Kalinda Marcum

Kalinda Marcum

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023

Source: Bbc.co.uk

Welcome to Baku, the vibrant and enchanting capital city of Azerbaijan! This remarkable city, located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, is a captivating blend of ancient history and modern sophistication. With a rich cultural heritage dating back thousands of years, Baku is a true gem of the Caucasus region. From its unique architecture and stunning landscapes to its delicious cuisine and warm hospitality, there are countless reasons why Baku is a must-visit destination. In this article, we will delve into 46 fascinating facts about Baku that will give you a deeper insight into this remarkable city. So, get ready to embark on a journey of discovery and uncover the secrets of Baku, one fact at a time!

Table of Contents

Baku’s History Dates Back to Ancient Times

Baku has a history that spans over 2,000 years, with archaeological artifacts suggesting human habitation as early as the Stone Age.

Baku is Home to UNESCO World Heritage Sites

There are three UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Baku – the Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah’s Palace and Maiden Tower, the Gobustan Rock Art Cultural Landscape, and the Ateshgah of Baku.

The Flame Towers Define Baku’s Skyline

The iconic Flame Towers, a trio of skyscrapers, have become the modern architectural symbol of Baku. The towers are illuminated at night, resembling flames that light up the city.

Baku is Known for its Modern Flame-shaped Heydar Aliyev Center

The Heydar Aliyev Center, designed by renowned architect Zaha Hadid, is a futuristic building that showcases innovative design concepts and hosts various cultural events.

Baku is a City of Contrasts

Baku seamlessly combines traditional elements with futuristic architecture, old cobbled streets with modern boulevards, and ancient historical sites with contemporary attractions.

The Caspian Sea Borders Baku

Baku is located on the shores of the Caspian Sea, which is the largest enclosed body of water on Earth.

Baku is the Lowest Lying Capital in the World

Located 28 meters below sea level, Baku holds the distinction of being the lowest lying capital city globally.

The City is a Major Cultural Hub

Baku is well-known for its vibrant cultural scene, hosting various renowned music festivals, art exhibitions, and international sporting events.

Baku’s Maiden Tower Tells a Mysterious Story

The Maiden Tower, an iconic landmark in Baku, has puzzled historians for centuries with its unknown purpose and origin.

Baku is Surrounded by the Absheron Peninsula

The Absheron Peninsula, with its unique landscapes and natural reserves, encircles Baku, offering breathtaking views of the Caspian Sea.

The Carpet Museum Showcases Azerbaijan’s Rich Heritage

The Azerbaijan Carpet Museum, located in Baku, displays a vast collection of Azerbaijani carpets and rugs, showcasing the country’s ancient craftsmanship.

Baku’s Fountain Square is a Vibrant Social Hub

Fountain Square, located in the heart of Baku, is a bustling area filled with cafes, shops, and fountains that come alive during the evenings.

The Baku Jazz Festival Attracts World-class Musicians

Baku annually hosts the Baku Jazz Festival, a renowned international event that attracts world-class jazz musicians and enthusiasts from around the globe.

The Iconic Baku Boulevard Stretches Along the Caspian Sea

Baku Boulevard is a picturesque promenade that stretches for about 3.5 kilometers along the Caspian Sea, offering stunning views and recreational activities.

Baku’s Gobustan National Park is a Window to Prehistoric Times

Gobustan National Park, located on the outskirts of Baku, is famous for its rock art engravings, showcasing scenes from the lives of prehistoric people.

The Maiden Tower is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Maiden Tower, a symbol of Baku’s rich history, is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and provides panoramic views of the city.

Baku is Home to Numerous Galleries and Museums

Baku boasts a wide range of art galleries and museums, including the Museum of Modern Art, National History Museum, and National Museum of Art.

The Flame Towers Host a Luxury Hotel

The Fairmont Baku, located within one of the Flame Towers, offers a luxurious stay with stunning views of the city skyline and the Caspian Sea.

