The National Library of Russia, located in St. Petersburg, is not just a repository of books but a cultural treasure trove that embodies the country’s rich literary and historical heritage. With its stunning architecture and vast collection of over 36 million items, it is not surprising that this library holds a special place in the hearts of both locals and visitors alike.
In this article, we will delve deeper into the fascinating world of the National Library of Russia and uncover 16 extraordinary facts that make it a true marvel. From its founding in the 18th century to its status as one of the largest libraries in the world, we will explore the impressive accomplishments, unique features, and remarkable anecdotes that have shaped its legacy. So, get ready to embark on a journey through time and discover the hidden wonders of this illustrious institution.
The National Library of Russia is the oldest public library in Russia.
Established in 1795 by Catherine the Great, the National Library of Russia holds the distinction of being the country’s oldest public library. It has a rich and storied history spanning over two centuries, making it an invaluable cultural institution.
The library houses over 36 million items in its collection.
With a vast collection of over 36 million items, the National Library of Russia ranks among the largest libraries in the world. Its extensive holdings include books, manuscripts, maps, periodicals, photographs, and much more, covering a wide range of disciplines and genres.
It is home to the largest collection of Russian books and manuscripts in the world.
The National Library of Russia boasts an impressive collection of Russian literature, with over 17.5 million books and manuscripts dedicated to the country’s rich literary heritage. It is a treasure trove for scholars, researchers, and book lovers seeking to explore Russia’s literary tradition.
One of the library’s highlights is the personal library of Peter the Great.
The National Library of Russia houses the personal library of Peter the Great, the renowned Tsar who played a pivotal role in modernizing Russia. This collection contains books from Peter the Great’s personal collection, providing a unique glimpse into the intellectual interests of this influential figure.
The library holds a copy of every book published in Russia and the former Soviet Union.
As a legal deposit library, the National Library of Russia receives a copy of every book published in Russia and the former Soviet Union. This comprehensive collection ensures that the library preserves a complete record of the country’s publishing output, making it an invaluable resource for researchers and historians.
It is home to several rare and valuable manuscripts.
The National Library of Russia houses a remarkable collection of rare and valuable manuscripts, including medieval illuminated manuscripts, early printed books, and ancient papyri. These precious artifacts offer insights into different historical periods and cultures, attracting scholars from around the world.
The library’s main building is an architectural masterpiece.
The main building of the National Library of Russia, known as the “Round Reading Room,” is a stunning architectural masterpiece. Designed by renowned architect Yury Felten in the 19th century, it features a neoclassical style with a circular layout and impressive interiors, creating a grand and captivating atmosphere for visitors.
The library offers a wide range of services and facilities.
Aside from its vast collection, the National Library of Russia provides a multitude of services and facilities to cater to the needs of its visitors. These include reading rooms, research assistance, digitization services, exhibitions, and cultural events, ensuring a comprehensive library experience for all who enter its doors.
It serves as a hub for academic and cultural exchange.
The National Library of Russia plays a crucial role in fostering academic and cultural exchange both within the country and internationally. Through partnerships, collaborations, and participation in conferences and exhibitions, it promotes knowledge sharing, intellectual growth, and cultural understanding.
The library’s digital collection is constantly expanding.
In the digital age, the National Library of Russia has embraced the importance of digitization and accessibility. Its digital collection continues to expand, offering online access to a wide range of resources, including digitized manuscripts, rare books, and archival materials, enabling users to explore its treasures from anywhere in the world.
The library is a UNESCO Memory of the World Register site.
The National Library of Russia has earned the prestigious recognition of being included in the UNESCO Memory of the World Register. This designation highlights the library’s significant cultural and historical significance, acknowledging its role in preserving and promoting humanity’s documentary heritage.
It houses an impressive collection of foreign literature.
While the National Library of Russia is renowned for its collection of Russian publications, it also houses a notable collection of foreign literature. From classic works of world literature to contemporary international publications, the library offers a diverse range of titles to cater to the interests of its global audience.
The library has its own publishing house.
The National Library of Russia operates its own publishing house, which releases a variety of publications, including books, journals, and catalogues. This publishing arm allows the library to share its research, expertise, and collection highlights with a wider audience, contributing to the dissemination of knowledge.
It offers a range of educational programs and exhibitions.
The National Library of Russia is committed to educational outreach and offers a variety of programs and exhibitions for all age groups. These initiatives aim to promote literacy, lifelong learning, and a deeper appreciation for books, history, and culture.
The library’s collection includes unique maps and atlases.
With a focus on cartography, the National Library of Russia boasts a collection of unique maps and atlases, ranging from historic maps to contemporary geographical references. These cartographic treasures provide valuable insights into the evolving understanding of the world throughout history.
It is a symbol of national pride and cultural heritage.
The National Library of Russia holds a special place in the hearts of the Russian people. It is not only a valuable resource for knowledge and research but also a symbol of national pride and cultural heritage, embodying the rich literary and intellectual traditions of Russia.
The National Library of Russia is truly a remarkable institution with a rich history and an extensive collection of literary and cultural artifacts. Its stunning architecture, valuable resources, and commitment to the preservation of knowledge make it a must-visit destination for book lovers and history enthusiasts alike. From being the oldest public library in Russia to housing ancient manuscripts and rare books, the National Library of Russia continues to play a pivotal role in promoting education and cultural exchange. Whether you’re interested in delving into Russian literature or exploring the library’s stunning architectural beauty, a visit to the National Library of Russia is sure to be an extraordinary experience.
1. What is the National Library of Russia?
The National Library of Russia is the oldest public library in Russia, located in Saint Petersburg. It houses an extensive collection of books, manuscripts, maps, and other cultural artifacts.
2. How old is the National Library of Russia?
The library was founded in 1795, making it over 225 years old.
3. What kind of materials can be found in the National Library of Russia?
The library boasts a vast collection of over 36 million items, including books, manuscripts, periodicals, maps, photographs, and prints.
4. Can visitors access the collection?
Yes, visitors can access the collection by obtaining a reader’s card and following the library’s regulations for accessing and handling materials.
5. Are there any unique items in the library’s collection?
Absolutely! The National Library of Russia houses many unique and rare items, including ancient manuscripts, early printed books, and historic documents.
6. Is the National Library of Russia open to the public?
Yes, the library is open to the public, allowing visitors to explore its collection and enjoy its exhibitions and events.
7. Can I take photographs inside the library?
Photography is not allowed in certain areas of the library, such as the reading rooms. However, you can usually take photographs in designated areas and during special events.
8. Is there an admission fee to visit the National Library of Russia?
No, admission to the library is usually free, but there may be specific fees for special exhibitions or events.