Written by Sunny

Modified & Updated: 18 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett

Blank crossword puzzle game with pencil

Crossword puzzles have long been a beloved pastime for enthusiasts of all ages. These brain-teasing games challenge our knowledge, vocabulary, and problem-solving skills in a fun and engaging way. Whether you’re a seasoned crossword solver or just starting your puzzling journey, this article will take you on an exciting exploration of 19 facts and figures related to crosswords. From the origin of the crossword puzzle to intriguing records and famous constructors, let’s dive into the world of crosswords and uncover the secrets that make them so captivating.

Table of Contents

The Birth of Crossword Puzzles

The first known crossword puzzle was created by journalist Arthur Wynne and was published in the “New York World” newspaper on December 21, 1913. Wynne’s puzzle was diamond-shaped and called “Word-Cross.” It quickly gained popularity and paved the way for the crossword puzzles we enjoy today.

Daily Crossword Tradition

The “New York Times” is renowned for its daily crossword puzzles, which have been a staple of the newspaper since 1942. The puzzles gradually increase in difficulty throughout the week, with Monday being the easiest and Saturday the most challenging. Sunday puzzles are larger and offer a mix of difficulty levels.

Most Prolific Crossword Constructor

As of September 2021, the record for the most crossword puzzles published in “The New York Times” is held by Joel Fagliano. He surpassed the previous record set by the legendary constructor Will Shortz, who became the editor of the “New York Times” crossword in 1993.

The Oldest Known Crossword Solver

The oldest person to complete a crossword puzzle in “The New York Times” was Bernice Gordon, who completed puzzles until her passing at the age of 101 in 2015. She started solving crosswords in the 1920s and continued to enjoy the puzzles for nearly a century.

The World’s Largest Crossword

The Guinness World Record for the largest crossword puzzle was set in 2012 in Finland. The puzzle spanned an impressive 1,680 square meters (18,083 square feet) and featured over 100,000 crossword squares. It took a team of dedicated puzzlers several days to complete.

The Most Expensive Crossword Puzzle

In 2010, the world’s most expensive crossword puzzle was created by British designer Neale Davidson. This puzzle was made from 18-carat gold and adorned with 6,000 diamonds, making it worth a staggering £1 million ($1.3 million). It was created as a charity item and eventually sold to a private collector.

The Crossword’s Influence on D-Day

During World War II, the “Daily Telegraph” newspaper in the United Kingdom published a crossword puzzle that seemed to contain suspiciously relevant words and phrases. It turned out that the puzzle’s author, Leonard Dawe, was a school headmaster whose students assisted in creating the crossword. The puzzle’s coincidental inclusion of military codewords caused a brief investigation by British intelligence.

Woman's hand with ballpoint pen is filling crossword puzzle
Image from Adobe Stock

Crosswords in Pop Culture

Crossword puzzles have made appearances in various forms of popular culture. In the 2006 documentary “Wordplay,” renowned crossword constructor and “New York Times” editor Will Shortz was featured, bringing the world of crosswords to the forefront. Additionally, crossword puzzles have been referenced in numerous books, films, and television shows, becoming a symbol of intellectual prowess and mental stimulation.

Crossword Puzzle Competitions

Crossword puzzle competitions attract skilled solvers from around the world. The American Crossword Puzzle Tournament, held annually since 1978, is one of the most prominent events. Participants compete against the clock and each other to complete challenging puzzles, vying for the title of champion.

Crossword Puzzle Dictionaries

Crossword puzzle dictionaries, also known as crossword puzzle solvers or crossword puzzle aids, are valuable resources for both beginners and experienced solvers. These specialized dictionaries contain lists of words categorized by length, letters, and common crossword puzzle clues, helping solvers find the answers they need to complete a puzzle.

Crosswords and Mental Agility

Solving crossword puzzles is not only an enjoyable pastime but also an activity that can sharpen your mental acuity. Research suggests that engaging in puzzles like crosswords can help improve cognitive skills, including memory, problem-solving, and language abilities.

Crosswords as Educational Tools

Crossword puzzles have been used as educational tools to reinforce learning in various subjects. Teachers incorporate crossword puzzles into lesson plans to enhance vocabulary, promote critical thinking, and reinforce concepts in subjects such as history, science, literature, and foreign languages.

Cryptic Crosswords: A Twist on Tradition

Cryptic crosswords add an extra layer of challenge to the crossword-solving experience. Unlike standard crosswords, cryptic clues contain both a definition and a wordplay component, requiring solvers to decipher hidden meanings, anagrams, and cryptic language devices. They originated in the United Kingdom and have gained a dedicated following worldwide.

A relaxed person casually completing the crossword
Image from Adobe Stock

Crosswords and Language Learning

For language enthusiasts, solving crosswords in different languages can be a fun and effective way to expand vocabulary and improve language skills. Crossword puzzles provide exposure to new words, idioms, and cultural references, making language learning engaging and interactive.

Crossword Apps and Digital Platforms

The digital age has brought crosswords to new platforms, making them easily accessible and interactive. Crossword apps and online platforms offer a wide range of puzzles for solvers to enjoy on their smartphones, tablets, or computers. These platforms often provide features such as hints, timer functionality, and the ability to solve puzzles collaboratively.

Crossword Puzzle Communities

Crossword puzzle communities thrive online, where solvers can connect, share solving strategies, and discuss their favorite puzzles. Websites, forums, and social media groups dedicated to crosswords provide a space for enthusiasts to engage with like-minded individuals and celebrate the joy of puzzling together.

Crossword Construction as an Art

Creating crossword puzzles is an art form in itself. Constructors meticulously craft grids, carefully selecting words and clues to create an enjoyable and challenging solving experience. The process requires a deep understanding of language, wordplay, and grid design principles.

Crosswords and Personalized Puzzles

Personalized crossword puzzles have gained popularity as unique and thoughtful gifts. These customized puzzles can be tailored to include personal names, inside jokes, or specific themes, making them a memorable and personalized way to celebrate special occasions.

Crosswords as a Source of Entertainment

Above all, crosswords serve as a source of entertainment and mental stimulation for millions of people worldwide. They provide a break from the daily routine, a moment of relaxation, and a chance to exercise the mind in a playful and engaging way.


As we wrap up our exploration of the intriguing world of crossword puzzles, we hope these 19 facts and figures have piqued your curiosity and deepened your appreciation for this timeless pastime. Whether you’re a crossword enthusiast or a newcomer to the puzzle-solving journey, remember that each crossword holds its own unique challenges and rewards. So grab a pen, sharpen your wit, and embark on a crossword adventure that will continue to captivate and delight for years to come.

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