Gisela Carrington

Gisela Carrington

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Duque de Caxias, also known as the “Warrior of the Empire,” is a city in Brazil that is rich in history and cultural significance. Located in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Duque de Caxias is named after Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, the Duke of Caxias, who played a pivotal role in the country’s military history.

This vibrant city offers a unique blend of historical landmarks, natural wonders, and a vibrant community that embodies the spirit of Brazil. From its stunning cathedrals to its fascinating museums, there is something for everyone to explore in Duque de Caxias.

In this article, we will dive into 41 fascinating facts about Duque de Caxias, shedding light on its rich heritage, captivating landmarks, and interesting trivia that make this city a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and adventure seekers alike.

Table of Contents

The Founding of Duque de Caxias

Named in honor of a Brazilian military hero, Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, known as Duque de Caxias, the city was officially founded on April 7, 1947.

Historical Significance

Duque de Caxias played a crucial role in Brazil’s history, particularly during the military campaigns of the 19th century, helping to establish order and stability in the country.

Vibrant Cultural Heritage

The city exudes a vibrant cultural heritage, with a diverse mix of Afro-Brazilian, Indigenous, and European influences shaping its traditions, music, and cuisine.

Historical Landmarks

Duque de Caxias is home to numerous historical landmarks, including the Duque de Caxias Palace, which showcases the beauty and grandeur of colonial architecture.

Breathtaking Natural Beauty

The city boasts stunning natural beauty, with its lush green parks, serene lakes, and the picturesque Serra do Mar mountain range offering breathtaking views and outdoor recreational opportunities.

Thriving Economy

Duque de Caxias has a thriving economy, with industries such as oil refining, petrochemicals, and manufacturing contributing to its growth and development.

Educational Institutions

The city is home to several prestigious educational institutions, including the Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, providing quality education and fostering intellectual growth.

Cultural Festivals

Throughout the year, Duque de Caxias hosts vibrant cultural festivals that celebrate music, dance, and local traditions, showcasing the city’s lively spirit.

Sports Legacy

The city has a strong sports legacy, producing talented athletes who have excelled in various sports, including soccer, basketball, and martial arts.

Accessible Transportation

Duque de Caxias has a well-connected transportation system, with easy access to Rio de Janeiro and other major cities, making it convenient for residents and visitors to explore the region.

Architectural Marvels

Architecture enthusiasts will be captivated by the city’s stunning architectural marvels, reflecting a blend of different styles from different periods.

Rich Gastronomy

Duque de Caxias offers a tantalizing culinary experience, with a wide range of delicious Brazilian and international cuisine to satisfy every palate.

Colonial Legacy

Several colonial-style buildings throughout the city showcase its colonial legacy, preserving the historical essence of Duque de Caxias.

The Natural Oasis of Tinguá Park

Tinguá Park, located in Duque de Caxias, is a natural oasis with lush tropical forests, stunning waterfalls, and diverse wildlife, providing a serene escape into nature.

Hub for Art and Culture

Art enthusiasts will find plenty to explore in Duque de Caxias, with its art galleries, theaters, and museums showcasing local talent and promoting cultural exchange.

Historical Museums

The city boasts several captivating museums, such as the Museu Ciência e Vida, which offer a glimpse into the rich history and scientific advancements of the region.

Duque de Caxias Day

Every April 25th, the city celebrates Duque de Caxias Day, honoring the military hero and commemorating the city’s proud heritage.

Cultural Diversity

Duque de Caxias is known for its cultural diversity, with people from various backgrounds and ethnicities coexisting harmoniously, creating a rich tapestry of traditions and customs.

Environmental Conservation

The city is taking proactive steps towards environmental conservation, with initiatives focused on preserving natural resources, promoting sustainable practices, and protecting wildlife.

Vibrant Nightlife

When the sun goes down, Duque de Caxias comes alive with a vibrant nightlife scene, offering a multitude of entertainment options, including lively bars, clubs, and live music venues.

Local Handicrafts

Visitors can explore the local markets in Duque de Caxias to discover unique handcrafted items, such as ceramics, textiles, and traditional artworks, showcasing the creativity of local artisans.

Historical Battle Sites

The city has several historical battle sites that serve as reminders of its military past, offering a glimpse into the struggles and triumphs of the Brazilian military forces.

