Kaitlynn Overton

Kaitlynn Overton

Published: 14 Sep 2023

Source: Indiatimes.com

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve is a mesmerizing natural wonder situated in the southernmost part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in India. Spanning over an area of 885 square kilometers, it is one of the most diverse and expansive biosphere reserves in the world. Home to an incredible variety of flora and fauna, the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve is an ecological treasure trove waiting to be explored.

With its dense virgin rainforests, pristine beaches, and fascinating underwater ecosystems, the reserve offers a unique opportunity to witness the wonders of nature up close. It is not only a paradise for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers, but also plays a crucial role in conserving numerous endangered species.

Are you ready to embark on a virtual journey through the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve? In this article, we will unveil 16 astonishing facts that will leave you in awe of this magnificent natural marvel.

Table of Contents

A Tropical Paradise

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve is a tropical paradise located in the Bay of Bengal. With its lush green forests, pristine beaches, and diverse wildlife, it offers a breathtaking experience for nature lovers.

Home to Indigenous Tribes

The reserve is home to indigenous tribes such as the Shompen and Nicobarese. These tribes have lived in harmony with nature for centuries, preserving their traditional way of life.

Rich Biodiversity

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve boasts incredible biodiversity, with a wide range of plant and animal species. It serves as a haven for numerous endemic and endangered species.

The Pygmy Hog’s Habitat

One of the most remarkable facts about the reserve is that it provides a habitat for the critically endangered pygmy hog (Porcula salvania). This small, elusive mammal is one of the rarest in the world.

A Haven for Sea Turtles

The beaches of Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve are nesting grounds for various species of sea turtles, including the Olive Ridley, Green, and Leatherback turtles. These majestic creatures come ashore to lay their eggs.

A Sanctuary for Saltwater Crocodiles

The reserve is home to a significant population of saltwater crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus). These reptiles can grow up to six meters in length and are an important part of the region’s ecosystem.

An Avian Paradise

The biosphere reserve is a haven for birdwatchers, with over 200 species of birds calling it home. From the majestic White-bellied Sea Eagle to the colorful Nicobar Parakeet, bird enthusiasts are in for a treat.

Ancient Megaliths

The indigenous tribes of Great Nicobar have left behind ancient megaliths, large stones arranged in various formations. These structures hold cultural and historical significance.

Majestic Waterfalls

The reserve is dotted with stunning waterfalls that cascades down from the mountains, creating a mesmerizing spectacle of nature’s beauty.

Sacred Saddle Peak

Saddle Peak, located within the reserve, is the highest point in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is considered sacred by the local tribes and offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

Unique Flora

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve is renowned for its unique flora, including rare orchids, pitcher plants, and medicinal plants with potential therapeutic properties.

Exploring the Marine Life

Diving enthusiasts can explore the vibrant coral reefs surrounding the reserve, which are teeming with colorful fish, sea anemones, and other fascinating marine creatures.

Trekking Trails

The reserve offers several trekking trails that wind through its dense forests, allowing visitors to immerse themselves in the natural beauty and encounter various wildlife species along the way.

Conservation Efforts

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve plays a crucial role in conservation efforts, focusing on preserving the region’s unique biodiversity and raising awareness about the importance of sustainable practices.

Cultural Experiences

Visitors to the reserve can engage with the local indigenous communities and learn about their rich cultural heritage, traditional crafts, and unique way of life.

A Paradise for Adventure Seekers

From jungle safaris to kayaking in the pristine rivers, the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve offers a plethora of adrenaline-pumping activities for adventure enthusiasts.

With its awe-inspiring landscapes, abundant wildlife, and pristine ecosystems, the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve truly deserves its title as one of the most astonishing natural wonders on our planet. Explore this tropical paradise and marvel at the wonders of nature.


In conclusion, the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve is a truly remarkable and awe-inspiring place. With its diverse ecosystem, unique wildlife, and breathtaking landscapes, it offers an incredible experience for nature lovers and adventure seekers. From rare and endemic species to pristine beaches and dense forests, there is something for everyone in this pristine paradise.

Visiting the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve allows you to witness the beauty of nature at its finest and gain a deeper understanding of the importance of conservation. Whether you are interested in birdwatching, trekking, or simply immersing yourself in the serenity of nature, this reserve is a must-visit destination.

So pack your bags, get ready for an adventure of a lifetime, and explore the wonders of the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve!


1. How large is the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve?

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve covers an area of approximately 885 square kilometers.

2. What makes the Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve unique?

The reserve is known for its rich biodiversity, including several endemic flora and fauna species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world.

3. Can visitors explore the reserve on their own?

No, visitors are required to obtain permission from the forest department and are usually accompanied by a guide to ensure the safety of both visitors and the reserve’s wildlife.

4. Are there any accommodation options near the reserve?

Yes, there are a few guesthouses and eco-lodges in the nearby villages that offer accommodation options for visitors.

5. What activities can visitors engage in at the reserve?

Visitors can partake in activities such as birdwatching, jungle trekking, wildlife spotting, and exploring the beautiful beaches and mangrove forests.

6. Are there any restrictions on photography within the reserve?

Yes, photography is allowed but restrictions may be in place to avoid disturbance to the wildlife. It is advisable to check with the authorities beforehand.

7. Are there any local communities living within the reserve?

Yes, there are indigenous communities such as the Nicobarese who have been living in harmony with nature within the reserve for centuries.

8. Can visitors contribute to the conservation efforts at the reserve?

Absolutely! Visitors can contribute to the preservation of the reserve by following ethical tourism practices, respecting the environment, and supporting local initiatives that promote conservation.