Kayla Villasenor

Written by Kayla Villasenor

Modified & Updated: 03 Mar 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

Source: Facts.net

Romanian, also known as Limba Român?, is a fascinating language that has a rich history and an intriguing set of linguistic characteristics. Spoken by approximately 24 million people worldwide, it is the official language of Romania and is also widely spoken in Moldova, where it holds the status of co-official language. Romanian is a Romance language, meaning it is descended from Latin, and it shares many similarities with other Romance languages like Italian, Spanish, and French.

While Romanian may not be as widely known as some other languages, it is truly unique and full of surprises. In this article, we will delve into 17 unbelievable facts about Romanian that will surely captivate your interest. From its peculiar alphabet and pronunciation to its interesting vocabulary and cultural influences, Romanian is a language that is worth exploring. So, get ready to be amazed by these remarkable facts about Romanian!

Key Takeaways:

  • Romanian is a fascinating language with a close connection to Latin, preserving its rich heritage and contributing to the global linguistic landscape.
  • With its unique musicality and deep roots in Dacian language, Romanian offers a rich cultural tradition and a delightful linguistic journey for language enthusiasts.
Table of Contents

Romanian is a Romance language

Did you know that Romanian belongs to the Romance language family? This means that it is derived from Latin, just like other Romance languages such as Spanish, Italian, French, and Portuguese. The roots of Romanian can be traced back to the Roman conquest of the region, making it one of the oldest Romance languages still spoken today.

Romanian has a unique Latin heritage

One fascinating aspect of Romanian is its close connection to Latin. While other Romance languages have evolved over time and incorporated influences from other languages, Romanian has preserved many elements of the original Latin language. It is considered to be the closest language to Classical Latin, making it incredibly valuable for linguistic studies.

Romanian has five vowel sounds

Romanian has five vowel sounds, which are represented by the letters A, E, I, O, and U. However, these vowels can have different pronunciation variations, adding to the complexity and richness of the language. This feature sets Romanian apart from other Romance languages and gives it a unique character.

Romanian uses a modified version of the Latin alphabet

The Romanian language uses the Latin alphabet with some modifications. It includes additional letters such as “?,” “â,” and “?,” which are not found in other Romance languages. These letters add distinct sounds to the language and contribute to its rich phonetic diversity.

Romanian has a significant number of borrowed words

Throughout its history, Romanian has borrowed vocabulary from various languages, including Turkish, Greek, Slavic languages, and French. This linguistic diversity is a result of the geographic location of Romania and the influence of neighboring cultures. As a result, Romanian has a fascinating mix of words that reflect its diverse cultural heritage.

Romanian is the official language of Romania and Moldova

Romanian is not only the official language of Romania but also of Moldova. It is spoken by approximately 24 million people, making it one of the most widely spoken Romance languages. Whether you visit Romania or Moldova, learning a few basic Romanian phrases can greatly enhance your travel experience.

Romanian has dialectal variations

Like any other language, Romanian has regional variations and dialects. These dialects can differ in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. The most notable dialects are Moldavian, Transylvanian, and Wallachian. Exploring these dialectal variations can provide a deeper understanding of the cultural diversity within the Romanian language.

Romanian has similarities with other Romance languages

While Romanian has many unique features, it also shares similarities with other Romance languages. Speakers of Italian, Spanish, French, or Portuguese may notice familiar words or linguistic patterns when encountering Romanian. These shared elements can facilitate language learning and create linguistic connections across different cultures.

Romanian has preserved the case system

Unlike other Romance languages, Romanian has preserved the case system inherited from Latin. This means that nouns and pronouns can change forms depending on their grammatical function in the sentence. The case system adds complexity to the language but also allows for more precise expression and clarity in communication.

Romanian has a rich literary tradition

Romanian has a long and vibrant literary tradition, with notable authors such as Mihai Eminescu, Ion Creang?, and Mircea Eliade contributing to its rich cultural heritage. Romanian literature encompasses a wide range of genres, from poetry and prose to drama and historical works, showcasing the depth and creativity of the language.

