Melamie Provenzano

Melamie Provenzano

Published: 16 Sep 2023


The Amman Citadel, located in the heart of downtown Amman, is a historical site that bears witness to the vibrant history of the Jordanian capital. Steeped in ancient ruins and archaeological marvels, this remarkable landmark offers a glimpse into the rich heritage and cultural significance of the region.

With its strategic location atop Jabal al-Qalaa hill, the Amman Citadel has been a focal point for civilizations dating back thousands of years. From the Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods to the present day, this site has witnessed the rise and fall of empires, leaving behind a treasure trove of fascinating facts and insights.

In this article, we will delve into 13 intriguing facts about the Amman Citadel, shedding light on its historical significance and the remnants of civilizations that have left their mark on its landscape.

Table of Contents

The Amman Citadel is an ancient archaeological site in the heart of Amman, Jordan.

Situated on a hilltop in the capital city, the Amman Citadel boasts a rich history that spans over thousands of years. It is a captivating testament to the civilizations that have inhabited the region throughout the ages.

The citadel has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous civilizations.

From the Bronze Age to the Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods, the Amman Citadel has been a center of power and influence. Each era has left its mark on the site, resulting in a fascinating amalgamation of architectural styles and historical significance.

It is home to the iconic Temple of Hercules.

One of the most prominent structures within the Amman Citadel is the Temple of Hercules. This Roman temple stood tall, dedicated to the mythological hero, until an earthquake caused its collapse in the 8th century.

The Umayyad Palace provides a glimpse into the Islamic era.

Within the citadel, you will find the remains of the Umayyad Palace, which dates back to the 8th century. This architectural marvel displays intricate stonework and offers visitors a glimpse into the opulence and grandeur of the Islamic era.

It offers stunning panoramic views of Amman.

Perched on a hill, the Amman Citadel provides breathtaking panoramic views of the city below. Visitors can marvel at the juxtaposition of ancient ruins and modern cityscapes, making it a must-visit attraction for both history enthusiasts and photographers.

The Roman Theatre is a remarkable architectural masterpiece.

Adjacent to the Amman Citadel lies the Roman Theatre, which is still in use today. This grand amphitheater, dating back to the 2nd century, showcases remarkable Roman engineering and is an iconic symbol of the city’s rich past.

The citadel is a treasure trove of archaeological discoveries.

Over the years, numerous archaeological excavations have been carried out at the Amman Citadel, unearthing artifacts and shedding light on the city’s ancient civilizations. These discoveries have provided valuable insights into Amman’s historical significance and cultural heritage.

It hosts cultural events and festivals.

The Amman Citadel has become a vibrant cultural hub, hosting various events and festivals throughout the year. From music concerts and art exhibitions to cultural celebrations, this ancient site comes alive with modern-day vibrancy, creating a unique fusion of past and present.

The Archaeological Museum houses intriguing artifacts.

Located within the Amman Citadel, the Archaeological Museum displays a vast collection of artifacts unearthed from the site and its surroundings. From pottery and jewelry to ancient sculptures and inscriptions, these artifacts offer a glimpse into the daily lives and customs of the past.

It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

In recognition of its historical and cultural significance, the Amman Citadel was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in This prestigious title further highlights the importance of preserving and appreciating this remarkable archaeological treasure.

The citadel has been a strategic military fortification.

Throughout history, the Amman Citadel has served as a strategic military fortification due to its elevated location. It provided an advantageous position for defense and control, further emphasizing its significance in various conflicts and battles.

The site is a testament to Jordan’s rich history and cultural heritage.

The Amman Citadel stands as a tangible reminder of Jordan’s diverse historical narrative. It is a testament to the achievements, traditions, and resilience of the civilizations that have shaped the region, making it a source of national pride and a captivating destination for visitors from around the world.

Visitors can explore the citadel’s grounds and immerse themselves in history.

The Amman Citadel welcomes visitors to explore its vast grounds and immerse themselves in the captivating history and architectural marvels it holds. From wandering through ancient ruins to gazing at breathtaking views, a visit to the Amman Citadel is an enriching experience that offers a glimpse into the fascinating past of Jordan’s capital city.


The Amman Citadel is a truly remarkable archaeological site that captivates visitors with its rich history and breathtaking views. From its ancient origins to its significance as a cultural landmark, there are numerous fascinating facts that make the Amman Citadel a must-visit destination.

As you explore the site, you’ll discover remnants of ancient civilizations, from the Bronze Age to Roman, Byzantine, and Umayyad periods. Walking amidst towering pillars, impressive structures, and ancient artifacts gives you a glimpse into the lives of those who lived here centuries ago.

With its strategic location on a hilltop, the Amman Citadel provides panoramic views of the modern cityscape and the surrounding landscape, creating an awe-inspiring experience.

Whether you’re a history enthusiast, a culture lover, or simply seeking a unique adventure, the Amman Citadel offers a journey back in time and an opportunity to connect with Jordan’s rich heritage.


1. What is the Amman Citadel?

The Amman Citadel is an archaeological site located on a hilltop in Amman, Jordan. It is home to ancient ruins and structures dating back to various historical periods.

2. How old is the Amman Citadel?

The site of the Amman Citadel has evidence of human occupation dating back to the Bronze Age, making it thousands of years old.

3. What can I see at the Amman Citadel?

Visitors to the Amman Citadel can explore the Temple of Hercules, the Umayyad Palace, the Roman Theater, and various other archaeological ruins and artifacts.

4. Are there guided tours available at the Amman Citadel?

Yes, guided tours are available at the Amman Citadel. Professional guides provide in-depth information about the site’s history and significance.

5. How long does it take to explore the Amman Citadel?

The duration of your visit to the Amman Citadel can vary depending on your pace and level of interest. On average, visitors spend about 1-2 hours exploring the site.

6. Is the Amman Citadel accessible for people with disabilities?

The Amman Citadel has some uneven terrain and steps, which may pose challenges for people with disabilities. However, efforts have been made to make certain areas accessible, and there are ramps in some sections.

7. What are the opening hours of the Amman Citadel?

The Amman Citadel is generally open from 8:00 am to 6:00 pm, except on Fridays when it opens at 10:00 am. It is advisable to check the official website or contact the site for the most accurate information.

8. Is photography allowed at the Amman Citadel?

Yes, photography is allowed at the Amman Citadel. Visitors are encouraged to capture the beauty of the site, but extra care should be taken to avoid damaging any artifacts.

9. Are there facilities such as restrooms and cafes at the Amman Citadel?

Yes, there are restroom facilities and a café at the Amman Citadel, providing visitors with basic amenities during their visit.