Vita Kangas

Vita Kangas

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


Kandahar, also known as Quandahar, is a historically significant city located in southern Afghanistan. With a rich cultural heritage that dates back thousands of years, Kandahar holds a special place in the heart of the Afghan people. This captivating city is home to a diverse population, bustling markets, and iconic landmarks that tell tales of its vibrant past.

As one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, Kandahar has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous civilizations, from ancient empires to modern conflicts. Its strategic location along ancient trade routes has shaped its history and made it a coveted prize for conquerors throughout the centuries.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating realm of Kandahar, uncovering intriguing facts about its history, culture, and landmarks. From its legendary origins to its resilience in the face of adversity, Kandahar has a story unlike any other city in the world.

Table of Contents

Kandahar is one of the oldest cities in the world.

With a history dating back over 3,000 years, Kandahar has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous civilizations.

The city’s name has evolved over time.

Kandahar is its modern name, but it has been referred to as Iskandarayana, Alexandria Arachosia, and Gandhara in ancient texts.

Kandahar was a vital center along the Silk Road.

As a major stopover on the Silk Road, Kandahar thrived as a hub for trade and cultural exchange between the East and West.

The city has a strategic location.

Kandahar is situated in a fertile valley between the Arghandab and Helmand rivers, making it a crucial military and trading point throughout history.

Kandahar was once the capital of the Islamic Caliphate.

During the 10th century, Kandahar served as the capital of the Islamic Caliphate under the rule of the famous Abbasid Caliph, Al-Mu’tadid.

The city has seen its fair share of conquerors.

Kandahar has been conquered by various empires, including the Persian Achaemenids, the Mauryans, the Greeks, the Arabs, the Mongols, and the British.

Kandahar is renowned for its distinct cuisine.

The city’s culinary delights include mouth-watering kebabs, flavorful Afghan rice dishes, and traditional desserts like sheer khurma.

Kandahar boasts a rich cultural heritage.

From traditional Pashtun dances and music to unique handicrafts and embroidery, the city is a treasure trove of Afghan culture.

The iconic Kandahar Citadel stands proudly in the city.

The Kandahar Citadel, also known as the Arg-e Kandahar, is a fortified complex that has stood for centuries and reflects the city’s historical importance.

Kandahar is known for its vineyards and pomegranate orchards.

The region surrounding Kandahar is fertile and ideal for cultivating grapes and pomegranates, resulting in delicious local produce.

Alexander the Great once conquered Kandahar.

During his conquests, Alexander the Great captured Kandahar and established the settlement of Alexandria Arachosia.

The city flourished under the Ghaznavid Empire.

Kandahar experienced a period of prosperity and cultural growth during the rule of the Ghaznavids in the 11th century.

Kandahar is home to the famous Shrine of the Cloak.

The Shrine of the Cloak, or Kherqa Shareef, is a revered Islamic site believed to contain a cloak worn by the Prophet Muhammad.

The Babaji Kandahari melon is highly sought after.

Kandahar is renowned for its sweet and juicy melons, particularly the variety known as Babaji Kandahari melon.

Kandahar is a city of poets.

The city has produced numerous renowned poets throughout history, contributing to the rich literary heritage of Afghanistan.

Kandahar is famous for its handwoven rugs.

The city’s skilled artisans create intricate and beautiful rugs that are sought after worldwide.

Kandahar has a strategic military significance.

Due to its location, the city has been a center of military operations for various powers, including the Taliban and international forces.

Kandahar has a dry desert climate.

The city experiences hot summers and mild winters, with limited rainfall throughout the year.

The Kandahar Airport is a vital transportation hub.

Kandahar International Airport serves as a crucial gateway for both military and civilian flights.

The city has faced challenges due to conflict.

Kandahar has been heavily affected by the ongoing conflict in Afghanistan, enduring periods of instability and violence.

Kandahar was an important center of Islamic scholarship.

The city was home to prominent Islamic scholars and madrasas, contributing to the spread of knowledge and education.

Kandahar is famous for its hospitality.

The people of Kandahar are known for their warm and welcoming nature, offering generous hospitality to visitors.

The city has breathtaking natural beauty.

Kandahar is surrounded by stunning landscapes, including rugged mountains, picturesque valleys, and lush greenery.

Kandahar is home to the famous Arghandab River.

The Arghandab River flows through the city, providing water for agriculture and adding to the scenic beauty of the region.

Kandahar has a diverse population.

The city is home to various ethnic groups, including Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazaras, and Balochis, creating a rich multicultural tapestry.

The city has faced the challenges of urbanization.

Kandahar has undergone significant urban development in recent decades, grappling with issues such as infrastructure and housing.

Kandahar is known for its orange groves.

The city’s fertile soil supports the growth of vibrant orange orchards, resulting in delicious, locally grown oranges.

Kandahar played a significant role in the Soviet-Afghan War.

The city was a major frontline battleground during the Soviet-Afghan War in the 1980s.

Kandahar is home to the Kandahar University.

The Kandahar University serves as an important center of learning and higher education in the region.

The city has a vibrant bazaar culture.

The bustling markets of Kandahar offer a wide array of goods, from spices and textiles to handmade crafts and jewelry.

Kandahar has a rich tradition of storytelling.

The city has a long-standing tradition of oral storytelling, with captivating tales passed down through generations.

The Kandahar Museum showcases the city’s history.

The Kandahar Museum displays a collection of artifacts that shed light on the city’s ancient past and cultural heritage.

Kandahar has been a center for opium production.

The region surrounding Kandahar has been associated with opium cultivation, posing challenges for local authorities.

