Benita Wiener

Written by Benita Wiener

Modified & Updated: 03 Mar 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Natural resources are the building blocks of our planet’s ecosystem and the foundation of our civilization. From the air we breathe to the water we drink, and the fuels that power our homes and industries, natural resources are essential for our survival and progress. However, there is much more to these resources than meets the eye. In this article, we will explore 19 enigmatic facts about natural resources that will leave you amazed and intrigued. From the astonishing diversity of plants and animals to the intricate interconnectedness of ecosystems, prepare to embark on a journey that will deepen your appreciation and understanding of the wonders of the natural world. So, let’s dive in and unlock the secrets of these fascinating resources!

Key Takeaways:

  • The Earth’s natural resources, like water and forests, are vital for our survival. We must protect and conserve them to ensure a sustainable future for all living beings.
  • Renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, are crucial for reducing our impact on the environment and combating climate change. Embracing these sustainable alternatives is key to a healthier planet.
Table of Contents

The Earth’s oceans hold 97% of all water on the planet.

Did you know that only 3% of the Earth’s water is freshwater? The vast majority, about 97%, is found in the Earth’s oceans, making them a critical natural resource for our planet.

Diamonds are formed under extreme pressure and heat.

Have you ever wondered how diamonds are created? These precious gems are formed deep within the Earth’s mantle, under intense pressure and high temperatures, over millions of years.

The Amazon Rainforest produces 20% of the world’s oxygen.

Often referred to as the “lungs of the Earth,” the Amazon Rainforest plays a crucial role in producing oxygen. It is estimated that this vast tropical rainforest generates about 20% of the world’s oxygen supply.

Renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power, are key to a sustainable future.

As we strive towards a sustainable future, the utilization of renewable energy sources becomes increasingly important. Solar power, wind power, and other forms of renewable energy play a crucial role in reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and mitigating climate change.

The world’s largest natural gas reserves are located in Russia.

Russia boasts the largest natural gas reserves in the world. These vast reserves have positioned Russia as a major player in the global energy market.

Over 80% of the world’s forests have been destroyed or degraded.

Deforestation and degradation pose significant threats to our natural resources. It is alarming to note that more than 80% of the world’s forests have already been destroyed or degraded due to various human activities.

Freshwater is a scarce resource, with less than 1% of the Earth’s water readily available for human use.

While water covers around 70% of the Earth’s surface, freshwater resources are scarce. Less than 1% of the Earth’s water is easily accessible for human use, highlighting the importance of conserving and managing this precious resource.

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living structure on Earth.

Stretching over 2,300 kilometers, the Great Barrier Reef off the coast of Australia is not only a natural wonder but also the largest living structure on the planet. It is home to a diverse array of marine life and is of immense ecological significance.

Natural gas is the cleanest-burning fossil fuel.

When compared to other fossil fuels like coal and oil, natural gas is considered the cleanest-burning option. It releases fewer greenhouse gases and pollutants, making it a relatively cleaner source of energy.

Water scarcity affects over 40% of the global population.

While water covers a significant portion of the Earth, scarcity is a growing concern. More than 40% of the world’s population faces water scarcity, directly impacting their access to clean water for drinking and sanitation.

The Dead Sea is the saltiest body of water on Earth.

Located between Jordan and Israel, the Dead Sea has the highest concentration of salt compared to any other body of water on Earth. Its salt content is so high that people can effortlessly float on its surface.

Hydropower accounts for approximately 16% of global electricity production.

Hydropower, generated by harnessing the energy of flowing or falling water, is a significant contributor to global electricity production. It provides around 16% of the world’s electricity, making it a vital renewable energy source.

There are over 5,000 known minerals on Earth.

The Earth boasts a rich variety of minerals, with over 5,000 known mineral species identified to date. These minerals serve as the building blocks for rocks and play essential roles in various industrial and scientific applications.

Overfishing threatens marine biodiversity and ecosystems.

Overfishing, the excessive harvesting of fish and other marine species, poses a severe threat to marine biodiversity and ecosystems. Sustainable fishing practices are crucial to maintain the balance of aquatic ecosystems and protect vulnerable species.

The Earth’s magnetic field protects us from harmful solar radiation.

The Earth is surrounded by a magnetic field that acts as a protective shield against harmful solar radiation. This natural resource shields our planet and enables life to thrive by redirecting harmful particles away from the Earth’s surface.

Plants provide essential medicines and compounds for various treatments.

Plants are a valuable natural resource, providing us with essential medicines and therapeutic compounds. Many commonly used drugs, such as aspirin and antibiotics, have their origins in plant-based derivatives.

The ozone layer protects life on Earth by absorbing harmful UV radiation.

The ozone layer, located in the Earth’s stratosphere, plays a critical role in protecting life on our planet. It absorbs much of the Sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation, preventing it from reaching the Earth’s surface and causing damage to living organisms.

Minerals are essential for the production of various everyday items.

Minerals are not only important for industrial applications but also for the production of everyday items. From smartphones and cars to jewelry and household appliances, minerals are crucial components of many products we rely on daily.

Carbon capture and storage technologies help reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies play a significant role in mitigating climate change. They capture and store carbon dioxide emissions from power plants and industrial sources, preventing them from entering the atmosphere and contributing to global warming.


In conclusion, natural resources play a vital role in our everyday lives. From providing us with energy and essential raw materials to supporting biodiversity and the ecosystems that sustain us, natural resources are truly enigmatic. Exploring the depths of our planet and understanding how we can responsibly manage these resources is crucial for the future of our planet and humanity.

By delving into the intriguing facts surrounding natural resources, we gain a greater appreciation for the wonders of our planet and the delicate balance that exists within it. From the awe-inspiring diversity of flora and fauna to the hidden treasures beneath the Earth’s surface, natural resources continue to surprise and fascinate us.

So let us embrace the opportunity to learn more about these enigmatic resources and strive to protect and manage them in a sustainable way. Only by doing so can we ensure a brighter future for ourselves and future generations.


Q: What are natural resources?

A: Natural resources are the materials or substances that exist in nature and are used by humans for various purposes. These resources can be categorized into renewable, non-renewable, and flow resources.

Q: Why are natural resources important?

A: Natural resources are essential for our daily lives as they provide us with energy, food, water, medicines, and materials for construction and manufacturing. They also support ecosystems and contribute to the overall health of the planet.

Q: What are some examples of natural resources?

A: Examples of natural resources include water, air, minerals, forests, wildlife, sunlight, wind, and fossil fuels such as coal, oil, and natural gas.

Q: How can we conserve natural resources?

A: Conservation of natural resources can be achieved through sustainable practices such as reducing waste, recycling, practicing responsible consumption, promoting renewable energy sources, and protecting ecosystems.

Q: Are natural resources unlimited?

A: No, not all natural resources are unlimited. Some resources, such as fossil fuels, are non-renewable and can be depleted over time. It is essential to manage and utilize natural resources responsibly to ensure their availability for future generations.

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