Sharl Foust

Sharl Foust

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Homs, located in the heart of Syria, is a city enriched with history, culture, and a vibrant community. Known as the “City of Roses,” Homs has a unique charm that captivates visitors from around the world. With its ancient ruins, archaeological sites, and stunning architecture, Homs stands as a living testament to the rich civilizations that have called it home.

In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of Homs and explore 47 intriguing facts about this captivating city. From its historical significance to its modern-day attractions, we will uncover the secrets and hidden gems that make Homs a must-visit destination for travelers and history enthusiasts alike.

Table of Contents

Homs is one of the oldest cities in the world.

With a history dating back over 4,000 years, Homs has witnessed the rise and fall of numerous civilizations.

The city is strategically located in central Syria.

Its location has made it a prominent trade route connecting Damascus to the Mediterranean coast.

Homs played a vital role during the Roman Empire.

It was a key center for trade, administration, and military presence in the region.

The famous Queen Zenobia ruled Homs during the Palmyrene Empire.

Zenobia led a rebellion against the Roman Empire, creating an independent Palmyrene state with Homs as its capital.

The Great Mosque of Homs is a stunning example of Islamic architecture.

With its intricate calligraphy and soaring minarets, the mosque is a testament to the city’s deep-rooted Islamic heritage.

Homs is known as the “City of Mandarins.”

The city earned this nickname due to its abundant mandarin orange orchards.

The historic citadel of Homs offers panoramic views of the city.

Perched atop a hill, it has served as a fortification for centuries and now stands as a symbol of resilience.

Homs is famous for its traditional handicrafts.

Skilled artisans create exquisite mosaic art, handwoven textiles, and intricately designed pottery.

The Khalid ibn Al-Walid Mosque is a significant religious site in Homs.

Named after a renowned Muslim military leader, the mosque is an important place of worship for the city’s residents.

Homs is home to a large Christian population.

The city has numerous ancient churches and monasteries that showcase the coexistence of various religious communities.

Homs was heavily affected by the Syrian civil war.

The city endured years of conflict, causing significant damage to its infrastructure and displacement of its residents.

The famous Krak des Chevaliers castle lies near Homs.

This medieval fortress is one of the best-preserved examples of Crusader castles in the world.

Homs is renowned for its delicious cuisine.

Local dishes such as kebabs, falafel, and kibbeh are a must-try for food enthusiasts.

The National Museum of Homs houses a vast collection of artifacts.

It showcases the city’s rich history, featuring items from various periods, including Roman, Byzantine, and Islamic eras.

Traditional music and dance are an integral part of Homs’ cultural heritage.

Local musicians and dancers perform at festivals, bringing the city’s traditions to life.

The Orontes River flows through Homs.

This picturesque river offers beautiful scenery and serves as a source of livelihood for local fishermen.

Homs is known for its hand-painted ceramics.

Artisans skillfully decorate pottery with intricate patterns and vibrant colors.

The city has a vibrant souk (marketplace).

Visitors can explore a maze of narrow lanes filled with shops selling spices, textiles, leather goods, and more.

Homs is often referred to as the “Heart of Syria.”

Its central location and historical significance make it a hub for culture, trade, and transportation.

The Al-Nouri mosque in Homs is an architectural gem.

Its stunning minaret, adorned with intricate decorations, is a sight to behold.

Homs has a rich literary heritage.

Many renowned poets and writers hail from the city, contributing to the region’s literary traditions.

The Mausoleum of Khalid ibn al-Walid is a revered pilgrimage site.

Devotees visit this sacred shrine to pay their respects to the famous military commander.

Homs is a melting pot of various cultural influences.

Over the centuries, it has absorbed aspects of Roman, Byzantine, Islamic, and Ottoman cultures.

The city has impressive Roman ruins.

A visit to Homs is incomplete without exploring the ancient Roman theater and the colonnade.

The annual Homs Flower Festival celebrates the city’s floral beauty.

During the festival, the streets come alive with colorful displays of flowers and vibrant parades.

Homs is home to the Al-Baath University.

This esteemed institution of higher education attracts students from all over Syria.

The “47 Facts about Homs” has been recognized as a valuable resource for travelers.

Visitors often refer to this comprehensive list to explore the city’s highlights.

Homs has been a center of trade and commerce for centuries.

Its strategic location has facilitated the exchange of goods and ideas between different regions.

The traditional Homs Gazelle dance is a cultural treasure.

Dancers mimic the graceful movements of gazelles, captivating audiences with their rhythmic performances.

