Marlee Gerken

Written by Marlee Gerken

Modified & Updated: 21 May 2024

Jessica Corbett

Reviewed by Jessica Corbett


Tyumen, located in Russia, is a city steeped in history and cultural significance. With a population of over 700,000, Tyumen is the largest city in the Tyumen Oblast and serves as the administrative center of the region. This bustling metropolis is known for its stunning architecture, vibrant arts scene, and rich heritage. From its humble beginnings as a small trading post in the 16th century, Tyumen has transformed into a thriving city with a diverse economy and a strong focus on innovation and development. In this article, we will explore 33 fascinating facts about Tyumen, ranging from its historical landmarks to its natural wonders, showcasing the city’s unique charm and allure. So, let’s dive in and discover what makes Tyumen such a remarkable destination.

Key Takeaways:

  • Tyumen, the oldest city in Siberia, offers a rich history, diverse culture, and stunning landscapes, making it a must-visit destination for history buffs and nature enthusiasts alike.
  • From its role as the “Gateway to Siberia” to its thriving arts scene and delicious cuisine, Tyumen presents a dynamic blend of tradition and modernity, promising an unforgettable experience for visitors of all ages.
Table of Contents

Tyumen is the oldest city in Siberia.

With a history dating back to the 16th century, Tyumen has witnessed the rise and fall of empires and has played a significant role in Siberia’s development.

It is situated at the confluence of the Tura and Tobol rivers.

This strategic location has made Tyumen an important trading center throughout its history.

The city is named after the Tyumen River.

Legend has it that the river’s name originates from the Tatar word “tumyr,” which means “thick water.

Tyumen is often referred to as the “Gateway to Siberia.”

Due to its location, Tyumen has served as a starting point for the exploration and colonization of Siberia.

It is the administrative center of the Tyumen Oblast.

Tyumen is the capital city of the Tyumen Oblast, one of the largest and wealthiest regions in Russia.

The city has a population of over 700,000 people.

With a diverse population, Tyumen is a melting pot of different cultures and ethnicities.

Tyumen experiences a continental climate.

The city has cold winters with temperatures dropping below freezing and warm summers with occasional heatwaves.

The Tyumen State University is one of the oldest educational institutions in Siberia.

Established in 1930, the university offers a wide range of academic programs and has a reputation for excellence in education.

Tyumen is a major center for the oil and gas industry.

The region is known for its vast oil and gas reserves and plays a crucial role in Russia’s energy sector.

The Tyumen Industrial University specializes in training professionals for the oil and gas industry.

It provides high-quality education and research facilities to students pursuing careers in this field.

Tyumen is home to numerous historical landmarks.

From the Tyumen Kremlin to the Monastery of the Holy Trinity, the city boasts a rich architectural heritage.

The famous Russian poet, Nikolay Nekrasov, spent the last years of his life in Tyumen.

His legacy and literary contributions are celebrated in the city.

Tyumen hosts the Siberian International Marathon.

Every year, thousands of runners from around the world gather in Tyumen to participate in this prestigious sporting event.

The city offers a variety of outdoor recreational activities.

From hiking and biking trails to kayaking in the rivers, Tyumen is a paradise for nature enthusiasts.

Tyumen has a thriving arts and culture scene.

The city is home to theaters, art galleries, and museums showcasing local and international talent.

The Tyumen Philharmonic Orchestra is renowned for its outstanding performances.

Music lovers can enjoy a wide range of classical and contemporary concerts throughout the year.

Tyumen has a strong focus on education and research.

It is home to several research institutes and scientific centers, contributing to advancements in various fields.

The city celebrates Tyumen Day on August 13th.

This annual festival brings the community together for a day of festivities, music, and cultural events.

Tyumen is known for its delicious cuisine.

Traditional Russian dishes, as well as international cuisine, can be enjoyed in the city’s restaurants and cafes.

The Tyumen Zoo is a popular attraction.

Visitors can explore a wide variety of animal species and learn about wildlife conservation efforts.

Tyumen is well-connected by a network of highways and railways.

Transportation within the city and to other parts of Russia is convenient and efficient.

The Tyumen Science and Technology Park fosters innovation and entrepreneurship.

