Joelle Leija

Joelle Leija

Published: 14 Sep 2023


When it comes to iconic landmarks in Nepal, Boudhanath Stupa stands out as a truly remarkable sight. Located on the outskirts of Kathmandu, this majestic structure is not only a UNESCO World Heritage Site but also one of the largest spherical stupas in the world. With a history dating back over 1,500 years, Boudhanath Stupa holds immense cultural and religious significance for Buddhists around the globe.

But what makes Boudhanath Stupa truly special are the fascinating facts that surround it. From its remarkable architectural design to its intriguing legends and rituals, there is much to discover about this sacred site. In this article, we will delve into 18 unbelievable facts about Boudhanath Stupa that will leave you amazed and inspired.

Table of Contents

Ancient Origins

Boudhanath Stupa, located in Kathmandu, Nepal, has a rich history that dates back over 1,500 years. It is one of the oldest and largest Buddhist stupas in the world.

Magnificent Size

The Boudhanath Stupa stands at an impressive height of 36 meters (118 feet) with a diameter of 120 meters (394 feet), making it one of the tallest and largest spherical stupas in Nepal.


The architecture of the Boudhanath Stupa reflects several Buddhist symbols. The dome symbolizes the world, while the eyes painted on each side of the stupa represent wisdom and compassion.

UNESCO World Heritage Site

In 1979, Boudhanath Stupa was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, recognizing its cultural and historical significance. It remains an important pilgrimage site for Buddhists around the world.

Miracle of Preservation

Despite being heavily damaged by the devastating earthquake in 2015, Boudhanath Stupa was meticulously restored, showcasing the resilience of the Nepalese people and their devotion to their heritage.

Sacred Prayer Wheels

Surrounding the Boudhanath Stupa are hundreds of prayer wheels, each containing sacred Buddhist mantras. Devotees spin the wheels as an act of devotion and to accumulate positive karma.

Gathering Spot for Rituals

Boudhanath Stupa attracts Buddhists from all walks of life who come together to perform kora, a ritual circumambulation of the stupa, as a form of meditation and spiritual practice.

Home to Monasteries

Within the vicinity of Boudhanath Stupa are numerous monasteries and meditation centers, making it a hub for learning and practicing Buddhism.

Festivals and Celebrations

Every year, during the Tibetan New Year and other auspicious occasions, Boudhanath Stupa becomes a vibrant hub of festivities, with colorful prayer flags, rituals, and dances.

Celestial Umbrella

At the pinnacle of the Boudhanath Stupa is a gilded canopy, known as the harmika, adorned with a ceremonial pole (yasti) and a series of thirteen steps (dhatu) symbolizing the journey through enlightenment.

Magnetic Energies

Many believe that Boudhanath Stupa emits powerful positive energies, creating a calming and peaceful ambiance that attracts both devotees and visitors seeking solace.

Preservation Efforts

Boudhanath Stupa has undergone several restoration projects over the years to ensure its preservation, with a strong focus on maintaining its historical authenticity and architectural integrity.

Magnetic Compass

The orientation of Boudhanath Stupa aligns with the cardinal directions, serving as a symbolic representation of the Buddhist teachings that guide one’s journey toward enlightenment.

Global Attraction

Boudhanath Stupa attracts visitors from all over the world who come to experience its spiritual aura, architectural grandeur, and the vibrant atmosphere surrounding the stupa.

Butter Lamps Illumination

During special ceremonies and festivals, devotees light butter lamps around the Boudhanath Stupa, creating a mesmerizing glow that symbolizes the dispelling of darkness and ignorance.

Guardians of the Four Directions

At the base of the Boudhanath Stupa, you can find four pairs of all-seeing eyes, representing the watchful guardians who protect and guide devotees in their spiritual journeys.

Melting Pot of Culture

Boudhanath Stupa is not only a place of religious significance but also a vibrant melting pot of diverse cultures, where locals, expats, and travelers come together in harmony.

Global Cultural Exchange

Boudhanath Stupa serves as a meeting place for individuals from various Buddhist traditions, fostering intercultural dialogue and the exchange of ideas and practices.


Boudhanath Stupa is truly a remarkable landmark that holds immense historical, cultural, and religious significance. Its unique design, massive size, and intricate details attract visitors from all over the world. From its spiritual ambiance to its stunning architecture, Boudhanath Stupa offers a captivating experience that leaves visitors in awe.

Whether you are a seasoned traveler or a curious adventurer, Boudhanath Stupa is a must-visit destination that will leave a lasting impression. Its rich heritage and spiritual aura make it a place of immense importance for both locals and tourists alike. So next time you find yourself in Kathmandu, make sure to visit Boudhanath Stupa and discover the incredible wonders it has to offer.


Q: What is the history behind Boudhanath Stupa?

A: Boudhanath Stupa has a history dating back over 1,500 years. It is believed to have been built shortly after the passing of the Buddha, making it one of the oldest and holiest Buddhist sites in Nepal.

Q: What is the significance of Boudhanath Stupa?

A: Boudhanath Stupa holds immense religious significance for Buddhists. It is regarded as a place of enlightenment and pilgrimage. The stupa also symbolizes the five elements of earth, water, fire, air, and space, representing the harmony of the universe.

Q: How tall is Boudhanath Stupa?

A: Boudhanath Stupa stands at an impressive height of 36 meters (118 feet) and is one of the largest spherical stupas in Nepal.

Q: What can visitors expect when visiting Boudhanath Stupa?

A: Visitors can expect a serene and spiritual atmosphere at Boudhanath Stupa. They can participate in prayer and meditation rituals, circumambulate the stupa, browse through the surrounding Tibetan markets, and immerse themselves in the vibrant culture of the area.

Q: Is Boudhanath Stupa accessible to tourists of all faiths?

A: Yes, absolutely. Boudhanath Stupa welcomes people of all faiths and backgrounds. It is a place of religious tolerance and cultural diversity.