Kathlin Betz

Kathlin Betz

Published: 20 Sep 2023

Source: Khirokitia.org

Khirokitia, also known as Choirokoitia, is an ancient village located on the island of Cyprus. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the most important archaeological sites in the Mediterranean region. The village is remarkable for its well-preserved ruins, offering a unique glimpse into the lives of Neolithic people who lived there over 9,000 years ago. Khirokitia provides a fascinating insight into the early human settlement and the development of complex societies.In this article, we will delve into the extraordinary facts about Khirokitia that make it a must-visit landmark for history enthusiasts and archaeology lovers. From its advanced architectural features to its intriguing burial rituals, Khirokitia is a testament to the innovative and sophisticated civilization that once thrived in this area. So, let’s embark on a journey through time and explore the wonders of this ancient village on the beautiful island of Cyprus.

Key Takeaways:

  • Khirokitia is a fascinating Neolithic settlement in Cyprus, offering a glimpse into ancient civilization through well-preserved houses, artifacts, and burial sites.
  • The site reveals an advanced society engaged in long-distance trade, agriculture, and elaborate burial rituals, providing valuable insights into prehistoric life in Cyprus.
Table of Contents

The Only Neolithic Settlement in Cyprus

Khirokitia is the only Neolithic settlement found in Cyprus, dating back to around 7000 BC. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and provides valuable insights into the ancient civilization that existed in the region.

A Remarkably Well-Preserved Site

Khirokitia stands out for its exceptional state of preservation. The site was abandoned around 6000 BC and remained undisturbed for thousands of years. As a result, archaeologists were able to uncover intact houses, streets, and even burial sites, offering a unique window into the past.

Advanced Architectural Design

The dwellings at Khirokitia were constructed with a high level of sophistication. The circular houses, made of stone and mudbrick, had multiple rooms and were designed to withstand the test of time. The complex social structure of the community is evident in the layout of these houses.

Intricate Pottery and Artifacts

Excavations at Khirokitia have unearthed a wide range of intricate pottery and artifacts. These items provide valuable insights into the daily life, rituals, and artistic expressions of the people who once inhabited the settlement.

The Mystery of the Troodos Ophiolite

Khirokitia is located near the Troodos Ophiolite, a geological formation consisting of oceanic crust and upper mantle rocks. The origin of the rocks used in the construction of the settlement remains a fascinating mystery, as they are not found in the immediate vicinity.

A Complex Trading Network

The presence of imported goods such as obsidian from Anatolia and seashells from the Mediterranean Sea suggests that Khirokitia had a complex trading network. This indicates that the ancient inhabitants were engaged in long-distance trade, highlighting their advanced societal connections.

An Agro-pastoral Society

Evidence from Khirokitia indicates that the people were primarily engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry. The presence of domesticated animals and agricultural tools points to an agro-pastoral society that relied on farming and herding for their sustenance.

Elaborate Burial Rituals

The discovery of elaborate burial sites at Khirokitia indicates that the community had intricate burial rituals. Grave goods, such as pottery and personal items, were often interred with the deceased, providing insights into their beliefs and customs surrounding death.

A Window into Prehistoric Life

Khirokitia offers a unique glimpse into the prehistoric way of life in Cyprus. The well-preserved remains and artifacts shed light on various aspects of their society, including their economy, social structure, and cultural practices.


In conclusion, Khirokitia is an extraordinary archaeological site that offers a fascinating glimpse into the ancient past. Its well-preserved remains, unique architectural features, and advanced civilization make it a truly remarkable landmark. From its circular dwellings to its sophisticated pottery, Khirokitia provides valuable insights into the Neolithic period in Cyprus.

Visiting Khirokitia allows you to step back in time and experience the daily life of the people who inhabited this ancient village. Whether you are an archaeology enthusiast or simply curious about history, a trip to Khirokitia is sure to leave you in awe of the ingenious civilization that once thrived in this part of the world.

So, plan your visit to Khirokitia and immerse yourself in the rich history and captivating stories that this remarkable landmark has to offer.


1. How old is Khirokitia?

Khirokitia dates back to around 7000 B.C., making it around 9,000 years old.

2. What is the significance of Khirokitia?

Khirokitia is significant because it provides valuable insights into the social and economic development of a Neolithic community. Its advanced architecture and well-preserved artifacts shed light on the early stages of human civilization.

3. Can visitors explore the site?

Yes, visitors can explore the site and get a close-up look at the circular dwellings, stone walls, and other remarkable features of Khirokitia. There are guided tours available to provide a deeper understanding of the site’s history.

4. Are there any exhibitions or museums at Khirokitia?

Yes, there is a visitor center at Khirokitia that features exhibits showcasing the archaeological finds from the site. The exhibits provide further context and information about the ancient civilization that once inhabited Khirokitia.

5. Is Khirokitia a UNESCO World Heritage site?

No, Khirokitia is not currently listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site. However, it is recognized as an important archaeological site by the Cyprus Department of Antiquities.

6. Can I take photographs at Khirokitia?

Yes, visitors are generally allowed to take photographs at Khirokitia. However, professional photography or filming for commercial purposes may require special permits.

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