Bethina Nielson

Bethina Nielson

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023


Welcome to Palangkaraya, the capital city of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia. Palangkaraya is a vibrant and diverse city that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural heritage, and modern development. Situated on the banks of the Kahayan River, Palangkaraya is known for its lush rainforests, stunning landscapes, and exotic wildlife. With a population of over 250,000 people, it is one of the fastest growing cities in Indonesia. In this article, we will explore 36 fascinating facts about Palangkaraya, from its rich history and cultural traditions to its captivating tourist attractions and delectable cuisine. So let’s dive into the wonders of Palangkaraya and discover what makes this city truly special.

Table of Contents

Palangkaraya is the capital city of Central Kalimantan province in Indonesia.

Nestled in the heart of the island of Borneo, Palangkaraya is a vibrant city known for its rich cultural heritage and stunning natural beauty.

The city was founded on January 17, 1957.

Palangkaraya was established with the aim of becoming the center of government and development in Central Kalimantan.

Palangkaraya covers an area of approximately 2,942 square kilometers.

With its expansive land area, the city offers a wide range of environments, from lush rainforests to scenic lakes and rivers.

The name “Palangkaraya” comes from the local Dayak language.

“Palangka” means sacred object, and “Raya” means big, representing the city’s significance in the region.

Lake Tahai is one of the main attractions in Palangkaraya.

Surrounded by dense forests, this picturesque lake is known for its calm waters and beautiful sunsets.

The Rungan River flows through Palangkaraya.

This majestic river provides locals and visitors with opportunities for boating, fishing, and other water activities.

Palangkaraya is the home of the Dayak people.

The Dayak, with their unique customs and traditions, form a significant part of the city’s cultural identity.

The city is known for its traditional art and music.

Dayak dances and music performances are often showcased during festivals and cultural events.

Palangkaraya has a tropical rainforest climate.

The city experiences high humidity and consistent rainfall throughout the year, creating a lush and green environment.

The City Forest is a green oasis in Palangkaraya.

This urban park offers a refreshing escape from the hustle and bustle of the city, with walking trails and recreational facilities.

Palangkaraya is home to the College of Palangka Raya.

As an academic hub, the college attracts students from various regions of Indonesia.

The Annual Kebul Language Festival celebrates the local indigenous language.

During the festival, visitors can learn about the unique linguistic and cultural heritage of the Dayak people.

Palangkaraya is known for its culinary delights.

From traditional Dayak dishes to Indonesian favorites, the city offers a wide range of culinary experiences.

The Provincial Museum of Central Kalimantan is located in Palangkaraya.

This museum exhibits various artifacts, traditional handicrafts, and historical relics, providing insights into the region’s rich history.

The city hosts the International Dayak Cultural Festival.

During this event, visitors can witness vibrant cultural performances, traditional sports competitions, and explore local handicrafts.

Palangkaraya is home to several unique wildlife species.

In the surrounding rainforests, you may encounter orangutans, proboscis monkeys, and various bird species.

The Tangkiling Nature Tourism Park offers opportunities for trekking and wildlife spotting.

Explorers can immerse themselves in the natural beauty of Palangkaraya’s forests while observing the diverse flora and fauna.

The city is a gateway to the spectacular Tanjung Putting National Park.

This renowned national park is famous for its orangutan rehabilitation center and extensive river systems.

Palangkaraya celebrates its anniversary on January 17th every year.

The city comes alive with colorful parades, cultural performances, and fireworks displays.

The Annual Nusantara Flower Festival showcases the region’s vibrant floral heritage.

Visitors can witness stunning flower displays, participate in gardening competitions, and attend flower-themed workshops and exhibitions.

The city has a thriving traditional crafts industry.

Local artisans are skilled in weaving, woodcarving, and pottery making, producing unique handicrafts that reflect the Dayak culture.

Palangkaraya hosts the Central Kalimantan International Dragon Boat Festival.

This exciting event attracts teams from around the world to participate in thrilling dragon boat races on the Rungan River.

The Kahayan Bridge is an iconic landmark in Palangkaraya.

This elegant suspension bridge connects the two banks of the Kahayan River, offering stunning views of the cityscape.

The Regional Library of Central Kalimantan is located in Palangkaraya.

Book enthusiasts can explore a vast collection of books, manuscripts, and historical documents.

The city has a vibrant traditional market, Pasar Besar Palangkaraya.

Visitors can immerse themselves in the local culture, browse a wide range of goods, and sample delicious street food.

Palangkaraya is a hub for eco-tourism in Borneo.

With its untouched rainforests and diverse wildlife, the city offers numerous eco-friendly activities and breathtaking natural landscapes.

