Martica Villalpando

Written by Martica Villalpando

Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith


Jainism, one of the oldest religions in the world, traces its roots back to ancient India. With its focus on non-violence, truth, and self-discipline, Jainism has attracted followers across the globe who seek spiritual enlightenment and liberation from the cycle of birth and death. In this article, we will explore 19 fascinating facts about Jainism that shed light on its principles, practices, and rich cultural heritage. From the significance of non-violence and vegetarianism to the concept of karma and the path to ultimate liberation, Jainism offers a unique perspective on life and spirituality. So, let’s delve into the depths of this ancient religion and unravel its mysteries.

Key Takeaways:

  • Jainism, an ancient Indian religion, emphasizes non-violence, vegetarianism, and intense meditation. Its principles of compassion and ethical living have influenced other religions and promote environmental awareness.
  • Jainism’s rich history and deep-rooted philosophical principles offer valuable insights into diverse religious traditions. Exploring its beliefs fosters empathy and respect for different faiths, promoting peaceful coexistence.
Table of Contents

Jainism is one of the oldest religions in the world.

With origins dating back to the 6th century BCE, Jainism predates both Buddhism and Hinduism. It was founded by Lord Mahavira, a revered spiritual teacher.

Jainism emphasizes non-violence (ahimsa) as its core principle.

Ahimsa is the practice of non-violence towards all living beings. Jains strive to live harmoniously with nature and avoid causing harm to any form of life.

Jains believe in reincarnation and karma.

According to Jainism, the soul goes through cycles of birth, death, and rebirth. Karma, the law of cause and effect, determines the nature of the soul’s rebirth based on its actions.

The Jains follow a strict vegetarian diet.

Jains are known for their strict adherence to vegetarianism. They avoid eating meat, fish, and eggs to uphold their principle of non-violence.

The Jains practice intense asceticism.

Some Jains take a vow of renunciation and engage in extreme practices like fasting, meditation, and self-discipline. These practices are aimed at purifying the soul and attaining spiritual enlightenment.

Jain monks and nuns avoid using electricity and modern technology.

In their quest for simplicity and detachment, Jain monks and nuns lead a minimalist life, refraining from using modern conveniences like electricity, vehicles, and electronic devices.

Jains believe in the concept of Anekantavada.

Anekantavada is the principle of non-absolutism, which acknowledges that reality has multiple facets and that no single point of view can capture the entirety of truth.

Jain temples are adorned with intricately carved marble.

Jain architecture is known for its exquisite marble sculptures and intricate detailing. Temples such as the Dilwara Temples in Rajasthan, India, showcase the mastery of Jain craftsmen.

Jains practice intense meditation and self-reflection.

Meditation is an integral part of Jain practice. It helps individuals achieve a state of self-realization and inner peace, enabling them to detach from worldly desires.

Ahimsa is extended to thoughts and speech in Jainism.

Jains believe in practicing non-violence not only in their actions but also in their thoughts and words. They strive to cultivate compassionate and peaceful communication.

Jainism recognizes five main vows.

The five vows, known as Anuvratas, are non-violence (ahimsa), truthfulness (satya), non-stealing (asteya), celibacy (brahmacharya), and non-attachment (aparigraha). These vows guide Jains in leading a righteous and ethical life.

Jainism has its own symbols and rituals.

The Jain symbol of a hand with a swastika represents the five main vows. Rituals such as Paryushan, an annual festival of self-discipline and fasting, are observed by Jains around the world.

Jains believe in the existence of divine beings.

Jainism acknowledges the presence of divine beings known as Tirthankaras, who have achieved spiritual enlightenment and guide others on the path of salvation.

Jain manuscripts are written in an ancient script called “Ardhamagadhi.”

Ardhamagadhi is the language used to write down the sacred Jain texts, containing the teachings and principles of the religion. These texts are revered by Jains worldwide.

Jainism has influenced other philosophies and religions.

The principles of non-violence and respect for all living beings propagated by Jainism have had a profound influence on other belief systems, including Buddhism and Hinduism.

