Agretha Grim

Agretha Grim

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


Welcome to the beautiful city of Jhelum! Situated in the province of Punjab, Pakistan, Jhelum is a city steeped in rich history and possesses an abundance of cultural and natural attractions. From ancient archaeological sites to bustling markets and breathtaking landscapes, Jhelum has something for everyone. In this article, we will delve into 39 fascinating facts about Jhelum, shedding light on its historical significance, cultural heritage, famous landmarks, and much more. So, whether you are planning a visit to Jhelum or simply curious about this remarkable city, join us as we explore the hidden gems and intriguing facts that make Jhelum a truly mesmerizing destination.

Table of Contents

Ancient History

Jhelum has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It was an important part of the Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world’s oldest urban civilizations.

Strategic Location

Situated on the banks of the Jhelum River, the city serves as a crucial transportation hub connecting Punjab with Azad Kashmir and Northern Pakistan.

British Influence

Jhelum was a significant garrison town during the British Raj. Its strategic location along the Grand Trunk Road made it an important military center.

The Rohtas Fort

Near Jhelum lies the magnificent Rohtas Fort, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Built by Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century, this fortress is a testament to the region’s architectural prowess.

Historical Battlefields

Jhelum has witnessed numerous historic battles, including the Battle of the Hydaspes fought between Alexander the Great and King Porus in 326 BC.

Temples and Mosques

Jhelum is home to several ancient temples and mosques, each with its distinct architectural style and cultural significance.

Educational Hub

Known for its excellent educational institutions, Jhelum has produced many scholars, academicians, and professionals who have excelled in various fields.

Cultural Diversity

Jhelum is a melting pot of different cultures and ethnicities. The local population is a mix of Punjabis, Kashmiris, Pathans, and other ethnic groups.

Martial Arts Legacy

Jhelum has a strong tradition of martial arts, with many local practitioners excelling in disciplines such as Gatka, a traditional Sikh fighting style.

Lush Greenery

Surrounded by lush green fields and forests, Jhelum boasts breathtaking natural beauty that attracts nature lovers from far and wide.

Rasul Barrage

The Rasul Barrage, built on the Jhelum River, serves as a vital source of irrigation and hydroelectric power generation for the region.

Historical Landmarks

From the majestic temples of Rohtas to the ancient ruins of Saidpur, Jhelum is dotted with numerous historical landmarks that showcase its glorious past.

Agriculture and Livestock

Jhelum is an agricultural hub, known for its fertile lands and thriving livestock industry. The region produces a variety of crops, including wheat, rice, and sugarcane.

Festivals and Celebrations

Jhelum comes alive during festivals and celebrations, with colorful events such as Basant, Eid, and Mela Chiraghan bringing the community together in joyous spirit.

Religious Harmony

Various religious communities coexist peacefully in Jhelum, fostering an environment of religious tolerance and harmony.

Jhelum Cantonment

The Jhelum Cantonment is one of Pakistan’s oldest cantonments and houses a military base that played a crucial role during the country’s independence movement.

Rich Handicrafts

Jhelum is known for its exquisite handicrafts, including intricate woodwork, embroidery, pottery, and jewelry, reflecting the region’s artistic heritage.

Sports and Athletics

The city has produced several renowned athletes in various sports, with cricket, kabaddi, and football being popular among the locals.

Bhera City

Bhera, a historic town near Jhelum, was once an important stop on the ancient trade route connecting Central Asia with the Indian subcontinent.

Olive Orchards

Jhelum is famous for its thriving olive orchards, with the region’s olive oil gaining recognition both nationally and internationally.

Cultural Heritage Museum

The Cultural Heritage Museum in Jhelum showcases the region’s rich culture and history, displaying artifacts and exhibits that offer a glimpse into the past.

Bollywood Connections

Jhelum has produced many talented individuals who have made their mark in the Bollywood film industry, adding to the city’s cultural significance.


The neighborhood of Trilokpuri in Jhelum holds historical importance as one of the oldest settlements in the city, preserving the architectural charm of the bygone era.

Jhelum River Cruise

Visitors can embark on a scenic boat cruise along the Jhelum River, immersing themselves in the serene beauty of the surroundings.

Mughal Influence

Jhelum was under Mughal rule for several centuries, and traces of their architectural brilliance can still be found in the city’s historical structures.

Historical Gardens

Jhelum boasts several picturesque gardens that serve as peaceful retreats, offering a refreshing escape from the bustling city life.

