De Cano

De Cano

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


The Onam festival is one of the most significant and eagerly awaited festivals celebrated in Kerala, a state in the southern part of India. This ancient harvest festival holds great cultural and religious significance and is rejoiced with immense enthusiasm by people of all ages and backgrounds. Onam is a time when families come together to pay homage to their ancestors, worship and seek blessings from the deities, indulge in delicious feasts, participate in vibrant cultural activities, and create beautiful floral decorations known as pookalam.

This article will provide you with 13 interesting facts about the Onam festival, offering a glimpse into the rich traditions, customs, and rituals associated with this iconic celebration. From the mythical origins of Onam to the grand boat races and traditional games, you’ll discover the various aspects that make Onam a cherished festival in Kerala. So, let’s dive into these fascinating facts and explore the beauty and grandeur of the Onam festival!

Table of Contents

Origins of Onam

The Onam Festival is a traditional harvest festival celebrated primarily in the Indian state of Kerala. It marks the homecoming of the legendary King Mahabali, who is believed to visit his subjects during this time.

Duration of Onam

The festival lasts for a period of ten days, with each day having its unique significance and rituals. It typically falls in the months of August or September, according to the Gregorian calendar.

Floral Decorations

One of the key highlights of Onam is the elaborate floral decorations known as pookalam. These vibrant and intricate flower arrangements are made in front of homes to welcome the king’s spirit.

Onam Sadya

The Onam Sadya is a grand feast served during the festival. It consists of a variety of vegetarian dishes traditionally served on banana leaves. It is a symbol of unity and harmony.

Vallamkali – The Snake Boat Race

Vallamkali, commonly known as the Snake Boat Race, is an integral part of the Onam celebrations. Teams compete in long serpent-like boats, paddling rhythmically to the beat of traditional songs.

Kaikottikali Dance

Kaikottikali, also known as the Thiruvathirakali dance, is a traditional group dance performed by women during Onam. It involves graceful movements and rhythmic clapping.

Onam Pookalam Competition

During Onam, various communities organize Pookalam competitions, where participants create exquisite flower arrangements. These competitions showcase creativity and attract large crowds.

Athachamayam Procession

The Athachamayam procession marks the beginning of the Onam festivities. It features colorful parades, traditional art forms, and decorated elephants, captivating the spectators.

Onakalikal (Games)

Onakalikal, or traditional games, are an essential part of the Onam celebrations. These games include tug-of-war, boat races, archery, and various indigenous sports that bring joy and excitement.

Thrikkakara Temple Celebrations

The Thrikkakara Temple in Kerala holds great importance during Onam. Devotees flock to the temple to seek blessings and participate in religious ceremonies.

Onam Music and Dance Performances

During Onam, musical concerts and dance performances take place across Kerala. Artists showcase classical, folk, and contemporary art forms to entertain and engage the audience.

Exhibition of Kerala Handicrafts

Many exhibitions are held during Onam, displaying traditional Kerala handicrafts and handloom products. Visitors have the opportunity to appreciate and purchase unique creations from skilled craftsmen.

The Grand Onam Procession

The finale of the Onam Festival is marked by a grand procession known as the Athachamayam procession. It features beautifully adorned elephants, colorful floats, and traditional performances, creating a mesmerizing spectacle.


Onam festival is a celebration that holds great significance in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a time for joy, cultural expression, and paying homage to the rich traditions and mythology of the region. From the grand feast of Onam Sadhya to the elaborate Pookalam flower arrangements and exciting boat races, Onam offers a unique experience that captivates people from all walks of life.

Onam is not just a festival; it is a reflection of the values and harmony that Kerala stands for. It brings people together, fostering a sense of unity and community spirit. The vibrant festivities, spectacular performances, and heartfelt celebrations create an atmosphere of joy and togetherness.

With its deep-rooted cultural rituals and captivating traditions, Onam festival continues to be cherished by people across the globe. It’s a time to rejoice, reconnect, and appreciate the rich heritage of Kerala. Whether you are participating in the celebrations or simply learning about it, Onam is an experience that will leave a lasting impression.


Q: What is the significance of Onam festival?

A: Onam festival holds immense cultural and mythological significance in the Indian state of Kerala. It is a celebration of the homecoming of King Mahabali, a mythical ruler who is believed to visit Kerala during this time. Onam also signifies the harvest season and expresses gratitude to nature’s bounty.

Q: How long does the Onam festival last?

A: Onam festival typically lasts for 10 days. The festivities kick off with Atham, the first day of the Malayalam month of Chingam, and culminate with Thiruvonam, the main day of celebrations.

Q: What are some traditional rituals associated with Onam?

A: Onam is celebrated with various rituals and customs. Some of the key traditions include creating Pookalam (floral designs) at home, performing Vallamkali (snake boat races), organizing cultural programs like Kathakali and Pulikali, and preparing and serving the grand Onam Sadhya (feast).

Q: Can anyone participate in Onam celebrations?

A: Yes, Onam celebrations are open to everyone irrespective of their caste, creed, or religion. People from all backgrounds participate in the festivities, making it a truly inclusive and joyous affair.

Q: Where can I witness the grandest Onam celebrations?

A: The grandest Onam celebrations can be witnessed in Kerala, particularly in cities like Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram, and Kozhikode. The state government and various organizations arrange special events and cultural programs during this time.