Corette Bain

Written by Corette Bain

Modified & Updated: 09 Jul 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Every day is filled with historical events and significant moments that have shaped the world we live in today. January 23rd is no exception, as it holds a fascinating collection of facts and events that have left a lasting impact on various aspects of society. From political milestones and scientific breakthroughs to cultural developments and notable births or deaths, January 23rd has witnessed a multitude of noteworthy occurrences throughout history. In this article, we delve into the annals of time to explore the facts and events that took place on January 23rd and explore their significance. Let’s embark on a journey through history and uncover the intriguing tales from January 23rd.

Key Takeaways:

  • January 23rd marks the birth of iconic figures like Humphrey Bogart and Princess Caroline of Monaco, as well as the release of cultural phenomena such as “Friends” and “Donkey Kong.
  • From the establishment of the U.S. Weather Bureau to the first Frisbee production and the end of the Vietnam War draft, January 23rd is a day filled with diverse and impactful historical events.
Table of Contents


  • 1870: The U.S. Army establishes the Weather Bureau, later renamed the National Weather Service.
  • 1909: The first radio broadcast featuring live musical performances is made by Radio Argentina Society in Buenos Aires.
  • 1943: The Battle of Mount Austen, the Galloping Horse, and the Sea Horse begins during World War II in the Pacific theater.
  • 1960: The bathyscaphe Trieste successfully descends to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the world’s oceans.
  • 2002: The U.S. Department of Homeland Security is officially established, becoming the country’s primary federal agency for protecting against terrorist threats.


  • 1849: Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States.
  • 1945: The X-ray diffraction photograph of DNA, “Photo 51,” is taken by Raymond Gosling, providing crucial evidence for determining its structure.
  • 1957: The Wham-O toy company produces the first Frisbee, originally called the “Pluto Platter.
  • 1973: A team led by Dr. Lawrence Roberts sends the first-ever ARPANET network email, marking a significant milestone in the development of the internet.
  • 2001: The first draft of the complete human genome sequence, a monumental achievement in genetics, is published by the Human Genome Project and Celera Genomics.


  • 1556: The deadliest earthquake in history strikes Shaanxi, China, killing an estimated 830,000 people.
  • 1849: English-born Elizabeth Blackwell becomes the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States.
  • 1907: Charles Curtis, of Native American Kaw heritage, becomes the first person with known non-European ancestry to serve as the Vice President of the United States.
  • 1973: President Richard Nixon announces the end of the Vietnam War draft, transitioning the U.S. military to an all-volunteer force.
  • 2018: The women’s rights movement gains momentum as millions of people participate in the Women’s March, protesting gender inequality and advocating for equal rights worldwide.


  • 1981: The iconic arcade game “Donkey Kong” is released, introducing popular characters like Mario and Donkey Kong to gaming enthusiasts.
  • 1995: The hit sitcom “Friends” debuts on NBC, entertaining audiences around the world and becoming one of the most beloved TV shows of all time.
  • 2006: Disney’s High School Musical, a musical television film, premieres on the Disney Channel, launching a successful franchise and becoming a cultural phenomenon among teenagers.
  • 2017: The movie “La La Land” receives a record-tying 14 nominations at the 89th Academy Awards, including Best Picture, and ultimately wins six Oscars.
  • 2019: The groundbreaking documentary series “Surviving R. Kelly” debuts, shedding light on allegations of sexual abuse against R&B singer R. Kelly and sparking a public conversation about the #MeToo movement.


  • 1899: Humphrey Bogart, American actor and cultural icon known for his roles in classic films like “Casablanca” and “The Maltese Falcon.
  • 1943: Gil Gerard, American actor best known for his role as Captain William “Buck” Rogers in the TV series “Buck Rogers in the 25th Century.
  • 1957: Princess Caroline of Monaco, daughter of Prince Rainier III and American actress Grace Kelly.
  • 1974: Tiffani Thiessen, American actress known for her roles on TV shows such as “Beverly Hills, 90210” and “Saved by the Bell.
  • 1986: Arjen Robben, Dutch professional footballer who played for clubs such as Chelsea FC and Bayern Munich.


  • 1931: Anna Pavlova, Russian prima ballerina widely regarded as one of the finest classical ballet dancers in history.
  • 1945: Adolf Hitler, German dictator and leader of the Nazi Party, commits suicide in his bunker in Berlin during the final days of World War II.
  • 1978: Terry Kath, American musician best known as the guitarist and founding member of the rock band Chicago.
  • 1989: Salvador Dalí, Spanish surrealist artist known for his eccentric personality and imaginative artworks, such as “The Persistence of Memory.
  • 2012: Etta James, American singer known for her soulful voice and iconic songs like “At Last” and “I’d Rather Go Blind.


January 23rd has witnessed numerous significant events across history. From the establishment of the U.S. Weather Bureau in 1870 to the groundbreaking achievements in science and technology, such as the first Frisbee being produced and the publication of the complete human genome sequence. This date has also been marked by important political milestones, cultural events, and the births and deaths of notable individuals. The events of January 23rd remind us of the diversity and richness of our shared history, and how each day contributes to shaping the world we live in.


Q: What other significant events happened on January 23rd?

A: On January 23rd, other significant events include the establishment of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security in 2002 and the deadly earthquake in Shaanxi, China, in 1556.

Q: Who was the first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States born on January 23rd?

A: The first woman to receive a medical degree in the United States, Elizabeth Blackwell, was not born on January 23rd. She was born on February 3rd, 1821.

Q: What cultural events are associated with January 23rd?

A: Cultural events associated with January 23rd include the release of the arcade game “Donkey Kong” in 1981 and the premiere of the hit sitcom “Friends” in 1995.

Q: Who were some notable individuals born on January 23rd?

A: Some notable individuals born on January 23rd include Humphrey Bogart, Princess Caroline of Monaco, and Arjen Robben.

Q: Which famous artist’s death is connected to January 23rd?

A: The death of Salvador Dalí, the renowned Spanish surrealist artist, is connected to January 23rd.

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