Malory Speer

Malory Speer

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


Aktau, also known as Shevchenko, is a vibrant and picturesque city located on the shores of the Caspian Sea in Kazakhstan. With a rich history and a unique cultural heritage, Aktau has become a popular tourist destination in recent years. From its stunning beaches and scenic landscapes to its modern infrastructure and diverse population, there is a lot to explore and discover in this fascinating city.

In this article, we will dive into 41 interesting facts about Aktau that will give you a deeper understanding of its history, culture, and attractions. Whether you are planning a visit, curious about the city, or simply want to expand your knowledge, these facts will provide you with a comprehensive insight into the wonders of Aktau. So, let’s embark on this journey and uncover the hidden treasures of this remarkable city!

Table of Contents

Aktau is the largest city in western Kazakhstan.

Aktau, also known as Shevchenko, is the capital of the Mangystau Region and serves as an important industrial and cultural hub in the country.

The name “Aktau” translates to “white mountain” in Kazakh.

The city got its name from the nearby chalky cliffs, which create a stunning contrast against the deep blue waters of the Caspian Sea.

Aktau is located on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea.

This strategic coastal location has made Aktau a significant center for oil and gas exploration and production.

The city experiences a continental desert climate.

Aktau is characterized by hot, dry summers and mild winters, with very little precipitation throughout the year.

Aktau is known for its unique architecture.

The city showcases a blend of Soviet-era structures and modern architectural designs, making it visually interesting for visitors and residents alike.

Aktau is home to the Mangystau Regional Museum.

This museum showcases the rich history and cultural heritage of the Mangystau Region, including exhibits on ancient civilizations, geological formations, and local flora and fauna.

The city is a gateway to the stunning landscapes of the Mangystau Peninsula.

Travelers can explore the otherworldly beauty of the Ustyurt Plateau, the canyons of the Sharyn Gol, and the eerie formations of the Boszhira Valley.

Aktau is a melting pot of different ethnicities.

The population of Aktau consists of Kazakhs, Russians, Ukrainians, Uzbeks, Tatars, and other nationalities, contributing to a rich cultural diversity.

The city is a major transportation hub.

Aktau has an international airport with flights to various domestic and international destinations, connecting the city to the rest of the world.

Aktau is known for its vibrant music and arts scene.

The city hosts a variety of cultural events, including music festivals, art exhibitions, and theatrical performances, showcasing the local talent and creativity.

Aktau has a thriving fishing industry.

Due to its proximity to the Caspian Sea, the city has a rich abundance of fish species, and fishing plays an important role in the local economy.

The main economic sectors in Aktau are oil, gas, and mining.

The city is surrounded by oil and gas fields, and numerous international energy companies have operations in the area.

Aktau has a well-developed education system.

The city is home to several universities, technical schools, and research institutes, providing quality education to students from both Kazakhstan and abroad.

The Aktau Botanical Garden is a popular attraction.

Visitors can explore a vast collection of plant species, including unique flora native to the region.

Aktau has a thriving sports culture.

The city is home to several sports clubs and facilities, promoting a healthy and active lifestyle among its residents.

Aktau is surrounded by beautiful beaches.

The city offers opportunities for swimming, sunbathing, and water sports, making it a popular destination for beach lovers.

The annual Aktau Summer Fest attracts visitors from all over the country.

This music and cultural festival features live performances by local and international artists, food stalls, and a lively atmosphere.

Aktau has a rich archaeological heritage.

The region is dotted with ancient settlements and burial mounds, providing valuable insights into the history of the area.

The Aktau Central Mosque is a prominent religious landmark.

It serves as a place of worship for the Muslim community and showcases stunning Islamic architecture.

Aktau is known for its delicious seafood.

Visitors can savor a variety of fresh and flavorful seafood dishes, including local specialties like sturgeon and Caspian herring.

The city has a vibrant nightlife scene.

There are numerous bars, clubs, and lounges where residents and visitors can enjoy music, dancing, and socializing.

The Aktau City Park is a popular recreational spot.

With its green spaces, walking paths, and playgrounds, the park offers a peaceful retreat for people of all ages.

Aktau is known for its high-quality salt production.

The city boasts salt mines and salt flats, producing pure and mineral-rich salt used in various industries and culinary purposes.

Aktau has a well-maintained road network.

Traveling within the city and to nearby attractions is convenient due to the well-connected roads and highways.

The Aktau International Jazz Festival is held annually.

This musical extravaganza brings together jazz enthusiasts and renowned musicians from around the world.

The Aktau Theater of Musical Comedy offers entertaining performances.

From comedic operas to musical theater productions, this theater delights audiences with its talented performers.

Aktau has a strong sense of community.

The residents of Aktau are known for their warm hospitality and closely-knit relationships, creating a friendly and welcoming atmosphere.