Interactive Science Centers

Science enthusiasts can visit interactive science centers in Duque de Caxias, where they can engage in hands-on experiments, explore the wonders of technology, and learn about scientific breakthroughs.

Cultural Exchange Programs

Duque de Caxias actively promotes cultural exchange programs, fostering cross-cultural understanding and forging ties with international communities.

Botanical Gardens

The city is home to beautiful botanical gardens, where visitors can immerse themselves in the tranquility of nature while exploring a diverse range of plant species.

Historical Churches

Several historic churches can be found in Duque de Caxias, each with its unique architectural style and religious significance.

Carnival Celebrations

During Carnival season, Duque de Caxias comes alive with colorful parades, music, dancing, and a festive atmosphere that keeps the spirit of Brazilian Carnival traditions alive.

Green Spaces

The city takes pride in its well-maintained green spaces, providing residents and visitors with tranquil places to relax, exercise, and connect with nature.

Historical Monuments

Impressive historical monuments are scattered throughout Duque de Caxias, paying homage to important figures, events, and milestones in Brazil’s history.

Cultural Centers

Cultural centers in Duque de Caxias serve as hubs for artistic expression, offering exhibitions, workshops, and performances that promote creativity and cultural awareness.

Sports Facilities

The city boasts state-of-the-art sports facilities, providing athletes with top-notch training grounds and hosting various national and international sports events.

Environmental Education

Environmental education is a priority in Duque de Caxias, with initiatives aimed at raising awareness about conservation, sustainability, and the importance of preserving natural resources.

Music and Dance Festivals

From samba to forró, Duque de Caxias hosts vibrant music and dance festivals that showcase the diverse rhythms and talents of Brazilian performers.

Public Libraries

Library enthusiasts can explore the public libraries in Duque de Caxias, which offer a wealth of knowledge, resources, and opportunities for intellectual growth.

Indigenous Heritage

The city has a rich indigenous heritage, and efforts are being made to preserve and promote indigenous cultures, traditions, and languages.

Local Festivals

Throughout the year, Duque de Caxias hosts a variety of local festivals that celebrate food, music, dance, and other aspects of the city’s vibrant culture.

Historical Cemeteries

Several historical cemeteries in Duque de Caxias provide a glimpse into the city’s past, with ornate tombs and monuments paying tribute to influential figures.

Volunteer Opportunities

The city offers numerous volunteer opportunities, allowing individuals to make a positive impact on the community and contribute to meaningful social causes.

Street Art Scene

Duque de Caxias has a thriving street art scene, with colorful murals adorning its walls, reflecting the creativity and talent of local artists.

Historical Theaters

The city is home to historical theaters that have witnessed captivating performances and cultural events throughout the decades, preserving the art of storytelling.

Warm and Welcoming Community

Above all, Duque de Caxias prides itself on its warm and welcoming community, known for its hospitality and embracing visitors with open arms.


In conclusion, Duque de Caxias is a city with a rich history and a vibrant present. With 41 fascinating facts about the city, it’s clear that there is much to discover and explore. From its role as a military stronghold to its cultural significance, Duque de Caxias offers a unique blend of tradition and progress. Whether you’re interested in its famous landmarks, its diverse cuisine, or its thriving art scene, Duque de Caxias has something for everyone. So, the next time you visit Brazil, be sure to include Duque de Caxias in your travel itinerary to experience all that this captivating city has to offer.


1. What is the population of Duque de Caxias?

As of [year], the estimated population of Duque de Caxias is [population].

2. What is the main economic activity in Duque de Caxias?

The main economic activity in Duque de Caxias is [activity], which contributes significantly to the city’s economy.

3. Are there any famous landmarks in Duque de Caxias?

Yes, Duque de Caxias is home to several famous landmarks, such as [landmark 1], [landmark 2], and [landmark 3].

4. Is Duque de Caxias a safe city for tourists?

Duque de Caxias, like any other city, has its safety concerns. It is advisable to take necessary precautions and stay aware of your surroundings while visiting.

5. What is the best time to visit Duque de Caxias?

The best time to visit Duque de Caxias is during [season/month], when the weather is [weather description] and there are [special events/activities happening].

6. How can I get to Duque de Caxias?

You can reach Duque de Caxias by [mode of transportation], and there are several options available depending on your starting location.

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