Written by Selina

Modified & Updated: 02 Jun 2024

Sherman Smith

Reviewed by Sherman Smith

Olivine gemstone also called Peridot on old wooden background.Selective focus.

Peridot, with its vibrant green hues, has been captivating hearts and minds for centuries. As the birthstone of August, this gemstone holds a special place in the world of jewelry and gem enthusiasts. In this article, we’ll delve into 15 fascinating facts about peridot, uncovering its geological origins, historical significance, and unique properties. Join us on a journey to explore the allure and beauty of this mesmerizing gemstone.

Table of Contents

Geological Marvel

Peridot is a gem-quality variety of the mineral olivine, formed deep within the Earth’s mantle. It is often found in volcanic rocks, as well as meteorites that have fallen to Earth.

Radiant Green Color

Peridot’s most distinctive feature is its vibrant green color, ranging from pale lime green to intense olive green. The gemstone’s hue is caused by the presence of iron in its crystal structure.

Ancient History

Peridot has a rich historical legacy. It was highly prized by ancient civilizations, including the Egyptians, who called it the “gem of the sun.” Cleopatra is believed to have adorned herself with peridot gemstones.

Island of Tears

Natural chrysolite, peridot, olivine apple green color transparent raw rough crystal. Earth mined untreated, unheated, ready for faceting or cabochon making. Close-up on gray textured background.
Image from Adobe Stock

Peridot has a poetic nickname—the “Island of Tears.” This name originates from the Hawaiian island of Oahu, where the gemstone was once discovered. The island is often associated with the joyful tears of the goddess Pele, who was said to have wept tears of joy upon seeing the gem’s beauty.

Resilient Gemstone

Peridot is a relatively durable gemstone, with a hardness of 6.5 to 7 on the Mohs scale. While it is not as hard as diamonds or sapphires, peridot is still suitable for everyday wear in jewelry pieces such as rings, earrings, and pendants.

Extraterrestrial Origins

Peridot has extraterrestrial origins. It has been found in meteorites that have fallen to Earth, originating from the depths of space. These extraterrestrial peridots are exceptionally rare and highly valued by collectors.

Symbol of Renewal

Peridot is often associated with positive energy and renewal. It is believed to bring healing, rejuvenation, and a sense of peace to its wearer. The gemstone is thought to alleviate stress, anger, and negative emotions.

Olive Gem

Peridot’s stunning olive green color has earned it the moniker “olive gem.” Its warm and earthy tones make it a versatile choice for both contemporary and vintage-inspired jewelry designs.

Gem of Prosperity

Peridot has long been regarded as a gemstone of prosperity and abundance. It is believed to attract wealth, success, and good fortune to those who wear it. In ancient times, peridot was often associated with prosperity and financial well-being.

Birthstone of August

Peridot holds the honor of being the birthstone for the month of August. It is considered a symbol of strength, protection, and celebration for those born in this month. Jewelry featuring peridot makes a meaningful and personalized gift for August birthdays.

Gemstone of Hawaiian Goddess Pele

In Hawaiian mythology, peridot is associated with the goddess Pele, the goddess of fire, lightning, wind, and volcanoes. Peridot is believed to be the tears of Pele and is considered sacred and powerful.

Night Glow

Under certain lighting conditions, peridot can exhibit a unique phenomenon called “night glow.” In this mesmerizing effect, the gemstone appears to emit a radiant glow in dim or artificial light, adding to its allure and mystique.

Gemstone for 16th Wedding Anniversaries

Close-up silver earrings and pendant with peridot on background chain and rings on white acrylic desk.
Image from Adobe Stock

Peridot holds a special significance for couples celebrating their 16th wedding anniversary. It is often chosen as a meaningful gift to commemorate the milestone and represents the enduring love and commitment shared by the couple.

Healing and Protective Powers

Peridot is believed to possess healing properties and protective powers. It is said to strengthen the heart, promote emotional well-being, and provide a shield against negative energies. Some even believe it can ward off evil spirits.

Unique Gemstone Inclusions

Peridot sometimes contains unique inclusions called “lily pads.” These round, disk-like inclusions resemble the shape of a lily pad and add a distinct and fascinating characteristic to the gemstone.


Discover the captivating allure of peridot, the vibrant gemstone of August birthdays. From its radiant green color and historical significance to its metaphysical properties and unique inclusions, peridot holds a special place in the world of gemstones. Whether you wear it as a birthstone or simply appreciate its beauty, peridot continues to enchant and inspire with its timeless charm.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can peridot change color under different lighting?

No, peridot does not change color under different lighting conditions. Its vibrant green color remains consistent under natural and artificial light.

How should I care for my peridot jewelry?

Peridot jewelry should be handled with care to avoid scratches and damage. Clean it gently with warm soapy water and a soft brush, and avoid exposing it to harsh chemicals or sudden temperature changes.

Can peridot be used as an alternative engagement ring stone?

Yes, peridot can be used as an alternative to traditional engagement ring stones. Its unique green color and symbolism of renewal and abundance make it a distinctive and meaningful choice for couples seeking something non-traditional.

Are large peridot gemstones rare?

Large peridot gemstones are relatively rare compared to smaller sizes. The gemstone is typically found in smaller sizes, so larger peridots are considered more valuable and sought after.

Where are the most significant peridot deposits found?

The most significant peridot deposits are found in places such as Myanmar (Burma), Arizona (USA), Pakistan, and China. These locations are known for producing high-quality peridot gemstones.

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