information. To ensure the highest standards of accuracy and reliability, our dedicated editors meticulously review each submission. This process guarantees that the facts we share are not only fascinating but also credible. Trust in our commitment to quality and authenticity as you explore and learn with us.