The city celebrates various cultural festivals.

Kandahar hosts festivals such as Eid al-Fitr and Nowruz, offering opportunities for locals and visitors to come together in celebration.

Kandahar has a strong tradition of craftsmanship.

The city’s artisans excel in woodworking, metalwork, and pottery, creating exquisite pieces of art and functional objects.

The city has faced challenges in rebuilding.

Following years of conflict, Kandahar has been in the process of rebuilding its infrastructure and revitalizing its economy.

Kandahar is known for its traditional wrestling.

The sport of wrestling holds a special place in Kandahar’s culture, with tournaments and competitions showcasing local talent.

Kandahar is a city of religious significance.

The city is home to numerous mosques, shrines, and religious sites, attracting pilgrims from across the country.

Kandahar has a vibrant music scene.

The city’s musicians specialize in traditional Afghan music, with instruments such as the rubab and tabla being prominent.

The city has a strong agricultural sector.

Kandahar is known for its production of fruits, vegetables, and grains, contributing to the agricultural economy of Afghanistan.

Kandahar is home to the iconic Blue Mosque.

The Blue Mosque, also known as the Shrine of Baba Wali, is a striking architectural marvel adorned with beautiful blue tiles.

The city is a center for traditional Afghan crafts.

Skilled craftsmen in Kandahar produce intricate embroidery, beautiful jewelry, and exquisite pottery.

Kandahar is known for its love of poetry.

Poetry holds a special place in Kandahar’s cultural fabric, with poetry recitals and gatherings being popular among locals.

The city is famous for its traditional Kandahari knives.

Kandahar is renowned for its high-quality knives, crafted by skilled artisans and cherished as valuable souvenirs.

Kandahar is an important agricultural trade center.

The city serves as a key hub for the trading of agricultural products, connecting farmers to markets nationwide.

The city has a unique architectural style.

Kandahar’s buildings often feature distinctive mud-brick construction and intricate geometric designs.

Kandahar holds immense historical and cultural significance.

As one of Afghanistan’s oldest and most influential cities, Kandahar plays a vital role in shaping the country’s heritage and identity.

These 47 facts are just a glimpse into the fascinating history, culture, and traditions of Kandahar (Quandahar). Explore this magnificent city and discover its hidden gems for yourself, immersing in the vibrant past and present that make Kandahar truly extraordinary.


Overall, Kandahar (Quandahar) is a city rich in history, culture, and diversity. From its ancient roots as a trading center along the Silk Road to its role as a strategic city in modern conflicts, it has withstood the test of time and continues to thrive. With its stunning landmarks, bustling bazaars, and welcoming communities, Kandahar offers a unique experience to all who visit.Whether you’re interested in exploring historical sites, engaging in outdoor adventures, or simply immersing yourself in the local customs and traditions, Kandahar has something to offer everyone. From the majestic beauty of the Arghandab River to the architectural wonders of the Friday Mosque, this city never fails to leave a lasting impression.As you navigate through the streets of Kandahar, you’ll uncover the stories of its past and witness the resilience of its people. So, if you’re looking for an authentic and unforgettable travel experience, Kandahar is the place to be.


1. What is the history of Kandahar?
Kandahar has a rich history dating back over 3,000 years. It served as a major center along the Silk Road and was an important trading hub in ancient times. It has also been a strategic city in various conflicts, including the Soviet-Afghan War and the ongoing War in Afghanistan.

2. What are some popular landmarks in Kandahar?
Some popular landmarks in Kandahar include the Friday Mosque (also known as the Mosque of the Cloak of the Prophet Muhammad), the Mausoleum of Ahmad Shah Durrani, and the Citadel of Kandahar. These landmarks showcase the city’s rich architectural heritage.

3. Is Kandahar safe for tourists?
The security situation in Kandahar can be volatile due to ongoing conflicts in the region. It is advisable to stay informed about current travel advisories and consult with local authorities or tour operators before visiting the city.

4. What is the climate like in Kandahar?
Kandahar experiences a dry desert climate, characterized by hot summers and mild winters. The temperature can reach extreme highs during the summer months, so it is advisable to plan your visit accordingly and stay hydrated.

5. What are some local customs and traditions in Kandahar?
Hospitality is highly valued in Kandahar, and it is customary to greet others with warmth and respect. Traditional Afghan cuisine, such as kebabs and pulao, is popular in the region. It is important to respect local customs and dress modestly when visiting religious sites.

6. How do I get to Kandahar?
Kandahar can be accessed by air through the Kandahar International Airport, which offers both domestic and international flights. It is also possible to reach the city by road or rail, depending on your location.

7. Are there accommodations available in Kandahar?
Yes, there are various accommodations available in Kandahar, ranging from budget-friendly options to luxury hotels. It is advisable to book your accommodations in advance, particularly during peak travel seasons.

8. What are some local delicacies to try in Kandahar?
Some local delicacies to try in Kandahar include mantu (steamed dumplings), bolani (stuffed flatbread), and sheer khurma (a traditional Afghan dessert). These dishes offer a delicious glimpse into the local culinary traditions.

9. Can I explore the surrounding areas of Kandahar?
Yes, there are several areas surrounding Kandahar that are worth exploring, such as the Spin Boldak border town and the picturesque Arghandab Valley. It is advisable to plan your trips with a reputable tour guide for safety reasons.

10. What other attractions are there near Kandahar?
Near Kandahar, you can visit the ancient city of Herat, known for its stunning Islamic architecture, or take a trip to the legendary Bamiyan Valley, home to the towering Buddha statues carved into the cliffs.