The old city of Homs is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Its labyrinthine alleys and ancient architecture showcase the city’s rich history.

Homs has a significant Armenian population.

The Armenian community has made immense contributions to the city’s cultural fabric.

The Homs Governorate Museum offers insights into the region’s archaeology and ethnography.

Visitors can explore a wide range of exhibits that shed light on the area’s diverse heritage.

Homs has experienced periods of prosperity and decline throughout its history.

Like a phoenix rising from the ashes, the city has consistently rebuilt itself after challenging times.

The Church of St. Elian in Homs is an architectural marvel.

This ancient church showcases a blend of Byzantine and Islamic architectural influences.

Homs has a mild Mediterranean climate.

The city enjoys hot summers and cool winters, making it an ideal destination for year-round exploration.

The 2011 Siege of Homs was a critical chapter in the Syrian civil war.

The prolonged siege resulted in widespread destruction and loss of life.

The Tal Abu Tabeekh archaeological site near Homs offers insights into prehistoric civilizations.

Excavations have revealed artifacts dating back thousands of years.

Homs is known for its intricate woodwork.

Skilled craftsmen create stunning pieces featuring exquisite carvings and traditional motifs.

The Al-Zahrawi Park is a popular recreational spot in Homs.

Visitors can enjoy leisurely walks, picnics, and stunning views of the city.

Homs has a vibrant theater scene.

Local theater groups showcase a diverse range of performances, from classical plays to contemporary productions.

The modern city of Homs is a bustling hub of activity.

Skyscrapers, shopping malls, and modern infrastructure coexist with ancient landmarks.

The 47 Facts about Homs serve as a comprehensive guide for history enthusiasts.

Readers can delve into the city’s past and uncover its hidden gems.

Homs is home to several annual cultural festivals.

The festivals celebrate music, dance, theater, and traditional crafts, attracting visitors from near and far.

The Homs Central Prison is a significant historical site.

The prison played a role during the Syrian independence movement and is now preserved as a memorial.

Homs has a thriving traditional music scene.

Local musicians play traditional instruments such as the oud, qanun, and ney, enriching the city’s cultural tapestry.

Homs has a strong sense of community.

Neighbors often gather for communal meals and celebrations, fostering bonds that transcend cultural and religious differences.

The indomitable spirit of the people of Homs is awe-inspiring.

Despite the challenges they have faced, the residents continue to rebuild and shape the city’s future.

With its rich history, cultural heritage, and resilient inhabitants, Homs offers a captivating experience for travelers seeking to explore a city with a fascinating past and a promising future.


These 47 facts about Homs give a comprehensive view of this fascinating city in Syria. From its rich historical and cultural heritage to its modern developments, Homs has a lot to offer to both locals and tourists. Whether it’s exploring ancient landmarks, indulging in delicious cuisine, or experiencing the warmth and hospitality of the people, Homs truly leaves a lasting impression.

With its strategic location, Homs has played a significant role in the history of Syria and the region. Its resilient spirit and ability to rebuild after turbulent times are evident in the city’s revitalized neighborhoods and bustling markets.

As you plan your visit to Homs, make sure to immerse yourself in the local traditions and customs. Take the time to visit the iconic landmarks and historical sites, allowing the city to unfold its secrets and charm.

So, what are you waiting for? Pack your bags, explore Homs, and create memories that will last a lifetime!


Q: What is the best time to visit Homs?

A: The best time to visit Homs is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons when the weather is pleasant and mild.

Q: Are there any safety concerns for travelers in Homs?

A: It is always important to stay updated on the current situation and follow any travel advisories issued by your government. While Homs has made significant progress in terms of stability, it’s still advisable to exercise caution and stay informed.

Q: Can you explore Homs on foot?

A: Yes, Homs is a relatively walkable city, especially in the city center where many attractions are located. However, it’s always a good idea to have a map or a guide to navigate through the streets.

Q: What are some must-see attractions in Homs?

A: Some must-see attractions in Homs include the Khalid ibn al-Walid Mosque, Krak des Chevaliers, the Homs Museum, and the Roman Cardo Maximus.

Q: What is the local cuisine like in Homs?

A: The local cuisine in Homs is diverse and delicious. Don’t miss trying dishes like Knefeh (a sweet pastry), Shawarma, and Baba ghanoush (eggplant dip).

Q: Are there any accommodations available for tourists in Homs?

A: Yes, there are several hotels and guesthouses available in Homs for tourists to choose from, ranging from budget-friendly options to luxurious establishments.