Baku’s Taza Pir Mosque is a Stunning Architectural Marvel

Taza Pir Mosque, with its intricate designs and grandeur, is a prominent religious site in Baku and attracts visitors with its captivating beauty.

Baku’s Flag Square Showcases One of the Tallest Flagpoles

Baku’s Flag Square proudly displays one of the tallest flagpoles in the world, hoisting the Azerbaijani flag, which measures an impressive 162 meters.

Baku is Famous for Its Delicious Cuisine

Baku offers a unique culinary experience, with traditional Azerbaijani dishes such as kebabs, pilaf, pomegranate-based sauces, and mouthwatering sweets.

The Baku Metro System Reflects Soviet-era Architecture

Baku’s metro system features stunning Soviet-era architecture, with intricate chandeliers, marble walls, and beautifully designed stations.

Heydar Aliyev International Airport Connects Baku to the World

Heydar Aliyev International Airport serves as the primary gateway to Baku, providing convenient connections to numerous international destinations.

Baku is a City of Parks and Green Spaces

The city of Baku boasts numerous parks and green spaces, including Samad Vurgun Park, Sahil Park, and Dendropark, providing tranquil retreats from the bustling city center.

The Baku Crystal Hall Hosted the Eurovision Song Contest

In 2012, Baku’s Crystal Hall became the venue for the Eurovision Song Contest, captivating audiences with its modern design and state-of-the-art facilities.

Baku’s Nizami Street is a Shopper’s Paradise

Nizami Street, known as Torgovaya or Torgovyi, is a bustling pedestrian street filled with shops, boutiques, cafes, and restaurants, offering a vibrant shopping experience.

Baku is a City of Festivals and Celebrations

Baku hosts a variety of colorful festivals and celebrations throughout the year, including Novruz, Baku International Film Festival, and the Baku Shopping Festival.

The Baku TV Tower Offers Panoramic Views

Standing at an impressive height of 310 meters, the Baku TV Tower provides visitors with breathtaking panoramic views of the city and its surroundings.

Baku’s Formula 1 Grand Prix Attracts Racing Enthusiasts

Since 2016, Baku has hosted the Formula 1 Azerbaijan Grand Prix, thrilling racing enthusiasts with its unique street circuit and scenic views.

Baku’s Architecture is a Blend of East and West

The architecture of Baku showcases a fusion of Eastern and Western influences, with elements of Islamic, Soviet, and modern designs.

The Temple of Fire Ateshgah is a Religious Landmark

The Ateshgah Temple, also known as the Temple of Fire, is a unique religious site in Baku that was once a place of worship for Zoroastrians.

Baku’s Upland Park Provides Panoramic Views

Upland Park, located on a hill overlooking Baku, offers stunning panoramic views of the cityscape, the Caspian Sea, and the Flame Towers.

Baku’s Pomegranate Festival Celebrates Local Fruit

Every year, Baku hosts the Pomegranate Festival, a vibrant celebration of the iconic Azerbaijani fruit, featuring various activities, music, and food stalls.

Baku’s Philharmonic Hall is an Architectural Gem

The Baku Philharmonic Hall, designed in the neoclassical style, is a magnificent concert hall known for its exceptional acoustics and elegant interiors.

Baku’s Park Bulvar is a Modern Shopping Center

Park Bulvar, located by the Caspian Sea, is a modern shopping center offering a wide range of international brands, entertainment options, and dining choices.

Baku’s Ancient Walls Surround the Old City

The fortified walls surrounding Baku’s Old City, also known as Icherisheher, date back to the 12th century and provide a glimpse into the city’s medieval past.

Baku’s Carpet Weaving Tradition is World-renowned

Azerbaijan is famous for its centuries-old carpet weaving tradition, and Baku is home to various workshops where visitors can witness the intricate craftsmanship.

Baku’s Tofik Bakhramov Stadium Hosted the UEFA Europa League Final

In 2019, Baku’s Tofik Bakhramov Stadium became the venue for the final match of the UEFA Europa League, showcasing the city’s capacity to host international sporting events.

