Modified & Updated: 23 Sep 2023

blue sapphire on black stone background

Sapphires, with their mesmerizing hues and timeless elegance, have captivated humanity for centuries. This precious gemstone, often associated with royalty and luxury, possesses a unique allure that makes it highly sought after. In this article, we will unravel the enigmatic beauty of sapphires and explore 19 intriguing facts that will deepen your appreciation for this magnificent gem.

Table of Contents

Origins of the Name

Derived from the Latin word “sapphirus” and the Greek word “sappheiros,” the name sapphire translates to “blue stone.” However, sapphires are not limited to the color blue. They can also occur in a mesmerizing spectrum of colors such as pink, yellow, green, purple, and even colorless.

Members of the Corundum Family

Sapphires belong to the corundum family, which includes rubies as well. Corundum is a crystalline form of aluminum oxide, and it is the second hardest natural mineral after diamond, ranking 9 on the Mohs scale of hardness.

Blue, the Most Prized Hue

While sapphires can display a variety of colors, blue sapphires are the most renowned and highly prized. Their alluring shades of blue range from pale pastel to deep velvety blue, with the most sought-after being a rich royal blue.

Round blue sapphire isolated on black background
Image from Adobe Stock

Symbolism and Associations

Throughout history, sapphires have been associated with wisdom, nobility, and divine favor. They have adorned the robes of kings and queens, symbolizing power and protection. In ancient times, it was believed that sapphires protected their wearers from envy and harm.

Celestial Connections

Sapphires have been associated with the celestial realm for centuries. In many cultures, they were believed to be fragments of the heavens, lending them a mystical aura. Ancient civilizations revered sapphires as sacred stones, connecting them to celestial deities and the mysteries of the universe.

Legends and Lore

According to Greek mythology, sapphires were considered sacred to Apollo, the god of prophecy. They were believed to grant wisdom and enlightenment to those who sought divine guidance. In folklore, sapphires were said to preserve chastity, promote fidelity, and protect against evil spirits.

Treasured by Royalty

Sapphires have long been treasured by royalty and aristocracy. The British Crown Jewels boast several magnificent sapphires, including the famous St. Edward’s Sapphire set in the Imperial State Crown. These regal gemstones have adorned crowns, tiaras, and royal jewelry for generations.

Sapphires in Art and Literature

Sapphires have inspired countless artists and writers throughout history. They have been immortalized in paintings, sculptures, and literary works as symbols of beauty and wisdom. Notable examples include Vincent van Gogh’s “Starry Night” and the sapphire-engraved stories of Arabian Nights.

The Starry Phenomenon

Certain sapphires exhibit a rare optical phenomenon known as asterism or the “star effect.” This mesmerizing phenomenon occurs when needle-like inclusions align within the stone, reflecting light to create a star-shaped pattern. Star sapphires are highly prized and considered collector’s gems.

Sapphire Mining Locations

Sapphires are found in various parts of the world, with notable mining locations including Kashmir, Myanmar (formerly Burma), Sri Lanka, Madagascar, Australia, and the United States. Each region produces sapphires with distinct characteristics, such as Kashmir sapphires’ legendary velvety blue color.

Closeup of a bunch of many blue rough uncut sapphire crystals
Image from Adobe Stock

Treatments and Enhancements

To enhance their color and clarity, sapphires often undergo treatments such as heat treatment, which is considered a standard industry practice. This process improves the gemstone’s color intensity and overall appearance while maintaining its natural properties.

The Padparadscha Mystery

Among the rarest and most valuable sapphires is the Padparadscha, characterized by its delicate blend of pink and orange hues. Its name, derived from the Sinhalese word for “lotus blossom,” evokes images of its enchanting colors reminiscent of a tropical sunset.

Sapphires as Engagement Rings

Sapphires have gained popularity as alternatives to traditional diamond engagement rings. The choice of a sapphire engagement ring symbolizes uniqueness, elegance, and a departure from conventional norms. Prince Charles famously proposed to Princess Diana with a blue sapphire engagement ring, now worn by the Duchess of Cambridge, Kate Middleton.

September’s Birthstone

Sapphires hold the esteemed position of being the birthstone for the month of September. They are believed to bring good fortune, wisdom, and spiritual insight to those born during this month. They make meaningful and cherished gifts for September birthdays and other special occasions.

Durability and Versatility

With their exceptional hardness and durability, sapphires are well-suited for various jewelry applications. They are commonly used in rings, necklaces, bracelets, and earrings, adding a touch of elegance to any piece. Their versatility allows for exquisite craftsmanship and innovative designs.

Sapphire-Cutting Techniques

Master gem cutters employ various cutting techniques to maximize the brilliance and beauty of sapphires. The most popular cuts for sapphires include the oval cut, cushion cut, round brilliant cut, and emerald cut. Each cut accentuates different aspects of the gemstone’s color and clarity.

Sapphire Gemstone Pear Cut
Image from Adobe Stock

Sapphires and Zodiac Signs

Sapphires are associated with the zodiac signs of Taurus, Virgo, Libra, and Sagittarius. Wearing a sapphire is believed to enhance the positive qualities associated with these signs, such as clarity of thought, inner peace, and spiritual enlightenment.

Spiritual and Healing Properties

In alternative healing practices, sapphires are believed to possess metaphysical properties. They are thought to enhance intuition, promote mental clarity, and facilitate spiritual growth. Sapphires are also associated with calming energies and are said to alleviate stress and anxiety.

Investment Value

High-quality sapphires, particularly those with rare colors or exceptional clarity, can hold significant investment value. As with any investment, it is important to consider factors such as the gemstone’s origin, color, clarity, and overall quality. Seek guidance from reputable gemstone experts before making investment decisions.


Sapphires, with their mesmerizing colors and rich history, continue to enchant and inspire. From their celestial associations to their enduring symbolism, these precious gemstones possess a timeless allure that transcends generations. Whether adorning royal regalia or cherished as birthstone jewelry, sapphires remain an embodiment of beauty, wisdom, and the extraordinary mysteries of the natural world.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Are sapphires only blue in color?

No, while sapphires are commonly associated with blue, they can occur in various colors such as pink, yellow, green, and purple.

What is the significance of sapphires in astrology?

Sapphires are associated with qualities like clarity of thought, inner peace, and spiritual enlightenment in astrology.

Can sapphires be used in engagement rings?

Absolutely! Sapphires are increasingly popular choices for engagement rings, symbolizing uniqueness and elegance.

Do sapphires require any special care?

Sapphires are durable gemstones but should still be handled with care. Avoid exposing them to harsh chemicals and store them separately to prevent scratches.

Where can I buy authentic sapphires?

Authentic sapphires can be purchased from reputable jewelry stores, gemstone dealers, and online platforms specializing in gemstones. Always ensure proper certification and authenticity guarantees.