Cathi Coen

Cathi Coen

Published: 14 Sep 2023


Syria, with its rich historical and cultural heritage, is home to numerous fascinating landmarks. One such remarkable destination is Apamea, a significant ancient city located in northwestern Syria. Steeped in history and surrounded by breathtaking natural beauty, Apamea attracts visitors from around the world who are eager to explore its wonders.

In this article, we will uncover 10 astounding facts about Apamea that will provide you with a deeper understanding and appreciation for this captivating archaeological site. From its strategic location along the Silk Road to its impressive Roman ruins, Apamea offers a glimpse into the ancient civilizations that once flourished there.

So, fasten your seatbelts as we embark on this journey through time, unearthing the hidden gems of Apamea and unraveling its intriguing history. Let’s delve into the fascinating world of Apamea, Syria!

Table of Contents

A Rich History Dating Back to the 3rd Century BC

Apamea, located in northwestern Syria, has a rich historical significance that dates back to the 3rd century BC. It was founded by the Seleucid king Seleucus I Nicator and named after his wife, Apama.

A Magnificent Roman City

Apamea flourished during the Roman era and became one of the most important cities in the region. It was known for its impressive architecture, grand public buildings, and vast colonnaded street, measuring approximately 2 kilometers in length.

Home to One of the Largest Roman Theaters

Apamea boasts one of the largest Roman theaters in the world, with a seating capacity of over 20,000 people. The theater was a hub for cultural and entertainment activities, hosting various performances and events.

Famous for its Historical Mosaics

The archaeological site of Apamea is renowned for its remarkable mosaic art. Intricate and beautifully preserved mosaics depicting mythological scenes, hunting scenes, and daily life can still be seen today, offering a glimpse into the past.

Witness to Byzantine and Islamic Rule

Over the centuries, Apamea saw the rise and fall of different empires. It was later ruled by the Byzantine Empire before coming under Islamic control in the 7th century.

Severely Damaged by Earthquakes

Apamea suffered considerable damage from a series of devastating earthquakes throughout its history. These seismic events caused significant destruction, altering the landscape of the ancient city.

An Archaeological Marvel

Today, Apamea stands as an archaeological marvel, attracting visitors from around the world. The site offers a glimpse into the grandeur of the past and provides valuable insights into the ancient civilizations that once thrived in the region.

Located on the Silk Road

Apamea’s strategic location on the Silk Road, an ancient network of trade routes, played a crucial role in its economic prosperity. The city became a vital hub for merchants and traders traveling between the East and the West.

A UNESCO World Heritage Site

In recognition of its historical significance and outstanding universal value, Apamea was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in This prestigious status ensures the preservation and protection of the cultural heritage of the site.

A Captivating Destination for History Enthusiasts

Apamea, with its fascinating historical legacy and architectural wonders, is a must-visit destination for history enthusiasts and travelers passionate about exploring ancient civilizations and their captivating stories.


In conclusion, Apamea in Syria is a fascinating destination that offers a rich history and stunning ancient landmarks. From its grand colonnade to its impressive defensive walls, Apamea showcases the architectural brilliance of the Hellenistic period. The city’s strategic location along the Silk Road and its role in various civilizations make it a unique and historically significant site. Whether you are a history enthusiast or simply curious about ancient civilizations, a visit to Apamea is sure to leave you awe-inspired. Explore the captivating ruins, immerse yourself in the stories of the past, and witness the enduring legacy of this remarkable city.


1. What is the best time to visit Apamea?
The best time to visit Apamea is during the spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November) seasons when the weather is mild and pleasant.

2. How do I reach Apamea?
Apamea is located in the Hama Governorate of Syria and can be reached by road or by hiring a private vehicle. It is advisable to check the current travel advisories and consult with a local guide or tour agency for the latest information on visiting the site.

3. Are there guided tours available at Apamea?
Yes, guided tours are available at Apamea. Local guides who are knowledgeable about the history and significance of the site can provide insights and make your visit more informative and enjoyable.

4. Are there any entrance fees to visit Apamea?
As of the latest information, there is an entrance fee to visit Apamea. The fee may vary for locals and foreigners, so it is advisable to inquire about the current rates before planning your visit.

5. Are there any restrictions or guidelines for visitors?
Due to the ongoing conflict in Syria, it is important to check the safety advisories and guidelines before planning a visit to Apamea. It is recommended to travel with a licensed tour guide, follow local regulations, and respect the cultural heritage of the site.