Baku’s Mud Volcanoes are a Unique Natural Phenomenon

Baku is surrounded by a remarkable number of mud volcanoes, creating a surreal and otherworldly landscape that attracts scientists and tourists alike.

Baku’s Park of Miniatures Showcases Famous Landmarks

The Park of Miniatures in Baku features over 50 scale models of famous landmarks from Azerbaijan and around the world, allowing visitors to explore the world in miniature form.

Baku’s Nizami Museum Preserves Cultural Artifacts

The Nizami Museum of Azerbaijani Literature, located in Baku, houses a vast collection of manuscripts, rare books, and artworks of renowned Azerbaijani poets and writers.

Baku’s Yanar Dag is a Natural Fire Mountain

Yanar Dag, meaning “Burning Mountain,” is a natural phenomenon located near Baku where flames continuously burn due to the presence of natural gas.

Baku’s Inner City Hosts the Baku International Jazz Festival

The Inner City of Baku, with its historic charm, serves as the venue for the annual Baku International Jazz Festival, attracting jazz enthusiasts from around the world.

Baku’s Modern Architecture is a Sight to Behold

The cityscape of Baku features impressive and innovative modern architecture, transforming the city into a visual masterpiece.

Baku’s National Flag Square is an Architectural Marvel

Baku’s National Flag Square, boasting a spectacular lighting system, marks the entrance to the city and proudly displays the Azerbaijani flag.

Baku is a City of Hospitality

Baku’s residents are known for their warm hospitality, welcoming visitors and offering a glimpse into the rich culture and traditions of Azerbaijan.

These 46 facts about Baku highlight the city’s fascinating blend of history, modernity, culture, and natural beauty. From ancient UNESCO sites to innovative architectural wonders, Baku has something to offer every visitor. Explore the vibrant streets, savor the delicious cuisine, and immerse yourself in the enchanting charm of “The City of Winds.”


Baku, the capital city of Azerbaijan, is a captivating destination that offers a plethora of attractions and a rich history. With its stunning architecture, vibrant culture, and scenic beauty, Baku has something to offer every traveler. Whether you’re interested in exploring ancient landmarks like the Maiden Tower, indulging in delicious Azerbaijani cuisine, or enjoying the mesmerizing views along the Caspian Sea, Baku will leave you spellbound.As you delve into the 46 fascinating facts about Baku, you’ll discover the city’s transformation from a medieval trading post to a modern metropolis. From its booming oil industry to its rich cultural heritage, Baku has become a symbol of progress and innovation in the region.So, pack your bags and embark on a journey to this captivating city. Explore its historical sites, immerse yourself in the local culture, and create memories that will last a lifetime. Baku is ready to welcome you with open arms and unveil its hidden treasures.


1. What is the best time to visit Baku?

The best time to visit Baku is during the spring (April to June) and autumn (September to November) when the weather is pleasant and temperatures are comfortable for sightseeing.

2. Do I need a visa to visit Baku?

Visitors from many countries are eligible for a visa-free entry to Azerbaijan, including Baku, for a certain duration. However, it’s always recommended to check with your local embassy or consulate for the latest visa requirements.

3. What are the must-visit attractions in Baku?

Some of the must-visit attractions in Baku include the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, the Flame Towers, the Heydar Aliyev Center, and the iconic Maiden Tower.

4. Is English widely spoken in Baku?

English is not widely spoken in Baku, but you can usually communicate with some locals in English, especially in hotels, restaurants, and tourist areas.

5. What is the local currency in Baku?

The local currency in Baku is the Azerbaijani Manat (AZN). It’s recommended to carry some cash in local currency for small purchases, although credit cards are accepted in most establishments.

6. Is Baku a safe city for tourists?

Baku is generally a safe city for tourists. However, as with any travel destination, it’s important to take usual precautions like keeping an eye on your belongings and avoiding isolated or poorly lit areas at night.

7. What is the traditional food to try in Baku?

Some traditional Azerbaijani dishes to try in Baku include dolma (stuffed grape leaves), plov (pilaf), kebabs, and pakhlava (a sweet pastry).

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