Erminie Warnick

Written by Erminie Warnick

Modified & Updated: 29 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Welcome to the beautiful province of Bengkulu, located on the western coast of Sumatra in Indonesia. This enchanting province is rich in history, culture, and natural wonders that are bound to captivate any visitor. From its stunning beaches and lush forests to its fascinating historical landmarks and unique cultural heritage, Bengkulu offers a truly unforgettable experience.

In this article, we will delve into 32 fascinating facts about Bengkulu that will not only give you a deeper understanding of this remarkable province but also entice you to explore its hidden gems. So, get ready to embark on a virtual journey as we uncover the wonders of Bengkulu, taking you through its history, geography, attractions, local traditions, and much more.

Key Takeaways:

  • Discover the vibrant city of Bengkulu, Indonesia, known for its rich history, beautiful beaches, and delicious local cuisine. Explore the cultural heritage and natural wonders of this coastal gem.
  • Immerse yourself in Bengkulu’s diverse traditions, from traditional dances and music to annual festivals celebrating the iconic Rafflesia flower. Experience the city’s maritime heritage and breathtaking hilltop views.
Table of Contents

The city of Bengkulu is located on the western coast of Sumatra.

Bengkulu is a coastal city in Indonesia, situated on the western coast of Sumatra island.

Bengkulu is known for its rich history and cultural heritage.

The city has a long and diverse history, influenced by indigenous tribes, Arab traders, and European colonizers.

The name “Bengkulu” is believed to have originated from the word “Bengkolo”, meaning “tin.”

The city was a center for tin mining during the colonial era.

Bengkulu has a tropical climate with high humidity and rainfall throughout the year.

The city experiences a warm and humid climate, typical of tropical regions.

Bengkulu is home to the beautiful Panjang Beach.

Panjang Beach is a popular tourist destination, known for its stunning views and white sandy shores.

The city has a vibrant culinary scene, offering delicious local dishes.

Food lovers can indulge in a variety of traditional Bengkulu dishes, such as “gulai ikan patin” (fish curry) and “sate kulit” (skin satay).

Bengkulu is famous for its traditional dance called “Reog.”

The Reog dance is a traditional performing art that originated from the area and is often performed during cultural events.

Bengkulu is known as the “City of Rafflesia.”

The city is home to the largest flower in the world, the Rafflesia arnoldii, which can be found in the nearby Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park.

The local language spoken in Bengkulu is Bengkulu Malay.

Bengkulu Malay is the main language used by the local population, alongside Indonesian.

Bengkulu was once a major trading center during the Srivijaya Empire.

The city played a significant role as a trading hub in the maritime kingdom of Srivijaya, which flourished in Southeast Asia from the 7th to the 13th century.

Bengkulu has several historical landmarks, including Fort Marlborough.

Fort Marlborough, built by the British East India Company in the 18th century, is a well-preserved historical site that offers a glimpse into the city’s colonial past.

Bengkulu is known for its traditional handicrafts, such as handwoven fabrics and woodcarvings.

Local artisans create intricate handwoven fabrics and beautifully carved wooden crafts, showcasing the city’s rich cultural heritage.

Bengkulu hosts an annual festival called “Tabot.”

The Tabot festival is a cultural celebration held by the local community to commemorate the day of Ashura in the Islamic calendar.

The city is surrounded by lush greenery and natural attractions.

Bengkulu boasts beautiful landscapes, with nearby attractions like Mount Kaba and the enchanting Kerinci Seblat National Park.

Bengkulu is a melting pot of different ethnicities and cultures.

The city is home to diverse ethnic groups, including the Bengkulu, Javanese, Chinese, and Minangkabau communities.

Bengkulu was the first province in Indonesia to implement the Free Primary Education program.

As a pioneer in education, Bengkulu has made significant efforts to promote accessible education for all.

The traditional attire in Bengkulu is known as “Bundo Kanduang.”

Bundo Kanduang is a traditional dress worn by women during special occasions and cultural ceremonies.

Bengkulu is a paradise for birdwatchers.

The region is home to various unique bird species, making it a popular destination for bird enthusiasts.

The city has a strong maritime heritage.

With its strategic coastal location, Bengkulu has a rich maritime history, including traditional fishing and trading activities.

Bengkulu’s economy is mainly driven by agriculture, mining, and tourism.

The region’s fertile land supports agriculture, while mining activities contribute to its economic growth.