Aktau is a popular destination for water-based activities.

Visitors can enjoy sailing, yachting, and jet skiing in the Caspian Sea, taking advantage of the city’s coastal location.

The Aktau Central Park is a popular spot for outdoor gatherings.

With its picturesque views, picnic areas, and recreational facilities, it is a favorite place for families and friends to spend leisure time.

Aktau is a gateway to the Kazakh Ustyurt Plateau.

Travelers can embark on thrilling adventures, exploring the unique geological formations, canyons, and wildlife of this remote and untouched region.

The Aktau City Mosque is the largest mosque in the city.

It serves as a spiritual and cultural center, hosting religious ceremonies and community events.

Aktau has a well-developed healthcare system.

The city is equipped with modern medical facilities and a network of hospitals and clinics, ensuring quality healthcare services for residents and visitors.

Aktau is a popular location for film and photo shoots.

The city’s unique architecture, contrasting landscapes, and stunning coastline make it a preferred choice for filmmakers and photographers.

The Aktau City Library houses a vast collection of books and resources.

It provides a quiet and serene environment for reading and research, catering to the intellectual needs of the community.

Aktau is a great place for outdoor enthusiasts.

The city offers opportunities for hiking, camping, and exploring the natural wonders of the surrounding area.

The Aktau Youth Theater nurtures young talent in the performing arts.

It provides a platform for aspiring actors, dancers, and musicians to showcase their skills and creativity.

Aktau is a center for shipbuilding and repair.

The city is equipped with shipyards and dry docks, catering to the needs of the maritime industry.

The Aktau City Stadium hosts various sports events.

From football matches to athletics competitions, the stadium is a venue for local and national sporting events.

Aktau is well-connected to neighboring cities.

There are regular bus and train services that connect Aktau to other key destinations in Kazakhstan.

The Aktau Planetarium offers educational and entertaining programs.

Visitors can learn about astronomy, space exploration, and the wonders of the universe through interactive exhibits and shows.

Aktau has stunning sunsets over the Caspian Sea.

The city’s coastal location provides a perfect vantage point to witness mesmerizing sunsets that paint the sky with vibrant hues.

These 41 facts about Aktau highlight the city’s rich history, unique attractions, and vibrant cultural scene. Whether it’s exploring the natural wonders of the Mangystau Peninsula, immersing in the local arts and music scene, or indulging in the delectable seafood, Aktau has something to offer for every visitor. Plan your trip to Aktau and discover the hidden gems of this captivating city!


Aktau is a fascinating city with a rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning natural beauty. From its unique location on the shores of the Caspian Sea to its modern infrastructure and booming economy, Aktau has much to offer residents and visitors alike. Whether you’re interested in exploring the nearby natural wonders, immersing yourself in the local art and music scene, or simply enjoying the city’s warm hospitality, Aktau is sure to leave a lasting impression.


1. What is the population of Aktau?

Aktau has a population of approximately XXXX residents.

2. How do I get to Aktau?

Aktau is well-connected by air, with regular flights from major cities. There are also train and bus options available for those traveling within Kazakhstan.

3. What are the must-visit attractions in Aktau?

Some of the must-visit attractions in Aktau include the Mangyshlak Peninsula, the Karagiye Depression, and the Aktau Mountains. Additionally, the city itself boasts beautiful parks, museums, and architectural landmarks.

4. Is it safe to visit Aktau?

Aktau is considered to be a safe city for tourists. However, it’s always important to take basic safety precautions and be aware of your surroundings.

5. What is the best time to visit Aktau?

The best time to visit Aktau is during the spring and autumn months, when the weather is pleasant and there are fewer tourists. Summers can be hot, while winters can be cold and snowy.

6. Are there accommodations available in Aktau?

Aktau has a range of accommodations, including hotels, guesthouses, and serviced apartments, to suit different budgets and preferences.

7. Are there any local specialties or dishes to try in Aktau?

Aktau is known for its delicious seafood, especially the fresh Caspian caviar. Traditional Kazakh dishes, such as beshbarmak and kazy, are also popular options.

8. Can I explore the surrounding natural areas from Aktau?

Yes, Aktau is a great base for exploring the nearby natural wonders, including the deserts, canyons, and mountains of the Mangyshlak Peninsula. Guided tours and local transportation options are available for those interested in outdoor adventures.

9. Are there any cultural events or festivals in Aktau?

Aktau hosts various cultural events and festivals throughout the year, showcasing local music, art, and traditions. The Aktau City Day celebration in August is particularly lively and popular.

10. Can I find shopping and entertainment options in Aktau?

Aktau has a range of shopping malls, markets, and entertainment venues where you can shop for local products, enjoy delicious food, and experience the vibrant nightlife.