Jeri Rummel

Jeri Rummel

Modified & Updated: 24 Jan 2024


The Travancore Wolf Snake, scientifically known as Lycodon travancoricus, is a fascinating species of snake that is native to the southern region of India, particularly in the Western Ghats range. Despite its name, the Travancore Wolf Snake is not closely related to wolves or canines. It is actually a non-venomous colubrid snake, known for its slender body, unique coloration, and intriguing behavior.

With its distinct appearance and interesting behaviors, the Travancore Wolf Snake has captivated the attention of researchers and snake enthusiasts alike. In this article, we will delve into 19 intriguing facts about the Travancore Wolf Snake, shedding light on its habitat, natural history, feeding habits, and much more. Get ready to discover the wonders of this enigmatic species!

Table of Contents

The Travancore Wolf Snake is a non-venomous snake species.

The Travancore Wolf Snake, scientifically known as Lycodon travancoricus, belongs to the Colubridae family. It is known for its harmless nature, making it a popular choice among snake enthusiasts.

It is endemic to the Western Ghats in India.

The Travancore Wolf Snake is found exclusively in the Western Ghats, a mountain range along the western coast of India. This region is known for its rich biodiversity and unique wildlife.

It has a distinct pattern and coloration.

This snake species has a dark brown or black body with lighter bands or spots. The pattern can differ between individuals and helps to camouflage the snake in its natural habitat.

It is predominantly a nocturnal species.

The Travancore Wolf Snake is primarily active during the night, hunting for its prey. It tends to hide under rocks, in crevices, or in the leaf litter during the daytime.

It mainly feeds on small reptiles and amphibians.

As an opportunistic feeder, the Travancore Wolf Snake primarily preys on small reptiles like geckos and skinks, as well as amphibians such as frogs and toads.

It uses constriction to subdue its prey.

Similar to other snake species, the Travancore Wolf Snake uses constriction as its hunting method. It coils around its prey, squeezing it until it becomes immobilized.

It is a rear-fanged snake.

The Travancore Wolf Snake possesses rear fangs located towards the back of its upper jaw. While it is not considered dangerous to humans, it may deliver a mild venomous bite if threatened.

It has a secretive and elusive nature.

Due to its secretive habits and preference for concealed habitats, spotting a Travancore Wolf Snake in the wild can be quite challenging. It adds to the allure and mystique surrounding this species.

It may exhibit territorial behavior.

Travancore Wolf Snakes have been observed defending their territories from intruding individuals. They may engage in combat rituals, such as their bodies intertwining and pushing against each other.

It is known for its ability to flatten its body.

When threatened, the Travancore Wolf Snake can flatten its body, making it appear larger and more intimidating. This defensive behavior serves as a deterrent to potential predators.

It undergoes a process of shedding its skin.

Like all snakes, the Travancore Wolf Snake periodically sheds its skin as it grows. This allows the snake to replace old, worn-out skin with a new one that is more flexible and vibrant in color.

It plays a role in controlling rodent populations.

As a predator of small reptiles and amphibians, the Travancore Wolf Snake contributes to maintaining a balanced ecosystem by controlling the population of these species and preventing their overabundance.

Its conservation status is currently listed as Least Concern.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Travancore Wolf Snake is not currently facing any significant threats, and its population is considered stable.

It is an important component of the local ecosystem.

The Travancore Wolf Snake, along with other snake species, plays a crucial role in maintaining the delicate balance of the ecosystem by regulating prey populations and participating in nutrient cycling.

It has adapted to various habitat types.

The Travancore Wolf Snake is known to inhabit a range of different habitat types, including forests, grasslands, plantations, and even human settlements. This adaptability contributes to its wide distribution.

It is relatively small in size.

Adult Travancore Wolf Snakes typically measure around 50 to 70 cm in length, with females being slightly larger than males. Their small size allows them to navigate through narrow spaces and seek refuge in tight crevices.

It exhibits oviparous reproduction.

Travancore Wolf Snakes lay eggs as a means of reproduction. The female snake typically lays a clutch of around 6 to 10 eggs, which are left to hatch independently without any parental care.

It is a subject of fascination for herpetologists.

The unique characteristics and natural history of the Travancore Wolf Snake have made it a subject of interest for herpetologists and researchers studying snake physiology, ecology, and behavior.

It contributes to ecotourism in the Western Ghats.

The presence of the Travancore Wolf Snake, along with other exotic wildlife, attracts nature enthusiasts and ecotourists to the Western Ghats, promoting the conservation of this biodiverse region.

In conclusion, the 19 intriguing facts about the Travancore Wolf Snake shed light on its fascinating characteristics, behavior, and ecological importance. This mysterious snake species continues to capture the interest of both scientists and nature enthusiasts, reminding us of the rich biodiversity present in the Western Ghats of India.


The Travancore Wolf Snake is undoubtedly a fascinating and enigmatic creature. From its rare and elusive nature to its uniquely adapted features, this snake has captured the attention of scientists and wildlife enthusiasts alike. Its interesting lineage, venomous profile, and nocturnal behavior make it a species worth studying and protecting.

While much is still unknown about the Travancore Wolf Snake, ongoing research and conservation efforts will hopefully shed more light on its biology and habitat needs. These efforts are crucial in ensuring the survival of this remarkable species in the face of habitat loss and human interference.

As we continue to learn about and appreciate the astounding diversity of the animal kingdom, let us remember the importance of preserving and protecting these incredible creatures for generations to come.


1. What is a Travancore Wolf Snake?

The Travancore Wolf Snake (Lycodon travancoricus) is a non-venomous snake species found in the Western Ghats of India. It is known for its pale grey-brown coloration and the distinctive wolf-like patterns on its body.

2. How big do Travancore Wolf Snakes grow?

Adult Travancore Wolf Snakes can reach a length of about 2 to 3 feet (60 to 90 centimeters), with females generally being larger than males.

3. What is the habitat of the Travancore Wolf Snake?

These snakes are primarily found in moist evergreen forests, rubber plantations, and grasslands of the Western Ghats region in India.

4. Are Travancore Wolf Snakes venomous?

No, the Travancore Wolf Snake is a non-venomous species. It uses constriction to subdue its prey, mainly consisting of frogs, lizards, and small rodents.

5. Are Travancore Wolf Snakes endangered?

While not assessed on a global scale, the Travancore Wolf Snake is considered a rare species and classified as “Endangered” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) due to habitat destruction and fragmentation.

6. What are the main threats to Travancore Wolf Snakes?

Habitat loss and fragmentation due to deforestation, agriculture, and human settlements are the main threats to the Travancore Wolf Snake population. Additionally, road mortality and illegal collection for the pet trade pose additional challenges for their conservation.

7. How can we help protect the Travancore Wolf Snake?

Conserving the forest habitats where these snakes are found is crucial. Supporting local conservation organizations, raising awareness about the importance of biodiversity, and avoiding illegal wildlife trade are some ways to contribute to their protection.