Ermengarde Mansell

Ermengarde Mansell

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


January 14th holds its own significance in the annals of history as countless events and remarkable moments have unfolded on this very day throughout the years. From groundbreaking discoveries to significant milestones, January 14th has witnessed a plethora of noteworthy occurrences that have shaped our world. This article aims to delve into the rich tapestry of historical events that have taken place on January 14th, providing a glimpse into the past and nurturing our curiosity about the events that have unfolded on this date. Whether it is a scientific breakthrough, a political milestone, or a momentous cultural event, this article will take you on a journey through time, highlighting the facts and events that make January 14th a memorable day in history.

Table of Contents


  • 1784: The United States Congress ratified the Treaty of Paris, officially ending the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1907: An earthquake measuring 6.7 on the Richter scale struck Kingston, Jamaica, resulting in the death of over 1,000 people.
  • 1943: Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first President of the United States to travel by airplane during his presidency.
  • 1985: The British pound was exchanged for the US dollar at a rate of 1.05 dollars for each pound, marking its lowest value at that time.
  • 2005: The Huygens probe successfully landed on Saturn’s moon Titan, providing scientists with valuable data about the moon’s surface.


  • 1639: Mathematician and physicist Jeremiah Horrocks observed a transit of Venus, becoming the first person to do so.
  • 1954: The first animal, a monkey named Albert I, was successfully launched into space by the United States aboard a V-2 rocket.
  • 1965: The unmanned spacecraft Ranger 8 was launched by NASA, transmitting over 7,000 photographs of the Moon’s surface before crashing into it.
  • 1975: The spacecraft Soyuz 17 was launched, beginning the first joint Soviet-American space flight and docking with the Apollo spacecraft during the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project.
  • 2012: Scientists working at CERN announced the discovery of a new subatomic particle consistent with the Higgs boson, an important development in particle physics.


  • 1868: Charles I of England was executed for high treason following the English Civil War, marking the first time a reigning monarch was put on trial and executed by his subjects.
  • 1933: The League of Nations rejected Japan’s proposal to limit arms in the Far East, leading to increased tensions and eventually the outbreak of World War II in the Pacific.
  • 1943: Casablanca Conference began, where President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill met to discuss military strategy during World War II.
  • 1975: The Prime Minister of Japan, Kakuei Tanaka, and the Premier of China, Zhou Enlai, issued the Joint Communiqué, normalizing diplomatic relations between the two countries.
  • 2011: The Tunisian government, led by President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, was overthrown in a popular uprising known as the “Jasmine Revolution”, sparking the wave of protests and revolutions throughout the Arab world.


  • 1501: The book “Hypnerotomachia Poliphili” was published in Venice, Italy. It is considered one of the most beautiful and enigmatic texts of the Renaissance.
  • 1914: English playwright George Bernard Shaw’s play “Pygmalion” premiered at the Hofburg Theatre in Vienna, Austria.
  • 1969: The musical “Hair” premiered on Broadway at the Biltmore Theatre, becoming one of the first rock musicals to achieve commercial success.
  • 1986: The rock band the Smiths released their third studio album, “The Queen Is Dead”, which is now considered one of the greatest albums of all time.
  • 2007: The film “The Queen”, directed by Stephen Frears and starring Helen Mirren, received widespread critical acclaim and won numerous awards, including Best Actress for Mirren at the Academy Awards.


  • 1741: Benedict Arnold, American general who later defected to the British side during the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1875: Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian theologian, physician, and Nobel Peace Prize laureate.
  • 1948: T-Bone Burnett, American musician, songwriter, and producer known for his work in the Americana and folk music genres.
  • 1978: Shawn Wayans, American actor, writer, and comedian, known for his role in the comedy film series “Scary Movie”.
  • 1991: Grant Gustin, American actor best known for his portrayal of Barry Allen / The Flash in the television series “The Flash”.


  • 1569: Prince William of Orange, influential Dutch statesman who led the Dutch Revolt against Spanish rule.
  • 1742: Edmond Halley, English astronomer and mathematician, best known for calculating the orbit of the comet later named after him.
  • 1900: John William Waterhouse, English painter known for his depictions of mythological and literary themes, particularly inspired by the Pre-Raphaelite movement.
  • 1930: Arthur Conan Doyle, Scottish author and physician, creator of the renowned detective character Sherlock Holmes.
  • 2016: Alan Rickman, English actor known for his roles in films such as “Die Hard”, the “Harry Potter” series, and “Love Actually”.


January 14th holds significant historical, scientific, political, and cultural events throughout history. From pivotal moments in wars and revolutions to groundbreaking scientific discoveries and artistic milestones, this date has witnessed a multitude of remarkable occurrences. The birth and death anniversaries of notable individuals also shape the significance of this day. It serves as a reminder of the richness of our shared human history and the diverse range of achievements and experiences that have shaped our world.


1. What are some other famous historical events that happened on January 14th?

On January 14th, other famous historical events include the opening of the Beatles’ Apple Boutique in London in 1968 and the publication of George Orwell’s novel “Nineteen Eighty-Four” in 1949.

2. Are there any scientific breakthroughs associated with January 14th that have had a lasting impact?

Yes, one notable scientific breakthrough that occurred on January 14th is the discovery of a new subatomic particle consistent with the Higgs boson in 2012. This discovery has significantly advanced our understanding of particle physics.

3. Have any significant political agreements or treaties been signed on January 14th?

Yes, on January 14th, 1975, the Joint Communiqué was issued between Japan and China, normalizing diplomatic relations between the two countries. This agreement had a lasting impact on the political and economic ties between Japan and China.

4. Are there any notable cultural figures who were born on January 14th?

Yes, some notable individuals born on January 14th include American actor Benedict Arnold, Nobel Peace Prize laureate Albert Schweitzer, and English painter John William Waterhouse.

5. Who are some famous personalities who passed away on January 14th?

On January 14th, we remember the deaths of influential figures such as Dutch statesman Prince William of Orange, renowned author Arthur Conan Doyle, and acclaimed actor Alan Rickman.