Delcine Benavidez

Delcine Benavidez

Published: 14 Sep 2023


Shahr-e Gholghola, meaning the “City of Screams,” is a remarkable and captivating landmark located in central Afghanistan. This ancient city, also known as the “Ruined City,” holds a unique place in history and is steeped in mystery and folklore. From its spectacular ruins to its rich cultural heritage, Shahr-e Gholghola is a treasure trove for both history enthusiasts and adventure-seekers alike.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Shahr-e Gholghola and uncover 13 extraordinary facts about this historical site. Get ready to be transported back in time as we explore the ruins, the legends, and the secrets that make Shahr-e Gholghola a truly remarkable landmark. So, fasten your seatbelts and let’s embark on an exciting journey to unravel the mysteries of this ancient city.

Table of Contents

Shahr-e Gholghola is an ancient citadel located in Afghanistan.

Located in the Bamyan province of central Afghanistan, Shahr-e Gholghola stands as a testament to the rich history of the region.

The name Shahr-e Gholghola translates to “City of Screams” in Persian.

Legend has it that the name was given to the citadel because of the cries and screams that echoed through the valley during its capture by Mongol forces in the 13th century.

Shahr-e Gholghola was once a thriving Buddhist city.

Before its destruction, the citadel was a flourishing center of Buddhist culture and religion, with numerous monasteries and stupas dotting the landscape.

The citadel was built during the 9th century by the local rulers.

Shahr-e Gholghola was constructed as a strategic fortress to guard the trade routes in the region and to protect the local ruling dynasty.

Shahr-e Gholghola was conquered and destroyed by Genghis Khan’s Mongol army in 1221.

The ruthless Mongol forces laid siege to the citadel, leading to its eventual capture and complete devastation.

The destruction of Shahr-e Gholghola is believed to have taken several days.

Genghis Khan’s army employed a systematic and brutal approach, using advanced siege techniques to bring down the walls of the citadel, resulting in its complete annihilation.

The ruins of Shahr-e Gholghola include remnants of the citadel’s walls and structures.

Visitors to the site can still witness the remains of the once magnificent city, with fragments of walls and crumbling structures serving as a poignant reminder of its former grandeur.

Shahr-e Gholghola is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In 2003, the site was designated as a World Heritage Site, highlighting its historical and cultural significance on a global scale.

The citadel is surrounded by breathtaking natural beauty.

Nestled among the picturesque mountains of Bamyan, Shahr-e Gholghola offers visitors not only a glimpse into the past but also stunning vistas of the surrounding landscape.

Archaeological excavations have uncovered valuable artifacts at Shahr-e Gholghola.

Over the years, archaeologists have unearthed a treasure trove of Buddhist sculptures, pottery, and other artifacts, providing valuable insight into the ancient history of the region.

The reconstruction of Shahr-e Gholghola is a hopeful endeavor for the future.

Efforts are underway to restore and rebuild parts of the citadel, aiming to preserve its heritage and raise awareness of its historical significance.

Shahr-e Gholghola attracts tourists and history enthusiasts from around the world.

Despite its turbulent past, the ancient citadel continues to captivate visitors who are drawn to its enigmatic charm and intriguing history.

Shahr-e Gholghola serves as a symbol of resilience and the enduring spirit of the Afghan people.

The survival of Shahr-e Gholghola against the ravages of time and its enduring presence serves as a testament to the resilience and strength of the Afghan people.


Shahr-e Gholghola, an ancient city located in Afghanistan, is a treasure trove of extraordinary facts and historical significance. From its tragic destruction to the magnificent archaeological remnants, this city continues to captivate visitors from around the world. The stories that surround Shahr-e Gholghola serve as a testament to the resilience of the human spirit and the lasting impact of past civilizations.

As you explore the ruins of Shahr-e Gholghola, you will encounter the remnants of a once-flourishing city that was brutally devastated. The awe-inspiring views from the citadel and the tragic tale behind its collapse will leave you pondering the fragility of human existence. The ancient artifacts and archaeological discoveries found here offer glimpses of a prosperous past and provide valuable insights into the culture and civilization of this lost city.

Visiting Shahr-e Gholghola is a journey through time, where you can witness the resilience of ancient civilizations and marvel at their architectural prowess. This site stands as a testament to the impermanence of power and the inevitability of change. Shahr-e Gholghola serves as a poignant reminder of the delicate nature of human achievements and the importance of preserving our rich historical heritage.


1. How old is Shahr-e Gholghola?

Shahr-e Gholghola dates back to the 13th century, making it over 700 years old.

2. What is the significance of Shahr-e Gholghola?

Shahr-e Gholghola holds immense historical significance as it was one of the largest and most prosperous cities in the region during its time. It was also the capital of the Ghorid Empire.

3. Why is Shahr-e Gholghola called the “City of Screams”?

Shahr-e Gholghola earned the nickname “City of Screams” due to the tragic events that led to its destruction. It is believed that the Mongols attacked the city, resulting in a fierce battle that ended with the entire city being massacred.

4. Can visitors enter the ruins of Shahr-e Gholghola?

Yes, visitors can explore the ruins of Shahr-e Gholghola. However, it is essential to respect the historical significance of the site and follow any guidelines or restrictions set by the authorities.

5. Are there any guided tours available for Shahr-e Gholghola?

Guided tours are available for Shahr-e Gholghola, and they offer valuable insights into the history and significance of the site. It is recommended to engage the services of a qualified guide to enhance your experience and understanding of the ancient city.