Deidre Obryan

Deidre Obryan

Published: 11 Sep 2023


Cleopatra VII, the legendary queen of Egypt, continues to captivate us with her enigmatic persona and fascinating history. She was not only the last Pharaoh of Egypt but also a captivating beauty, a formidable ruler, and a skilled diplomat. Her reign, which spanned from 51 to 30 BC, was marked by political intrigue, alliances, and seduction.

In this article, we will delve into 19 astounding facts about Cleopatra VII that will shed light on her incredible life and legacy. From her powerful alliances with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony to her rumored exotic beauty and the mystery surrounding her death, Cleopatra remains one of the most influential and controversial figures in ancient history.

Table of Contents

Cleopatra VII was not Egyptian.

Contrary to popular belief, Cleopatra VII was not of Egyptian descent. She was actually of Macedonian Greek heritage, belonging to the Ptolemaic dynasty, which ruled Egypt after the conquest of Alexander the Great.

Cleopatra VII spoke multiple languages.

Cleopatra VII was renowned for her linguistic abilities. She not only spoke Egyptian but also Greek, Persian, and even Latin. This linguistic prowess helped her in diplomacy and communication with foreign leaders.

Cleopatra VII was the first Ptolemaic ruler to learn Egyptian.

In an effort to connect with her Egyptian subjects, Cleopatra VII took the initiative to learn the Egyptian language. This was a significant departure from her predecessors, who primarily spoke Greek.

Cleopatra VII was known for her beauty.

Cleopatra VII was often described as an incredibly beautiful woman. Her captivating appearance and charisma made her even more influential as a ruler.

Cleopatra VII was involved in a power struggle with her siblings.

As was common in the Ptolemaic dynasty, Cleopatra VII faced fierce competition from her siblings for the throne. She engaged in a power struggle with her younger brother Ptolemy XIII, which ultimately led to her exile.

Cleopatra VII was married to her younger brother.

Cleopatra VII married both of her younger brothers, Ptolemy XIII and later Ptolemy XIV, as a means to solidify her power and maintain the Ptolemaic bloodline.

Cleopatra VII had relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.

Cleopatra VII’s most famous romantic relationships were with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony, two influential Roman leaders. These relationships played a crucial role in her political alliances and ultimately her downfall.

Cleopatra VII had children with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony.

Cleopatra VII bore children with both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. With Caesar, she had a son named Caesarion, and with Antony, she had three children: twins Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene, and a son named Ptolemy Philadelphus.

Cleopatra VII played a role in Caesar’s assassination.

Although the exact extent of Cleopatra VII’s involvement is debated, it is believed that she played a role in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Her relationship with him had garnered significant opposition from Roman politicians.

Cleopatra VII committed suicide.

After the defeat of Mark Antony and the annexation of Egypt by Rome, Cleopatra VII chose to end her own life rather than be taken captive. It is said that she died from the bite of an asp, a venomous snake.

Cleopatra VII was the last pharaoh of Egypt.

With the death of Cleopatra VII, the Ptolemaic dynasty came to an end, marking the last reign of an Egyptian pharaoh.

Cleopatra VII was a renowned scholar.

Besides her political pursuits, Cleopatra VII possessed an impressive intellect. She was well-versed in various sciences, mathematics, philosophy, and even had her own library in Alexandria.

Cleopatra VII was associated with the goddess Isis.

Cleopatra VII identified herself with the Egyptian goddess Isis. She believed that her ancestry traced back to the deities and used this association to enhance her authority as a ruler.

Cleopatra VII was the last ruler to challenge Roman expansion.

Cleopatra VII fiercely resisted the growing power of Rome and sought to maintain Egypt’s independence. Her involvement with Roman leaders was not just driven by love but also by a desire to protect her kingdom.

Cleopatra VII was a skilled naval commander.

During the Roman Civil War, Cleopatra VII actively supported Mark Antony’s naval forces and showed strategic prowess in battles against Octavian, later known as Augustus Caesar.

Cleopatra VII’s palace in Alexandria was a symbol of extravagance.

The royal palace that Cleopatra VII resided in was known for its opulence and grandeur. It was adorned with lavish decorations, impressive architecture, and hosted splendid banquets.

Cleopatra VII was a patron of the arts.

Under Cleopatra VII’s rule, Egypt experienced a flourishing of arts and culture. She supported musicians, actors, and artists, making Alexandria a vibrant center of creativity.

Cleopatra VII left a lasting legacy.

Cleopatra VII’s impact is still felt today. Her story has inspired countless works of literature, art, and film, solidifying her status as one of history’s most fascinating and influential figures.

The death of Cleopatra VII marked the end of an era.

With Cleopatra VII’s demise, the glorious Ptolemaic dynasty crumbled, and Egypt became a Roman province. Her tragic end symbolizes the end of the ancient Egyptian civilization.

These 19 astounding facts about Cleopatra VII highlight her remarkable life and the enduring legacy she left behind. From her political prowess to her romantic liaisons and her cultural contributions, Cleopatra VII remains an endlessly captivating figure in history.


In conclusion, Cleopatra VII was undeniably one of the most fascinating figures in ancient history. Her reign as the last active pharaoh of Egypt left a lasting legacy. From her strategic alliances with powerful men to her seductive charm, she captivated the hearts and minds of many.Cleopatra’s intelligence and determination allowed her to maintain her power in a male-dominated world. She was a skilled diplomat, adept at navigating the treacherous political landscape of her time.Her dramatic death marked the end of an era for Egypt, but her legend lived on. To this day, Cleopatra continues to be a symbol of beauty, power, and intrigue.The life of Cleopatra VII remains a subject of fascination and speculation. With her remarkable story and unparalleled influence, she will forever be remembered as one of history’s most astonishing queens.


1. How did Cleopatra become the pharaoh of Egypt?

Cleopatra became the pharaoh of Egypt after the death of her father, Ptolemy XII Auletes. As the oldest surviving sibling, she inherited the throne and ruled alongside her younger brother, Ptolemy XIII.

2. Did Cleopatra really have relationships with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony?

Yes, Cleopatra had relationships with both Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Her relationship with Caesar began when she sought his help to reclaim the throne of Egypt. After Caesar’s assassination, Cleopatra aligned herself with Mark Antony and they became lovers.

3. What was Cleopatra’s role in the downfall of the Roman Empire?

Cleopatra’s involvement in the downfall of the Roman Empire is a subject of debate among historians. While her alliances with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony certainly had political implications, it is important to note that the empire’s decline was influenced by a variety of factors.

4. How did Cleopatra die?

Cleopatra is believed to have died by suicide, according to historical accounts. She allegedly used an asp, a venomous snake, to end her life. Her death came shortly after the fall of Egypt to the Roman Empire.

5. What is Cleopatra’s lasting legacy?

Cleopatra’s lasting legacy lies in her reputation as a powerful and influential leader. She left behind a legacy of beauty, intelligence, and political savvy. Her story has inspired countless books, movies, and works of art, ensuring that her name will be remembered throughout history.