Alia Walston

Alia Walston

Modified & Updated: 07 Oct 2023


Choy Sum, also known as Chinese flowering cabbage, is a popular vegetable in Chinese cuisine that has gained popularity worldwide. With its vibrant green leaves and delicate yellow flowers, choy sum not only adds beauty to your plate but also offers a plethora of health benefits. Whether stir-fried, steamed, or added to soups, this leafy green vegetable is known for its crisp texture and mild, slightly bitter flavor.

In this article, we will explore 17 fascinating facts about choy sum, ranging from its origin and nutritional value to cooking tips and its role in Chinese culture. So, if you’re a fan of this versatile vegetable or simply curious to learn more about it, keep reading to discover everything you need to know about choy sum!

Table of Contents

What is Choy Sum?

Choy sum, also known as Chinese flowering cabbage, is a leafy green vegetable that is commonly used in various Asian cuisines. It belongs to the Brassica rapa family, which includes other popular vegetables like bok choy and mustard greens.


Choy sum originated in China and has been cultivated for centuries. It is especially popular in Cantonese cuisine, where it is often stir-fried, steamed, or used in soups and hot pot dishes.

Nutritional Powerhouse

Choy sum is a nutritional powerhouse packed with essential vitamins and minerals. It is a great source of vitamins A, C, and K, as well as calcium and iron.

Versatility in Cooking

One of the reasons choy sum is so popular is its versatility in cooking. It can be used in a wide range of dishes, including stir-fries, salads, soups, and even pickled for a unique twist.

Tender Stems and Leafy Greens

Choy sum has tender, crisp edible stems and dark green leafy greens. Both parts of the plant are delicious and contribute different textures to dishes.

Quick and Easy to Prepare

Choy sum is quick and easy to prepare, making it a convenient choice for busy cooks. It only takes a few minutes to blanch or stir-fry to perfection.

Popular in Asian Cuisine

Choy sum is widely utilized in various Asian cuisines, including Chinese, Thai, and Vietnamese. Its mild and slightly bitter taste complements many other flavors.

Common Seasonings

When cooking choy sum, common seasonings include garlic, soy sauce, oyster sauce, and sesame oil. These ingredients enhance its natural flavors and create a delicious umami taste.

Symbol of Prosperity

In Chinese culture, choy sum is often associated with prosperity and good fortune. It is a popular vegetable to serve during festive occasions and celebrations.

Health Benefits

Choy sum is not only delicious but also offers numerous health benefits. It can support immune function, improve digestion, and promote overall wellness.

Local Farmer’s Markets

You can often find fresh and locally grown choy sum at farmer’s markets, supporting local farmers and ensuring the highest quality produce.

Choy Sum Recipes

Looking for inspiration? There are countless choy sum recipes available, ranging from simple stir-fries to flavorful noodle dishes. Let your culinary creativity shine!

Easy to Grow

If you have a green thumb, you can even try growing choy sum in your garden. It thrives in well-drained soil and requires regular watering.

Culinary Pairings

Choy sum pairs well with a wide variety of ingredients including tofu, chicken, shrimp, mushrooms, and ginger. Let your taste buds guide you!

Seasonal Availability

Although choy sum is available year-round in many places, its peak season tends to be in the spring and winter months.

Choy Sum vs. Bok Choy

Choy sum and bok choy are often confused due to their similar appearance. However, they have distinct differences in taste and texture. Choy sum has a milder flavor, while bok choy is slightly more bitter.

Cultural Significance

Choy sum holds cultural significance in many Asian communities and is cherished for its traditional flavors and versatile applications in various dishes.

So, there you have it! Seventeen fascinating facts about choy sum. Whether you’re a fan of Asian cuisine or looking to expand your culinary horizons, choy sum is a vegetable worth exploring. Enjoy its delicious flavors and reap the nutritional benefits it has to offer!


Choy Sum, also known as Chinese flowering cabbage, is a versatile and nutritious vegetable that is widely consumed in Asian cuisines. With its unique combination of flavors and health benefits, it has become increasingly popular in Western countries as well. Whether stir-fried, steamed, or added to soups and stir-fry dishes, choy sum adds a delightful crunch and a touch of elegance to any meal.From its vibrant green leaves to its delicate yellow flowers, choy sum is not only visually appealing but also packed with essential nutrients. It is rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals such as calcium, iron, and potassium. These nutrients play a crucial role in supporting overall health and well-being.Furthermore, choy sum is incredibly versatile and can be prepared in numerous ways. Its tender stems and delicate leaves make it quick to cook and easy to incorporate into a variety of dishes. Whether you are a seasoned chef or a home cook looking to experiment with new flavors, choy sum is a fantastic addition to your culinary repertoire.In conclusion, choy sum is a delicious and nutritious vegetable that deserves a place on your plate. With its delicate flavor, vibrant colors, and numerous health benefits, it is no wonder that choy sum has become a beloved ingredient in cuisines around the world. So why not give it a try and discover the wonders of choy sum for yourself?


1. What is choy sum?

Choy sum, also known as Chinese flowering cabbage, is a leafy green vegetable commonly used in Asian cuisines. It has tender stems, dark green leaves, and delicate yellow flowers.

2. How do you cook choy sum?

Choy sum can be stir-fried, steamed, or added to soups and stir-fry dishes. It is quick to cook and can be enjoyed with a variety of seasonings and sauces.

3. Is choy sum nutritious?

Yes, choy sum is highly nutritious. It is rich in vitamins A, C, and K, as well as minerals like calcium, iron, and potassium. These nutrients are essential for maintaining good health.

4. Where can I buy choy sum?

Choy sum is available in most Asian grocery stores and some supermarkets. You can also try looking for it at local farmers’ markets.

5. Can choy sum be eaten raw?

While choy sum is typically cooked, you can enjoy it raw in salads or as a garnish for certain dishes. Just make sure to wash it thoroughly before consuming.