Beilul Mckoy

Beilul Mckoy

Modified & Updated: 07 Sep 2023


Paryushan Parva, also known as Paryushana, is one of the most important festivals in Jainism. Celebrated by Jains all over the world, this festival holds great religious significance and is marked by a period of intense spiritual reflection, fasting, and self-discipline. Paryushan Parva is observed over a span of eight or ten days, depending on the Jain sect and region.

During this auspicious festival, Jains engage in various religious practices and rituals to purify their souls and seek forgiveness for their sins. The festival serves as a time for self-reflection, introspection, and self-improvement, aiming to achieve spiritual enlightenment and liberation.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Paryushan Parva and explore thirteen interesting facts about this significant Jain festival that showcases the rich cultural heritage and religious traditions of the Jain community.

Table of Contents

The Origins of Paryushan Parva

Paryushan Parva is a significant Jain festival celebrated by Jains across the world. It is a time for self-reflection, spiritual cleansing, and seeking forgiveness for past mistakes. The festival has its roots in ancient Jain scriptures and traditions, with deep philosophical significance.

The Duration of Paryushan Parva

Paryushan Parva typically lasts for eight days, although some sects may observe it for a shorter duration. It falls during the months of August or September, according to the Gregorian calendar. The festival commences with Samvatsari, the most important day, and concludes with Kshamavani, a day dedicated to seeking forgiveness.

Practices of Fasting and Abstinence

During Paryushan Parva, Jains engage in various practices of fasting and abstinence as a means of purifying their souls and practicing self-discipline. Many Jains undertake a water-only fast, while others opt for limited food intake. This period of austerity is seen as an opportunity for spiritual growth and detachment from material desires.

The Significance of Forgiveness

Paryushan Parva places great emphasis on seeking forgiveness from others and granting forgiveness to those who ask for it. Jains believe that by forgiving and seeking forgiveness, one can cleanse their soul of negative karma and pave the way towards spiritual liberation.

The Ritual of Pratikraman

Pratikraman is a key ritual performed during Paryushan Parva. It involves reciting prayers, repenting for past wrongdoings, and seeking forgiveness. Jains gather at temples or in their homes to participate in this ritual, reflecting on their actions and vowing to make positive changes in their lives.

The Philosophy of Non-Violence

Jains are known for their commitment to non-violence (ahimsa). Paryushan Parva serves as a reminder of this core principle, urging individuals to practice compassion and respect for all living beings. During the festival, Jains make conscious efforts to avoid harm, both physically and verbally.

The Symbolism of Samvatsari Pratikraman

Samvatsari Pratikraman, performed on the last day of Paryushan Parva, is a special ceremony that symbolizes the ultimate pursuit of forgiveness and self-realization. Jains gather in large numbers, seeking forgiveness from everyone they may have harmed intentionally or unintentionally throughout the year.

The Jain Concept of Anekantavada

Paryushan Parva highlights the Jain principle of Anekantavada, which emphasizes the acceptance of multiple perspectives and the avoidance of dogmatism. Jains engage in discussions and philosophical discourses to deepen their understanding of various viewpoints and cultivate tolerance.

The Custom of Sthapana

Sthapana is a tradition observed during Paryushan Parva where a designated area in homes or temples is decorated with various symbolic objects. This serves as a sacred space for prayers, meditation, and reflection throughout the festival.

Purification of Thoughts, Speech, and Actions

Paryushan Parva encourages individuals to purify their thoughts, speech, and actions by refraining from negativity, gossip, and harmful behavior. It encourages self-awareness and the cultivation of virtues such as truthfulness, kindness, and generosity.

The Importance of Charity and Service

Jains believe in the virtue of giving and selfless service. During Paryushan Parva, Jains actively engage in acts of charity, offering food, clothes, and financial assistance to those in need. This practice promotes compassion and reinforces the concept of interconnectedness.

Renunciation and Detachment

Paryushan Parva serves as a period of introspection and reflection on attachments to material possessions and worldly desires. Jains practice detachment by minimizing the use of worldly pleasures and focusing on inner transformation and spiritual growth.

The Message of Universal Brotherhood

Paryushan Parva promotes the concept of universal brotherhood, emphasizing that all beings are interconnected and deserve respect and compassion. It encourages individuals to let go of prejudices and judgments, fostering harmony and understanding among different communities.


In conclusion, Paryushan Parva is a significant Jain festival celebrated by millions of followers around the world. It is a time for self-reflection, introspection, and spiritual growth. During the festival, Jains observe strict non-violence, engage in fasting, and participate in various religious rituals and ceremonies. The festival promotes unity, forgiveness, and compassion among the community members. Paryushan Parva serves as a reminder for Jains to live a life centered on simplicity, non-attachment, and righteousness. By dedicating themselves to the principles of Jainism during this festival, followers strive towards achieving spiritual purification and enlightenment.


1. What is the significance of Paryushan Parva?

The Paryushan Parva is highly significant for Jains as it serves as a time for self-purification, seeking forgiveness, and intensifying spiritual practices.

2. How long does Paryushan Parva last?

Paryushan Parva typically lasts for eight days, although some communities may observe it for slightly longer or shorter durations.

3. What are the main rituals observed during Paryushan Parva?

Some of the main rituals observed during Paryushan Parva include fasting, meditation, recitation of Jain scriptures, seeking forgiveness, and engaging in acts of charity.

4. Do Jains abstain from certain activities during Paryushan Parva?

Yes, Jains abstain from activities such as consuming certain food items, indulging in luxuries, and engaging in violence or harm towards other beings.

5. How do Jains celebrate the conclusion of Paryushan Parva?

The conclusion of Paryushan Parva is marked by a grand celebration known as Samvatsari. On this day, Jains seek forgiveness from each other and engage in charitable acts as a gesture of spiritual upliftment.