Reina Oaks

Reina Oaks

Published: 29 Jul 2023


Kharagpur, a bustling city in the state of West Bengal, India, is a melting pot of history, culture, and innovation. Located in the western part of the state, Kharagpur holds a special place in the hearts of its residents and has a rich legacy that dates back centuries. Known for its prestigious educational institutions, industrial presence, and strong community ties, Kharagpur is a city that never fails to captivate visitors.

In this article, we will delve into 30 fascinating facts about Kharagpur that showcase the city’s charm and uniqueness. From its humble beginnings as a small village to becoming one of the largest industrial and educational hubs in the country, Kharagpur has a story that is worth exploring. So, let’s embark on a journey through the history, culture, and achievements of this remarkable city.

Table of Contents

Home to the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Kharagpur.

Kharagpur is famous for being the location of the oldest and largest IIT in India, renowned for its excellence in technical education and research.

Known as the “Mini India.”

Kharagpur is often referred to as the “Mini India” due to its diverse population, with people from different states and cultures residing and working here.

The second-largest railway station in India.

Kharagpur Junction railway station is one of the busiest railway stations in the country and serves as a major transportation hub connecting various parts of India.

Hosts the famous Kharagpur Winter Fest.

Every year, Kharagpur Winter Fest attracts a large number of visitors with its vibrant cultural events, music performances, and delicious food stalls.

Rich in historical significance.

Kharagpur has a rich history dating back to the 19th century, when it was an important center for trade and commerce under British rule.

The birthplace of renowned Indian scientist Sir J.C. Bose.

Kharagpur proudly claims Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose, a pioneer in the field of biophysics, as one of its most notable sons.

Known for its iconic clock tower.

The clock tower in Kharagpur, located near the railway station, is a prominent landmark and a symbol of the city’s historical significance.

Home to several prestigious educational institutions.

Alongside IIT Kharagpur, the city is also home to other esteemed educational institutions such as Kharagpur College and Vidyasagar Primary Teachers’ Training Institute.

Famous for its delicious street food.

Kharagpur offers a wide variety of lip-smacking street food options, including phuchka, bhel puri, chai, and jalebi, which are a delight for food lovers.

Surrounded by natural beauty.

The city is blessed with natural beauty, with scenic spots like Hijli Lake, Kali Puja Park, and Kharagpur Lake providing peaceful retreats for nature enthusiasts.

Known for the Kharagpur Railway Settlement.

The Kharagpur Railway Settlement is a unique residential area that houses the families of railway employees and is recognized as an important part of the city’s heritage.

A hub for industrial development.

Kharagpur has witnessed significant industrial growth, with various industries such as steel, manufacturing, and software development contributing to its economic progress.

The venue for the Kharagpur International Model United Nations (KIMUN).

KIMUN is a prestigious annual event that attracts participants from around the world to engage in simulated United Nations debates and discussions.

Home to the BNR Hotel.

The BNR Hotel, also known as the Bengal Nagpur Railway Hotel, is a historic property that reflects the city’s colonial heritage.

Presents a blend of traditional and modern architecture.

Kharagpur showcases a mix of traditional Bengali architecture and modern infrastructure, adding to its unique charm.

The birthplace of the famous Bengali actress Indrani Haldar.

Indrani Haldar, a renowned actress in the Bengali film industry, hails from Kharagpur.

Famous for its vibrant Durga Puja celebrations.

Durga Puja, the biggest festival in West Bengal, is celebrated with great zeal and enthusiasm in Kharagpur, attracting people from all walks of life.

Connected to various major cities.

Kharagpur is well-connected through rail, road, and air transport, with easy accessibility to cities like Kolkata, Mumbai, Delhi, and Chennai.

Offers a conducive environment for startups.

The city provides favorable conditions for the growth and development of startups, with several incubation centers and support systems in place.

Has numerous parks and recreational spaces.

Kharagpur boasts of well-maintained parks and open spaces where residents can relax, exercise, and enjoy leisure activities.

The host of the famous Spring Fest.

Spring Fest is the annual social and cultural festival of IIT Kharagpur, attracting participants from across the country with its electrifying events and performances.

Offers a wide range of shopping options.

From local markets to shopping malls, Kharagpur caters to the shopping needs of its residents with a variety of stores selling clothing, accessories, and more.

Known for its welcoming and friendly atmosphere.

Kharagpur is often praised for its warm and welcoming community, making it a pleasant place to live and interact with people from diverse backgrounds.

A hub for cultural activities.

The city organizes numerous cultural events, including music concerts, dance performances, theater shows, and art exhibitions.

The gateway to the tribal heartland of West Bengal.

Kharagpur serves as a gateway to the tribal areas of the state, providing an opportunity to explore and learn about the unique cultures and traditions of the region.

Provides opportunities for skill development.

The presence of educational institutions and vocational training centers in Kharagpur offers avenues for skill development and career advancement.

The birthplace of renowned economist Amartya Sen.

Amartya Sen, the Nobel laureate economist, was born in Santiniketan, a town near Kharagpur, and his early years were spent in the region.

Known for its favorable climate.

Kharagpur enjoys a moderate and pleasant climate throughout the year, making it a comfortable place to reside.

The Influential Kharagpur IITians.

IIT Kharagpur has produced several influential alumni who have excelled in various fields, including business, academia, and government.

A city of innovation and technology.

Kharagpur’s association with IIT and its growing technology sector positions it as a city at the forefront of innovation and technological advancement in India.


In conclusion, Kharagpur is a fascinating city with a rich history, diverse culture, and a vibrant community. From its prestigious educational institutions to its bustling markets and unique attractions, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this city. Whether you are a student, a history enthusiast, or someone looking to explore a hidden gem, Kharagpur has it all. So, plan your visit to Kharagpur and get ready to immerse yourself in its charm and beauty. You won’t be disappointed!


1. How did Kharagpur get its name?

Kharagpur got its name from the combination of two words: “Khar” which means “sword” and “Gor” which means “fort.” It is believed that there was a fort in the area during ancient times, hence the name Kharagpur.

2. Which is the most popular landmark in Kharagpur?

The most popular landmark in Kharagpur is the famous Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) campus. It is not only known for its excellent education but also for its beautiful campus and architectural marvels.

3. What is the best time to visit Kharagpur?

The best time to visit Kharagpur is during the winter months from November to February when the weather is pleasant and ideal for outdoor activities.

4. Are there any famous festivals celebrated in Kharagpur?

Yes, Kharagpur celebrates several festivals with great enthusiasm. The most popular ones include Durga Puja, Diwali, Holi, and Christmas.

5. Is Kharagpur well-connected to other cities?

Yes, Kharagpur is well-connected to other cities through railways and roadways. The Kharagpur Junction is one of the busiest railway stations in India, and there are regular bus services connecting Kharagpur to major cities nearby.