The 36-hectare Taman Budaya Kalteng is a cultural park in Palangkaraya.

Visitors can explore traditional Dayak longhouses, watch folk performances, and learn about the indigenous way of life.

The Palangkaraya Stadium hosts various sports events and competitions.

It is a venue for football matches, athletics, and other sporting activities.

The city prides itself on its commitment to environmental sustainability.

Efforts are made to preserve the natural beauty of Palangkaraya and promote eco-friendly practices.

With its strategic location, Palangkaraya serves as a transportation hub.

The city is well-connected by air, land, and waterways, making it accessible for travelers.

The city’s economy relies on agriculture, mining, and timber industries.

It is a significant producer of palm oil, rubber, and timber products.

The Orangutan Foundation International has its headquarters near Palangkaraya.

This organization focuses on conservation and rehabilitation efforts for orangutans in Borneo.

Palangkaraya is known for its warm and welcoming local community.

Visitors often praise the hospitality and friendliness of the people of Palangkaraya.

The city is a melting pot of diverse cultures and ethnicities.

Besides the Dayak, people from various Indonesian provinces contribute to the cultural diversity of Palangkaraya.

Palangkaraya hosts the Central Kalimantan International Film Festival.

This event celebrates the art of filmmaking and showcases local and international films.

The local cuisine of Palangkaraya is a fusion of traditional Dayak flavors with Indonesian influences.

Don’t miss the opportunity to try dishes like polumpung, basung, and ayam pansuh.


In conclusion, Palangkaraya is a truly fascinating city with a wealth of interesting facts and attractions. From its unique location in the heart of Borneo to its rich cultural heritage and natural wonders, Palangkaraya offers visitors a unique and unforgettable experience. Whether you are interested in exploring the lush rainforests, discovering the native Dayak tribes, or soaking in the vibrant local culture, Palangkaraya has something to offer everyone. So, plan your trip to this hidden gem and immerse yourself in the beauty and charm of Palangkaraya.


1. What is the best time to visit Palangkaraya?

The best time to visit Palangkaraya is during the dry season, which typically spans from May to September. The weather is generally pleasant, with lower chances of rain and comfortable temperatures.

2. How can I reach Palangkaraya?

Palangkaraya is well-connected by air, with the Tjilik Riwut Airport serving as the main gateway. Several airlines operate regular flights to and from major cities in Indonesia, making it easy to reach Palangkaraya by air.

3. What are the must-visit attractions in Palangkaraya?

Some of the must-visit attractions in Palangkaraya include the Kahayan Bridge, Palangkaraya City Park, Tjilik Riwut Museum, Tangkiling Hill, and the Batu Mentawir Cultural Village. Each of these places offers a unique glimpse into the history, culture, and natural beauty of the city.

4. Are there any eco-tourism opportunities in Palangkaraya?

Absolutely! Palangkaraya is surrounded by pristine rainforests and is home to various ecotourism sites. You can explore the lush jungle, spot exotic wildlife, go on river cruises, and even participate in community-based eco-tourism initiatives.

5. Is it safe to travel to Palangkaraya?

Yes, Palangkaraya is generally a safe city for tourists. However, it’s always a good idea to take general precautions while traveling, such as being aware of your surroundings, avoiding isolated areas at night, and taking necessary precautions to protect your belongings.

6. Are there any traditional festivals celebrated in Palangkaraya?

Yes, Palangkaraya hosts several traditional festivals throughout the year, including the Palangkaraya Festival and the Dayak Cultural Festival. These events showcase the vibrant Dayak culture, traditional music, dance performances, and handicraft exhibitions.

7. Can I go on river tours in Palangkaraya?

Absolutely! Palangkaraya is known for its scenic rivers, and you can embark on river tours to explore the beauty of the Kahayan River or the Sabangau River, which is home to a large population of orangutans.

8. What are the local cuisines to try in Palangkaraya?

When in Palangkaraya, don’t miss the opportunity to try the local delicacies such as soto Banjar (a traditional soup), nasi kuning (yellow rice), ayam tangkap (crispy chicken), and various traditional Dayak dishes like papeda and sambal goreng teri.

9. Are there any accommodations options in Palangkaraya?

Yes, Palangkaraya offers a range of accommodation options to suit various budgets and preferences. You can choose from luxury hotels, budget-friendly guesthouses, or even opt for homestays to experience the local hospitality.

10. Can I explore the nearby national parks from Palangkaraya?

Yes, Palangkaraya serves as a convenient base to explore the nearby national parks such as the Sebangau National Park and the Bukit Tangkiling Nature Reserve. These parks are home to diverse flora and fauna and offer opportunities for trekking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting.