Ariela Sirois

Ariela Sirois

Published: 13 Sep 2023


The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is a poignant and haunting tribute to the millions of Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Located in the heart of Berlin, this monumental structure serves as a powerful reminder of one of the darkest chapters in human history.

Designed by renowned architect Peter Eisenman and engineer Buro Happold, the memorial is comprised of 2,711 concrete slabs of varying heights, arranged in a grid pattern across a vast expanse of land. This thought-provoking design creates a maze-like experience for visitors, evoking a sense of disorientation and unease.

As you explore this memorial, you will discover fascinating facts that shed light on its historical significance and architectural brilliance. From its controversial inception to its enduring impact on visitors, here are 15 astounding facts that will deepen your understanding and appreciation of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.

Table of Contents

A Powerful Tribute

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe, located in Berlin, Germany, is a poignant and powerful tribute to the millions of innocent lives lost during the Holocaust.

Vast Size and Design

Spanning an area of 19,000 square meters, the memorial is made up of 2,711 concrete slabs, each varying in height and creating an eerie and disorienting maze-like structure.

Designed by Peter Eisenman

The memorial was designed by American architect Peter Eisenman, known for his avant-garde approach to design and his focus on the emotional impact of spaces.

Officially Opened in 2005

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe was officially opened to the public on May 10, 2005, after years of planning and construction.

A Site for Reflection

The purpose of the memorial is to serve as a place of contemplation and remembrance, inviting visitors to reflect on the atrocities of the Holocaust and the importance of never forgetting this dark chapter in history.

Underground Information Center

Beneath the memorial, there is an underground information center that provides visitors with historical context and personal stories related to the Holocaust.

Entitled “Field of Stelae”

The memorial is often referred to as the “Field of Stelae,” with each concrete slab symbolizing a tombstone or a life lost during the Holocaust.

Open to Interpretation

Eisenman purposely did not provide a specific interpretation for the memorial, allowing individuals to assign their own meanings and emotions to the experience.

A Symbol of Unity and Hope

The memorial serves as a symbol of unity and hope, emphasizing the importance of compassion, tolerance, and understanding in today’s world.

The Site’s Location

The memorial is located near the Brandenburg Gate, a prominent landmark in Berlin, making it easily accessible and visible to both locals and tourists.

Controversies Surrounding the Design

The design of the memorial faced several controversies, with some critics arguing that it was too abstract and did not adequately convey the gravity of the Holocaust.

Educational Programs and Guided Tours

The memorial offers educational programs and guided tours to deepen visitors’ understanding of the Holocaust and its historical context.

Changing Perspectives

As visitors navigate through the memorial, the slabs rise and fall, creating an illusion that changes perspective and heightens the emotional impact of the experience.

A Site of Remembrance

Throughout the year, the memorial serves as a gathering place for events, ceremonies, and performances that honor the memory of the Holocaust victims.

International Recognition

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe has garnered international recognition for its design and significance, attracting millions of visitors from around the world.

The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe stands as a solemn and stirring testament to the countless lives lost during one of the darkest periods in human history. Through its unique design and thought-provoking atmosphere, it serves as a site of remembrance, education, and reflection. Whether visitors come to pay their respects, learn about the Holocaust, or simply immerse themselves in a profound sensory experience, the memorial offers a powerful and emotional journey. It reminds us of the importance of confronting the past, honoring the victims, and striving for a world where such atrocities never happen again. The 15 astounding facts about The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe represent its significance and the impact it continues to have on individuals, ensuring that the memory of the Holocaust lives on.


The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe is a powerful and thought-provoking monument that pays tribute to the victims of the Holocaust. With its unique design and profound symbolism, it serves as a reminder of the atrocities committed during World War II and the importance of remembering history. The memorial’s massive field of concrete slabs creates a disorienting experience, allowing visitors to reflect on the scale of the tragedy. Additionally, the underground Information Center provides a personalized and educational experience, shedding light on the stories of individuals who were affected by the Holocaust. Visiting this memorial is an emotional and impactful journey, offering visitors a chance to pay their respects and honor the memory of the millions who lost their lives during this dark chapter in history.


Q: What is the significance of the design of the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe?

A: The design of the memorial was intended to create a unique and powerful experience for visitors. The field of concrete slabs, known as stelae, represents the vast number of Jewish victims who perished during the Holocaust. The uneven ground and varying heights of the slabs create a disorienting atmosphere, symbolizing the confusion and chaos of the time.

Q: Can visitors enter the memorial and walk among the slabs?

A: Yes, visitors are encouraged to explore the memorial by walking among the slabs. The intention is to create an immersive experience that allows individuals to contemplate the enormity of the Holocaust and the lives lost.

Q: Is there any educational material available at the Memorial?

A: Yes, there is an underground Information Center located beneath the memorial. It provides a comprehensive and educational experience, offering exhibits, personal stories, and historical information about the Holocaust. This center aims to enhance visitors’ understanding of the tragedy and its impact.

Q: How long does it typically take to visit the Memorial?

A: The amount of time spent at the memorial can vary for each visitor. Some people prefer a quick visit to reflect and pay their respects, while others may spend hours exploring the grounds and the Information Center. On average, visitors spend around 1-2 hours at the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe.

Q: Is the Memorial free to visit?

A: Yes, the memorial is free to visit. It is open to the public and does not require any entry fees. However, guided tours and audio guides are available for those who want a more in-depth understanding of the memorial.