Stone Carvings

Skilled stone carvers in Jhelum craft exquisite sculptures and intricate designs, showcasing their mastery in this ancient art form.

Dina City

Dina, a vibrant city near Jhelum, is known for its bustling bazaars, colorful festivals, and traditional handicrafts.

Water Sports

The Jhelum River provides a perfect playground for water sports enthusiasts, offering activities such as boating, jet skiing, and fishing.

Historical Libraries

Jhelum houses several well-established libraries that preserve valuable manuscripts, books, and historical documents, serving as a knowledge hub for researchers and scholars.

Vibrant Markets

The bustling markets of Jhelum are a paradise for shoppers, offering a wide array of goods, including textiles, handicrafts, fresh produce, and delicious street food.

Pakistan Railways

Jhelum is an important railway junction, with the Pakistan Railways’ main line passing through the city, connecting it to major cities across the country.

Kala Gujran

Kala Gujran, a town in Jhelum District, is famous for its salt mines and is a significant source of salt extraction in the region.

Historical Havelis

Jhelum is adorned with magnificent havelis (traditional mansions) that showcase the architectural grandeur of the past, reflecting the opulent lifestyle of the region’s elite.

Natural Reserves

Jhelum is surrounded by beautiful natural reserves, including the Khewra Salt Mines and Changa Manga Forest, offering visitors a chance to explore the region’s pristine wilderness.

Ghazi Mineral Water

Jhelum is home to Ghazi Mineral Water, a renowned brand known for its pure, mineral-rich water sourced from the pristine springs of the region.

Cultural Festivals

Jhelum hosts various cultural festivals throughout the year, where locals showcase their traditional music, dance, and folklore, creating a vibrant celebration of their heritage.

Natural Hot Springs

Hidden amidst the picturesque landscapes of Jhelum are natural hot springs, perfect for relaxation and rejuvenation.

Warm Hospitality

Jhelum is known for its warm and welcoming people who embrace visitors with open arms, making them feel at home in this charming city.

There you have it, 39 fascinating facts about Jhelum! This city’s rich history, picturesque landscapes, and vibrant culture make it a truly captivating destination. Plan a visit to Jhelum and immerse yourself in its beauty and heritage.


In conclusion, Jhelum is a city rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. From its ancient roots to its modern-day developments, this city has a lot to offer. Whether you’re interested in exploring its historical landmarks, indulging in delicious cuisine, or appreciating its scenic landscapes, Jhelum has something for everyone. With a fascinating past and a promising future, Jhelum continues to captivate visitors with its charm and allure. So, why not plan a visit to Jhelum and experience all that this remarkable city has to offer firsthand?


Q: What is the significance of Jhelum?

A: Jhelum holds great historical and cultural significance. It is known for its rich heritage, ancient archaeological sites, and historical landmarks.

Q: What are some popular tourist attractions in Jhelum?

A: Jhelum boasts several popular tourist attractions such as Rohtas Fort, Tilla Jogian, Rasul Barrage, and the Jhelum Riverfront.

Q: Is Jhelum a safe city to visit?

A: Like any other city, it is always advisable to take necessary precautions and act responsibly while visiting Jhelum. However, overall it is considered a safe city for tourists.

Q: What is the best time to visit Jhelum?

A: The best time to visit Jhelum is during the months of October to March when the weather is pleasant and perfect for exploring the city and its attractions.

Q: What is the local cuisine of Jhelum?

A: Jhelum offers a variety of delicious local cuisine, including traditional Punjabi dishes such as kebabs, biryani, tandoori naan, and various street food options.

Q: Are there any accommodations available in Jhelum?

A: Yes, Jhelum offers a range of accommodations, including hotels, guesthouses, and resorts, catering to different budget options and preferences.

Q: How can I reach Jhelum?

A: Jhelum is well-connected by road and rail. It has its own railway station, and regular bus services are available from major cities in Pakistan.

Q: Can I explore nearby attractions from Jhelum?

A: Yes, Jhelum is conveniently located near several other popular tourist destinations, including Islamabad, Rawalpindi, and the picturesque beauty of the northern areas of Pakistan.

Q: Are there any adventure activities available in Jhelum?

A: Yes, Jhelum offers various adventure activities such as hiking, mountain climbing, and boating in the Jhelum River, providing adventure enthusiasts with thrilling experiences.

Q: What should I keep in mind while visiting Jhelum?

A: While visiting Jhelum, it is advisable to respect the local culture, follow local customs and traditions, and dress modestly, particularly while visiting religious sites.