It provides support and resources to startups and promotes collaboration between academia and industry.

Tyumen has a vibrant nightlife scene.

From trendy bars to clubs, there are plenty of options for those looking to enjoy the city’s energetic atmosphere.

The Tyumen Ice Arena is a popular venue for ice hockey and other winter sports.

Sports enthusiasts can catch exciting matches and cheer for their favorite teams.

The Tyumen International Film Festival showcases the best of Russian and international cinema.

It attracts filmmakers, actors, and movie buffs from around the world.

Tyumen is an environmentally friendly city.

Efforts are made to promote sustainable practices and preserve the region’s natural beauty.

The Tyumen Theater of Young Spectators puts on captivating performances for children and families.

It nurtures young talent and sparks creativity in the younger generation.

Tyumen has a well-developed healthcare infrastructure.

Hospitals, clinics, and medical facilities provide quality healthcare services to residents and visitors.

The Tyumen Regional Museum is a treasure trove of history and culture.

Visitors can explore exhibits showcasing the region’s heritage, archaeology, and art.

Tyumen is a hub for winter sports.

With its snowy landscapes, the city offers opportunities for skiing, snowboarding, and ice skating.

The Tyumen State Symphony Orchestra delights audiences with its captivating performances.

Music enthusiasts can enjoy classical masterpieces and modern compositions.

Tyumen is known for its warm and welcoming hospitality.

Visitors are greeted with open arms and can experience the renowned Russian hospitality firsthand.

Tyumen is a city full of opportunities and possibilities.

With its dynamic economy, cultural diversity, and natural beauty, Tyumen continues to thrive and captivate the hearts of both residents and visitors.

These 33 facts about Tyumen highlight just a glimpse of what this incredible city has to offer. Whether you’re exploring its historical landmarks, enjoying its vibrant arts scene, or indulging in its delicious cuisine, Tyumen promises an unforgettable experience. Plan your visit and immerse yourself in the beauty and charm of this remarkable city!


In conclusion, Tyumen is a city rich in history, culture, and natural beauty. From its origins as a Siberian outpost to its modern status as a thriving metropolis, Tyumen embodies the spirit of Russia’s development and growth. With its stunning architecture, vibrant arts scene, and picturesque landscapes, it offers a unique blend of old-world charm and contemporary allure. Whether you’re exploring its museums and historical sites, enjoying the local cuisine, or simply taking in the breathtaking scenery, Tyumen is sure to captivate the hearts of all who visit. So, if you’re looking for a new travel destination that combines history, culture, and natural wonders, consider adding Tyumen to your list!


1. What is the population of Tyumen?

The population of Tyumen is approximately 744,554 people as per the latest available data.

2. What is the climate like in Tyumen?

Tyumen has a continental climate with cold winters and mild summers. Temperatures can drop as low as -40 degrees Celsius (-40 degrees Fahrenheit) in winter and reach up to 30 degrees Celsius (86 degrees Fahrenheit) in summer.

3. Are there any famous landmarks in Tyumen?

Yes, Tyumen is home to several famous landmarks, including the Tura River Embankment, Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Tyumen Drama Theater, and the Holy Trinity Monastery.

4. What are some popular activities to do in Tyumen?

Some popular activities in Tyumen include visiting the museums and art galleries, exploring the historic city center, taking a boat tour on the Tura River, and enjoying outdoor activities in the nearby nature reserves.

5. How can I get to Tyumen?

Tyumen has its own international airport with flights connecting to major cities in Russia and other countries. Additionally, there are train and bus services available from various locations.

6. What is the best time to visit Tyumen?

The best time to visit Tyumen is during the summer months of June to August when the weather is warm and pleasant. However, if you are interested in experiencing the unique winter activities and festivals, visiting in December to February can be a good option.

7. Is Tyumen a safe city to visit?

Yes, Tyumen is generally considered a safe city for tourists. However, as with any travel destination, it is important to take common safety precautions and be aware of your surroundings.

Tyumen's fascinating history and modern-day allure make it a must-visit destination for anyone interested in exploring the wonders of Siberia. While you're here, why not discover more about this vast and captivating region, learn about other enchanting Russian cities, or delve into the intriguing world of the oil industry?

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