Jains have a strong focus on community service and charity.

Jains actively engage in philanthropic activities, supporting hospitals, educational institutions, and various charitable causes. Their commitment to compassion extends beyond their religious community.

Jainism promotes environmental awareness and conservation.

Jains advocate for the preservation of nature and the protection of wildlife. They emphasize the need for sustainable living and reducing one’s ecological footprint.

Jainism is practiced by millions of people worldwide.

Although primarily concentrated in India, Jainism has spread across the globe, with significant Jain communities in countries like the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

Learning about Jainism deepens our understanding of diverse religious traditions.

Exploring the beliefs and practices of Jainism offers valuable insights into the vast tapestry of human spirituality, fostering empathy and respect for different faiths.

As we delve into the intricacies of Jainism, it becomes evident that this ancient religion holds a deep reverence for life, promotes peaceful coexistence, and encourages individuals to strive for spiritual awakening. The 19 facts about Jainism provide a glimpse into the profound philosophies and practices that shape the lives of its followers.


In conclusion, Jainism is a fascinating and unique religion that has had a profound impact on millions of people around the world. Its emphasis on non-violence, truth, and asceticism sets it apart from other major religions. Through its principles of ahimsa, Jains strive to live a life of compassion and harmlessness towards all living beings. By practicing celibacy, fasting, and meditation, Jains seek to purify their souls and ultimately achieve moksha, or liberation from the cycle of birth and death.Jainism’s rich history and unique beliefs make it an important spiritual path for those seeking enlightenment and ethical living. Whether you are intrigued by its emphasis on non-violence or are simply curious about different religious practices, exploring Jainism can offer valuable insights into the diversity of human spiritual experiences.


1. What are the key beliefs of Jainism?

Jainism is founded on the principles of non-violence (ahimsa), truth (satya), non-stealing (asteya), celibacy (brahmacharya), and non-possessiveness (aparigraha). Jains believe in the cyclical nature of life, karma and its impact on rebirth, and the existence of multiple realms and beings.

2. Are Jains vegetarian?

Yes, Jains are predominantly vegetarian, as they believe in the principle of ahimsa or non-violence towards all living beings. They abstain from consuming meat, fish, and eggs and may also avoid vegetables like onions and garlic due to the belief that they may contain microorganisms.

3. How do Jains practice non-violence?

Jains practice non-violence by being mindful of their actions and words. They avoid causing harm to any living being, even in thought. This includes practicing forgiveness, compassion, and refraining from violence in any form.

4. What is the significance of fasting in Jainism?

Fasting is an important spiritual practice in Jainism. By abstaining from food and drink, Jains seek to purify their bodies and minds. Fasting is believed to help control desires and focus the mind inward, aiding in spiritual progress.

5. Do Jains worship deities?

Jains do not worship deities or a supreme being. Instead, they venerate enlightened beings who have achieved liberation. Jains focus on self-realization and personal spiritual growth.

6. How is Jainism different from other religions?

Jainism differs from other religions in its emphasis on non-violence, strict adherence to principles of truth and non-possessiveness, and the pursuit of spiritual liberation. It shares similarities with Buddhism in its rejection of the caste system and the belief in karma and rebirth.

7. Can anyone become a Jain?

Yes, anyone can become a Jain through a formal initiation ceremony. However, Jainism requires a deep commitment to the principles and practices of the religion.

8. What is the significance of pilgrimage in Jainism?

Pilgrimage holds great importance in Jainism, as it allows followers to visit sacred sites and connect with the spiritual energy associated with them. Pilgrimage sites often include temples, mountains, and historical landmarks.

9. Do Jains believe in an afterlife?

Yes, Jains believe in the cycle of birth and death, as well as the existence of various realms or planes of existence. They strive for liberation from this cycle and seek to attain moksha, the ultimate goal of Jain spiritual practice.

10. Are there Jain communities outside of India?

Yes, Jain communities can be found in various parts of the world, including the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and other countries with significant Indian diaspora populations.

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