Jen Enders

Jen Enders

Published: 03 Oct 2023


Provolone cheese, with its rich history and distinctive flavor, is a beloved staple in Italian cuisine. This versatile cheese, traditionally made from cow’s milk, originated in Southern Italy and has gained popularity worldwide. Its smooth, creamy texture and tangy, sharp taste make it a go-to choice for cheese lovers everywhere.

But there’s more to provolone than meets the eye (or the taste buds). In this article, we’ll dive into 19 fascinating facts about provolone cheese that will surely amaze you. From its ancient origins to its various types and uses, these facts will not only increase your knowledge but also add a new level of appreciation for this flavorful cheese.

Table of Contents

Origins of Provolone

Provolone cheese originated in Southern Italy and is believed to have been developed during the 19th century. It is a semi-hard cheese that is typically made from cow’s milk and has a pale yellow color. Its distinct taste and versatile uses have made it popular all over the world.

Types of Provolone

There are two main types of Provolone cheese: dolce (sweet) and piccante (sharp). Dolce Provolone has a mild, buttery flavor and is commonly used for sandwiches and snacks. Piccante Provolone has a stronger, more pungent taste and is often enjoyed on its own or used in cooking.

Aging Process

The aging process plays a crucial role in the flavor development of Provolone cheese. The longer it is aged, the sharper and more pronounced the flavor becomes. Provolone is typically aged for a minimum of four months, but some varieties can be aged for up to a year or more.

Versatile Cheese

Provolone is a versatile cheese that can be enjoyed in various ways. It melts beautifully, making it perfect for pizzas, sandwiches, and pasta dishes. It can also be sliced and enjoyed on its own or paired with fruits, crackers, and charcuterie.

Popular in Italian Cuisine

Provolone cheese is widely used in Italian cuisine. It is a staple in dishes such as lasagna, calzones, and stuffed peppers. Its creamy texture and rich flavor enhance the taste of many traditional Italian recipes.

Provolone’s Stretchy Quality

One of the unique features of Provolone cheese is its stretchy quality when melted. It forms that classic gooey and elastic texture that makes it perfect for classic Italian dishes like a gooey cheese pull in a pizza slice.

Provolone and Prosciutto

Provolone cheese pairs exceptionally well with prosciutto, a thin and dry-cured Italian ham. The combination of salty prosciutto and creamy Provolone creates a delicious flavor harmony that is often enjoyed in sandwiches and appetizers.

Protected Designation of Origin (PDO)

The European Union recognizes certain Provolone cheeses with a PDO status, which means they must be produced in a specific region of Italy using traditional methods. This certification ensures the authenticity and quality of the cheese.

Provolone Dolce as a Dessert Cheese

While Provolone is commonly used in savory dishes, Provolone Dolce can also be enjoyed as a dessert cheese. It pairs well with honey, dried fruits, and sweet wines, offering a unique combination of flavors.

Provolone’s Storage

Provolone cheese should be stored in the refrigerator to maintain its freshness and texture. It is best to wrap it tightly in plastic wrap or place it in a sealed container to prevent it from drying out or absorbing unwanted flavors from other foods.

Provolone’s Popular Substitutes

If you don’t have Provolone cheese on hand, you can use other cheeses as substitutes. Mozzarella, Gouda, and Fontina can provide similar flavors and melting properties in recipes.

Provolone in the United States

Provolone cheese gained popularity in the United States during the 20th century with the increase in Italian immigration. Today, it is a favorite cheese choice for sandwiches, pizzas, and cheeseburgers across the country.

Provolone Slices and Shreds

Provolone cheese is available in both sliced and shredded forms, making it convenient for different culinary needs. Sliced Provolone is often used in sandwiches and burgers, while shredded Provolone is commonly used for melting on pizzas and in pasta dishes.

Provolone’s Nutritional Value

Provolone cheese is a good source of calcium, protein, and essential vitamins. However, it is also high in saturated fat and sodium, so it’s important to consume it in moderation as part of a balanced diet.

Provolone in International Cuisines

Provolone cheese has made its way into various international cuisines beyond Italian dishes. It is often used in Mexican cuisine, where it adds a rich and creamy element to dishes like quesadillas and enchiladas.

Popular Brands of Provolone

Several popular brands produce high-quality Provolone cheese, including Auricchio, Belgioioso, and Galbani. These brands are known for their traditional production methods and commitment to delivering superior flavors.

Provolone’s Smoky Flavor

Some varieties of Provolone cheese offer a smoky flavor due to the addition of natural wood smoke during the aging process. This smoky profile adds depth and complexity to the cheese, making it a favorite among cheese enthusiasts.

Provolone and Wine Pairings

Provolone cheese pairs well with both red and white wines. For a red wine pairing, opt for a full-bodied variety like Cabernet Sauvignon. For white wine, try a crisp and acidic selection such as Sauvignon Blanc.

Provolone Around the World

Provolone cheese is not only loved in Italy and the United States but is also enjoyed globally. Its versatility and unique flavor have made it a popular choice for cheese lovers worldwide, whether in culinary creations or simply enjoyed on its own.


Provolone cheese is a versatile and delicious Italian cheese that has gained popularity worldwide. Whether enjoyed on its own, melted in sandwiches, or grated over pasta dishes, provolone offers a unique flavor and texture that can enhance any meal. From its origins in southern Italy to its variations like aged provolone and smoked provolone, this cheese has a rich history and continues to be a favorite among cheese enthusiasts.With its smooth and slightly tangy taste, provolone cheese adds a depth of flavor to both classic and innovative recipes. From pizza to salads, soups to grilled cheese, there’s no shortage of ways to incorporate provolone into your culinary creations. So next time you’re in the mood for a cheese that melts beautifully and brings a delightful taste to your dishes, reach for provolone and savor its distinct qualities.Enjoy the versatility and flavor of provolone cheese and let it elevate your cooking to new heights. Give it a try in different recipes and explore the variety of provolone available to find your favorite. Whether you’re a cheese connoisseur or simply a lover of good food, provolone is sure to satisfy your cravings and add a touch of Italian goodness to your plate.


1. What is provolone cheese?

Provolone is a semi-hard cheese originating from southern Italy. It is made from cow’s milk and has a smooth texture with a slightly tangy flavor.

2. Can I substitute provolone cheese with another type of cheese?

Yes, if you don’t have provolone cheese, you can try substituting it with mozzarella, Gruyere, or even cheddar cheese. However, keep in mind that each cheese will have a different flavor profile, so the taste may vary slightly.

3. Is provolone cheese suitable for vegetarians?

Yes, provolone cheese is generally considered vegetarian-friendly as it is made from cow’s milk and does not contain any animal rennet. However, it’s always best to check the specific brand or manufacturer to ensure it aligns with your dietary preferences.

4. Can provolone cheese be used for melting and grilling?

Absolutely! Provolone cheese melts beautifully and has a deliciously stringy consistency, making it ideal for melting and grilling. It’s commonly used in sandwiches, pizzas, and cheeseburgers.

5. Are there different varieties of provolone cheese?

Yes, there are different varieties of provolone cheese. The two primary types are Dolce (mild) and Piccante (sharp). Additionally, there are aged provolone and smoked provolone varieties, each offering their own unique flavors.