Bengkulu holds an annual cultural event called “Festival Bahari.”

The Festival Bahari showcases the city’s maritime heritage through various cultural performances and exhibitions.

Bengkulu is famous for its durian fruits.

The city is renowned for its delicious and aromatic durian fruits, attracting durian lovers from near and far.

Bengkulu has a unique traditional dance called “Tari Pasambahan.”

Tari Pasambahan is a traditional dance performed to express gratitude and appreciation for nature’s blessings.

The city hosts an annual marathon event called “Bengkulu Marathon.”

The Bengkulu Marathon attracts both local and international participants, providing a scenic route through the city’s picturesque landscapes.

Bengkulu is known for its beautiful handicrafts made from bamboo and rattan.

Local artisans use bamboo and rattan to create intricate handicrafts, including baskets, furniture, and home decor items.

Bengkulu has a strong traditional music scene.

The city is home to various traditional music genres, including “angklung” and “gendang pencak.”

Bengkulu is a gateway to exploring the natural wonders of the Bukit Barisan mountain range.

The city serves as a perfect starting point for adventurers looking to explore the stunning landscapes and biodiversity of the Bukit Barisan mountain range.

Bengkulu has a diverse range of flora and fauna.

The region is known for its rich biodiversity, with numerous species of plants, animals, and marine life.

The city has preserved its traditional dance and music through different cultural groups and organizations.

Various cultural groups and organizations in Bengkulu actively promote and preserve the traditional dance and music forms of the region.

Bengkulu celebrates an annual festival called “Rafflesia Festival.”

The Rafflesia Festival is a celebration of the iconic Rafflesia flower, showcasing its beauty and significance in Bengkulu’s ecosystem.

Bengkulu offers breathtaking views from its hilltop viewpoints.

Visitors can enjoy panoramic views of the city and surrounding landscapes from picturesque hilltop viewpoints.

Bengkulu is famous for its traditional dish called “Ikan Patin Tempoyak.”

Ikan Patin Tempoyak is a local delicacy made from catfish cooked in a special fermented durian sauce.


Bengkulu is a fascinating city with a rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking natural beauty. From its pristine beaches and picturesque landscapes to its historical sites and vibrant festivals, Bengkulu offers a unique experience for visitors. Whether you’re a history enthusiast, nature lover, or someone simply looking to immerse yourself in a new and exciting destination, Bengkulu has something to offer for everyone.

With its charming charm, welcoming locals, and a plethora of attractions, Bengkulu is definitely a hidden gem waiting to be discovered. So, pack your bags and embark on an adventure to Bengkulu to explore its wonders and create unforgettable memories.


1. What is the best time to visit Bengkulu?
The best time to visit Bengkulu is during the dry season which is from May to September. During this time, the weather is pleasant and perfect for outdoor activities.

2. How do I get to Bengkulu?
You can reach Bengkulu by air through Fatmawati Soekarno Airport, which is well-connected to major cities in Indonesia. Alternatively, you can also travel by bus or car from nearby cities.

3. What are the must-visit attractions in Bengkulu?
Some of the must-visit attractions in Bengkulu include Fort Marlborough, Pantai Tikus Emas, Taman Kepiting, and Enggano Island. These sites offer a glimpse into the city’s history, natural beauty, and local culture.

4. Are there any cultural festivals in Bengkulu?
Yes, Bengkulu is known for its vibrant festivals such as Tabot Festival and Rafflesia Flower Festival. These festivals showcase the cultural heritage and traditions of the local communities.

5. What are the unique dishes to try in Bengkulu?
When visiting Bengkulu, don’t miss trying the local delicacies like Pempek Belida, Mie Tek-Tek, and Kemplang. These dishes offer a blend of flavors that will tantalize your taste buds.

6. Is Bengkulu a safe city for tourists?
Bengkulu is generally a safe city for tourists. However, it is always advised to take necessary precautions like staying in well-lit areas, avoiding isolated places at night, and keeping an eye on personal belongings.

Bengkulu's rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning landscapes make it a captivating destination. If you're fascinated by iconic historical sites like the Leaning Tower of Pisa, charmed by the allure of pristine beaches such as those found in Virginia Beach, or intrigued by the diverse wonders of Sumatra, as showcased in the city of Medan, then exploring more about these remarkable places will surely pique your interest. Each destination offers a unique blend of history, natural beauty, and cultural experiences that will leave you inspired and eager to discover more.

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