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Modified & Updated: 02 Mar 2024

Source: Articulture-wales.co.uk

The Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, also known as the National Eisteddfod of Wales, is a vibrant and celebrated cultural event that showcases the rich artistic talents of the Welsh people. With a history that dates back to the 12th century, the Eisteddfod has become an integral part of Welsh identity and heritage. Bringing together musicians, poets, artists, artisans, and performers from all over Wales, this annual festival creates a platform for creative expression and cultural exchange. In this article, we will explore nine fascinating facts about the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, delving into its origins, traditions, and significance in Welsh society. From the medieval Gorsedd ceremonies to the competitive spirit of the various artistic competitions, the National Eisteddfod is a true celebration of Welsh culture and talent.

Key Takeaways:

  • The Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru is a lively festival celebrating Welsh culture, language, and arts, with competitions in poetry, music, and more, attracting visitors from around the world.
  • The festival, dating back to the 12th century, promotes the Welsh language and contributes to the local economy, making it a vibrant and culturally significant event for all.
Table of Contents

Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru is the largest cultural festival in Wales.

Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, or the National Eisteddfod of Wales, is a vibrant and prestigious festival that celebrates Welsh culture, language, music, and art. It is widely regarded as the largest cultural event in Wales, attracting thousands of participants and visitors each year.

The Eisteddfod tradition dates back to the 12th century.

The origins of Eisteddfod can be traced back to the 12th century, making it one of the oldest cultural festivals in Europe. It was initially a gathering of bards and poets to compete and showcase their skills in various disciplines such as poetry, music, and storytelling.

The festival features a wide range of competitions and performances.

During the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, participants compete in various categories including poetry, singing, dance, instrumental music, drama, and visual arts. The festival provides a platform for talents to shine and promotes the Welsh language and its cultural heritage.

The Eisteddfod takes place in a different location each year.

One of the unique aspects of the National Eisteddfod of Wales is that it is held in a different location every year. This allows different communities across Wales to host the festival, showcasing their local traditions and culture.

The Gorsedd of the Eisteddfod is a prestigious group of Welsh poets and writers.

The Gorsedd of the Eisteddfod is an esteemed group of Welsh poets, writers, artists, and musicians. Membership to the Gorsedd is by invitation and is considered a great honor. The members of the Gorsedd play a significant role in the opening and closing ceremonies of the Eisteddfod.

The iconic Eisteddfod Crown is awarded to the winning poet.

One of the most coveted prizes at the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru is the Eisteddfod Crown, known as Y Gadair Ddu (The Black Chair). The chair is awarded to the winning poet in the poetry competition. It is a symbol of Welsh cultural and literary pride.

The Eisteddfod attracts visitors from around the world.

The Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru is not only popular among Welsh communities but also draws international visitors who are eager to experience the rich Welsh culture and witness the extraordinary talents showcased during the festival.

The festival promotes the use of the Welsh language.

One of the main objectives of the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru is to promote and preserve the Welsh language. All competitions, performances, and ceremonies are conducted predominantly in Welsh, creating an immersive environment for participants and visitors to engage with the language.

The Eisteddfod contributes to the local economy.

The Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru brings significant economic benefits to the host communities. The influx of visitors generates revenue for local businesses, hotels, restaurants, and tourism-related activities, boosting the local economy.


The Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, or the National Eisteddfod of Wales, is a celebration of Welsh language, culture, and arts. With its rich history dating back to the 12th century, the Eisteddfod has become a significant event in the Welsh calendar. From poetry and music to dance and visual arts, this festival showcases the creative talents of Wales.The Eisteddfod offers a unique opportunity for individuals to immerse themselves in Welsh tradition and experience the warmth and hospitality of the Welsh people. It serves as a platform for artists, performers, and poets to compete and share their work with a wider audience. Moreover, it plays a vital role in preserving and promoting the Welsh language, ensuring its continuation for future generations.Attending the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru is not only a chance to witness remarkable performances but also an opportunity to engage in workshops, lectures, and discussions to delve deeper into Welsh culture. So, mark your calendars and join the festivities to experience the vibrant spirit of the Eisteddfod firsthand.


1. What is the Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru?

The Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru, or National Eisteddfod of Wales, is a Welsh festival that celebrates Welsh language, music, arts, and culture.

2. How long has the Eisteddfod been taking place?

The Eisteddfod has a long and rich history, dating back to the 12th century. It has been held annually since the 19th century.

3. Where is the Eisteddfod held?

The location of the Eisteddfod changes each year, and it is held in various towns and cities across Wales.

4. Who can participate in the Eisteddfod?

The Eisteddfod is open to everyone, regardless of age or background. There are specific competitions and categories for different age groups and skill levels.

5. What kind of events and activities can be found at the Eisteddfod?

The Eisteddfod features a wide variety of events, including music performances, poetry recitals, dance shows, art exhibitions, workshops, and lectures.

6. Is the Eisteddfod only for Welsh-speaking individuals?

No, the Eisteddfod welcomes participants and visitors from all backgrounds. While Welsh language is actively celebrated, people who do not speak Welsh can still enjoy the cultural offerings and engage in various English-language events.

7. How can I get tickets to the Eisteddfod?

Tickets for the Eisteddfod can be purchased online through the official website or at the festival grounds during the event. Ticket prices may vary depending on the day and the type of event.

8. Are there any accommodations available for visitors?

Yes, there are various accommodations available near the Eisteddfod venue, including hotels, bed and breakfasts, and campsites. It is advisable to book in advance, especially during peak festival days.

9. Can I volunteer at the Eisteddfod?

Yes, the Eisteddfod relies on volunteers to ensure its smooth operation. There are opportunities to volunteer in various capacities, such as event assistance, ticketing, information booths, and more. Check the official website for more information on how to get involved.

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