Romanian uses grammatical gender

Similar to other Romance languages, Romanian has grammatical gender, with nouns being categorized as masculine, feminine, or neuter. The gender of a noun not only affects the article or adjective accompanying it but also influences the agreement of other elements within the sentence. This feature adds a layer of complexity to the language’s grammar structure.

Romanian has complex verb conjugation

Verbs in Romanian undergo extensive conjugation, taking into account tense, mood, voice, number, and person. This complexity can be challenging for language learners, but it also allows for precise expression and nuanced communication. Mastering Romanian verb conjugation is key to becoming fluent in the language.

Romanian has a rich folklore tradition

The Romanian language is deeply intertwined with the country’s folklore and cultural traditions. Romanian folklore encompasses a range of mythical creatures, folk tales, and traditional customs. Exploring Romanian folklore can provide insight into the language’s cultural significance and deepen appreciation for its unique heritage.

Romanian has influences from the Balkan Sprachbund

The Romanian language has been influenced by the Balkan Sprachbund, which refers to the linguistic features shared by various languages in the Balkan region. These influences can be seen in the vocabulary and grammar of Romanian, adding another layer of complexity and richness to the language.

Romanian has a distinctive musicality

One striking characteristic of Romanian is its musicality. The language has a melodic quality, with an emphasis on vowel sounds and rhythmic patterns. This musicality adds to the expressive nature of the language and makes it a delight to listen to and speak.

Romanian has a strong connection to the Dacian language

The Romanian language has deep roots in the ancient Dacian language spoken by the inhabitants of the region before the Roman conquest. While the Dacian language has not survived, it has left a lasting impact on Romanian vocabulary and cultural identity, further highlighting the unique heritage of the language.

Romanian has contributed to the English language

Just as Romanian has borrowed from other languages, it has also made contributions to the English language. Some Romanian words that have found their way into English include “vampire,” “paprika,” “polka,” and “gypsy.” These loanwords showcase the cultural exchange between the two languages and highlight the influence of Romanian on the global linguistic landscape.


In conclusion, Romanian is a fascinating language, with a rich history and unique characteristics that set it apart from other Romance languages. From its Indo-European roots to its status as an official language in Romania and Moldova, there is much to discover and appreciate about Romanian.The 17 unbelievable facts about Romanian language mentioned earlier highlight some of the most intriguing aspects of this linguistic gem. From its phonetic simplicity to its shared vocabulary with other Romance languages, Romanian offers a rewarding experience for language enthusiasts and learners alike.Whether you’re interested in exploring the etymology of words, delving into the complex grammar rules, or simply enjoying the melodic sound of Romanian, this language has something to offer everyone.So, whether you’re planning a trip to Romania, connecting with Romanian family or friends, or expanding your linguistic skills, diving into the world of Romanian language will surely open up new doors and provide a deeper understanding of a vibrant culture.


1. Is Romanian difficult to learn?

While learning any new language requires dedication and practice, Romanian can be considered relatively accessible for speakers of other Romance languages or those with a solid foundation in Latin-based languages.

2. Where is Romanian spoken?

Romanian is primarily spoken in Romania and Moldova, where it is the official language. It is also spoken in parts of neighboring countries, as well as by Romanian communities around the world.

3. Are there dialects of Romanian?

Yes, there are several dialects of Romanian, influenced by regional variations and historical factors. The most notable dialects include Moldavian, Transylvanian, and Wallachian.

4. How many people speak Romanian?

Approximately 24 million people speak Romanian as their first language, mainly in Romania and Moldova. However, there are also Romanian communities in various countries, expanding the number of Romanian speakers worldwide.

5. Is Romanian similar to Italian?

Romanian, as a Romance language, shares some similarities with Italian, such as vocabulary and grammatical structures. However, they are distinct languages with their own unique characteristics.

6. Can I learn Romanian online?

Absolutely! There are numerous online resources, courses, and language-learning platforms available to help you learn Romanian at your own pace, from the comfort of your home.

7. How long does it take to become fluent in Romanian?

The time it takes to become fluent in Romanian varies depending on various factors such as your language-learning background, dedication, and practice. Generally, it may take several months to a few years to achieve fluency.

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