Written by Kai

Modified & Updated: 29 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Myanmar Shwedagon Pagoda

Myanmar, a captivating Southeast Asian country rich in history and culture, is often referred to as the “Golden Land.” From its breathtaking landscapes to its ancient temples and warm-hearted people, Myanmar offers a unique and immersive experience for travelers. In this article, we will delve into ten intriguing facts about Myanmar that will inspire your curiosity and spark a desire to explore this enchanting destination.

Table of Contents

The Land of the Golden Pagodas

Myanmar is home to an astounding number of pagodas, earning it the well-deserved title of “The Land of the Golden Pagodas.” Among them, the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon is a sight to behold. Adorned with thousands of shimmering gold plates and encrusted with precious gemstones, this sacred Buddhist site stands tall as a symbol of Myanmar’s spiritual devotion.

A Multicultural Tapestry

Myanmar boasts a rich tapestry of diverse ethnic groups and cultures. With over 135 recognized ethnic groups, each with its own distinct traditions, languages, and customs, the country is a melting pot of vibrant cultural heritage. The Bamar people form the majority, but ethnic groups such as the Shan, Karen, Chin, and Rakhine contribute to the country’s cultural diversity.

Breathtaking Bagan

The ancient city of Bagan is a testament to Myanmar’s glorious past. Home to more than 2,000 temples, pagodas, and monasteries, Bagan offers a mesmerizing landscape that seems straight out of a fairy tale. As you explore the area, the sunrises, and sunsets create a magical atmosphere, casting a golden glow over the architectural marvels and the surrounding plains.

Myanmar map
Image from Daily Sabah

Timeless Tradition of Thanaka

One cannot miss the distinctive sight of men, women, and children with creamy yellow paste on their faces in Myanmar. This traditional cosmetic, known as Thanaka, has been used for centuries. Made from grinding the bark of the Thanaka tree with water, it serves as both a natural sunscreen and a beauty product. Applying Thanaka is not only practical but also a cherished cultural tradition.

The Intha and the Floating Gardens

In the heart of Myanmar’s Shan State lies Inle Lake, a serene water body renowned for its unique lifestyle and agricultural practices. The lake is home to the Intha people, who have adapted to their environment by building floating gardens. These gardens, constructed using layers of water hyacinths and mud, enable the cultivation of crops such as tomatoes, cucumbers, and flowers. Exploring Inle Lake allows you to witness this extraordinary way of life.

The Mystical Temples of Mandalay

Mandalay, the second-largest city in Myanmar, has long been associated with spirituality and ancient traditions. The city is adorned with magnificent temples and monasteries, with the Mandalay Palace standing as a prominent landmark. The revered Mahamuni Buddha Temple houses a statue of the Buddha covered in gold leaf, attracting devotees from near and far.

Myanmar Dhammayangyi Temple
Image from Baker McKenzie

The Legendary Intha Leg Rowers

When visiting Inle Lake, you will encounter a truly remarkable sight: the leg-rowing fishermen. The Intha fishermen have perfected a unique rowing technique that involves using one leg to navigate their slender wooden boats while keeping their hands free for fishing. This extraordinary balancing act has become synonymous with the region and offers a captivating spectacle for visitors.

The Golden Rock

Perched precariously on the edge of a cliff, the Golden Rock (Kyaiktiyo Pagoda) is one of Myanmar’s most revered pilgrimage sites. Legend has it that the rock is kept in place by a single strand of the Buddha’s hair. Every year, thousands of devotees make the arduous journey to witness this miraculous sight and pay their respects.

Traditional Puppetry

Myanmar is known for its vibrant performing arts, and traditional puppetry holds a special place in the country’s cultural heritage. Puppet shows, known as “Yoke Thay,” are a delightful blend of music, storytelling, and intricate puppetry techniques. The puppets, beautifully crafted and operated by skilled puppeteers, bring Myanmar’s folklore and legends to life, providing entertainment for audiences of all ages.

Myanmar UNESCO Heritage Site
Image from Wanderlust Magazine

Glowing Gemstones of Myanmar

Myanmar has long been famous for its gemstone industry. The country is renowned for its high-quality rubies, sapphires, and jade, coveted by jewelry enthusiasts worldwide. The Mogok Valley, known as the “Valley of Rubies,” is a treasure trove of precious stones. Exploring the gem markets and witnessing the craftsmanship involved in creating exquisite jewelry is a must-do for gemstone enthusiasts.


Myanmar, the Golden Land of pagodas, cultural diversity, and captivating traditions, is a country that embraces its rich heritage while opening its doors to the world. Whether you are exploring ancient temples in Bagan, cruising along the tranquil waters of Inle Lake, or immersing yourself in the cultural tapestry of Mandalay, Myanmar offers a truly unforgettable experience.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is Myanmar safe for tourists?

Myanmar is generally considered safe for tourists. However, it is always advisable to stay informed about the current situation and follow any travel advisories or guidelines issued by your home country’s government.

What is the best time to visit Myanmar?

The best time to visit Myanmar is during the cool and dry season, which typically spans from November to February. This period offers pleasant weather, making it ideal for exploring the country’s various attractions.

Do I need a visa to visit Myanmar?

Yes, most visitors to Myanmar require a visa. It is recommended to check the visa requirements well in advance and apply accordingly through the official channels or authorized visa services.

What currency is used in Myanmar?

The official currency of Myanmar is the Burmese kyat (MMK). It is advisable to carry sufficient cash, as credit cards may not be widely accepted outside major tourist areas.

What are some traditional dishes to try in Myanmar?

Myanmar’s cuisine offers a delightful array of flavors. Some popular traditional dishes include Mohinga (a fish-based noodle soup), Tea Leaf Salad, Shan Noodles, and Burmese Curry.

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