Elsi Odell

Elsi Odell

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023

Source: Novascotia.com

Halifax, the capital city of Nova Scotia, is a vibrant and historic city that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural attractions, and maritime charm. Situated on the eastern coast of Canada, Halifax is known for its picturesque waterfront, beautiful parks, and a thriving arts scene. Whether you’re a history buff, a nature lover, or a food enthusiast, Halifax has something to offer for everyone.

This article will delve into 34 fascinating facts about Halifax, providing you with insights into the city’s rich history, cultural heritage, and noteworthy landmarks. From its founding in the 18th century to its role in the Titanic disaster, Halifax has a captivating story to tell. So, sit back, relax, and get ready to discover the hidden gems and intriguing tales that make Halifax an extraordinary destination.

Table of Contents

The capital of Nova Scotia

Halifax is the capital city of Nova Scotia, a province in eastern Canada.

Founded in 1749

Halifax was established on June 21, 1749, by the British as a military outpost and naval station.

Named after the British Earl of Halifax

The city is named after George Montagu-Dunk, the 2nd Earl of Halifax, who was the President of the Board of Trade in Britain.

A major economic center

Halifax is a significant economic hub in Atlantic Canada, with a diverse range of industries including finance, education, healthcare, and tourism.

Home to Canada’s oldest continuously operating farmers’ market

The Halifax Farmers’ Market has been in operation since 1750, making it the oldest continually running farmers’ market in Canada.

A vibrant arts and culture scene

Halifax is known for its thriving arts and culture scene, with numerous art galleries, theaters, and music venues across the city.

Halifax Citadel National Historic Site

The Halifax Citadel is a star-shaped fortress that played a crucial role in the city’s defense throughout history. Today, it is a popular tourist attraction.

The second-largest natural harbor in the world

Halifax Harbor is one of the largest and deepest natural harbors globally, providing a strategic location for maritime activities.

Titanic connections

Halifax has strong ties to the RMS Titanic tragedy. Many of the recovered bodies were brought to Halifax, and several memorials and grave sites can be found in the city.

Home to prestigious universities

Halifax is home to several renowned universities, including Dalhousie University, Saint Mary’s University, and the University of King’s College.

A thriving seafood industry

With its access to the Atlantic Ocean, Halifax has a booming seafood industry known for its fresh lobsters, clams, scallops, and other delicious seafood delicacies.

The birthplace of Canadian Confederation

The inaugural meeting that led to the formation of the Dominion of Canada took place in Halifax in 1864.

Rich maritime history

Halifax has a deep-rooted maritime history, with a strong connection to the shipping industry, naval forces, and seafaring traditions.

Hosting the International Busker Festival

Every summer, Halifax comes alive with street performers from around the world during the International Busker Festival, entertaining visitors and locals alike.

Historic architecture

The city boasts a mix of modern and historic architecture, with beautiful old buildings like Province House, the oldest legislative building in Canada.

Home to Peggy’s Cove

Peggy’s Cove, a picturesque fishing village known for its iconic lighthouse and granite rock formations, is located just outside of Halifax.

A hub for outdoor activities

Halifax offers a wide range of outdoor activities, including hiking, sailing, kayaking, and exploring the scenic trails around the city.

Stunning coastal views

With its location on the Atlantic coast, Halifax offers breathtaking views of the ocean and picturesque coastal landscapes.

A vibrant music scene

Halifax has a thriving music scene, known for producing talented musicians in various genres, including folk, rock, and indie music.

Hosting the Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo

The Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo is held annually in Halifax, featuring military bands, bagpipes, dancers, and performers from around the world.

A popular cruise ship destination

Halifax is a frequent stop for cruise ships traveling along the Atlantic coast, allowing tourists to explore the city’s attractions and experience its maritime charm.

Home to the Halifax Public Gardens

The Halifax Public Gardens is a Victorian-style garden oasis in the heart of the city, offering a tranquil escape for visitors and locals.

The Cultural Capital of Canada in 2011

In 2011, Halifax was designated as the Cultural Capital of Canada, highlighting its rich cultural heritage and vibrant arts community.

The Halifax Explosion

In 1917, Halifax was devastated by the largest man-made explosion before the atomic bomb, resulting from a collision between two ships in the harbor.

Historic sites and museums

Halifax is home to numerous historic sites and museums, such as the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Halifax History Museum, showcasing the city’s past.

Alexander Keith’s Brewery

Experience a taste of history at Alexander Keith’s Brewery, where visitors can learn about the brewing process and enjoy a guided tour complete with lively entertainment.

Hosting the Halifax Jazz Festival

Every summer, Halifax hosts the Halifax Jazz Festival, attracting jazz enthusiasts and showcasing talented musicians from around the world.

A gateway to the stunning Cabot Trail

Halifax serves as a gateway to the Cabot Trail, a scenic drive renowned for its breathtaking coastal views and hiking trails in Cape Breton Island.

The Tall Ships Festival

The Tall Ships Festival in Halifax brings majestic sailing vessels from around the world, allowing visitors to admire their beauty and learn about their history.

An abundance of parks and green spaces

Halifax offers a wide range of parks and green spaces, providing opportunities for outdoor recreation, picnics, and relaxation.

A culinary destination

Halifax has a growing food scene, with a variety of restaurants, cafes, and pubs offering delicious cuisine ranging from traditional seafood dishes to international flavors.

Hosting the Atlantic Film Festival

The Atlantic Film Festival celebrates Atlantic Canadian and international cinema, screening a diverse range of films and attracting filmmakers and film enthusiasts.

A vibrant LGBTQ+ community

Halifax has a thriving LGBTQ+ community, with inclusive spaces, events, and organizations that celebrate diversity and promote equality.

A warm and friendly atmosphere

Halifax is known for its warm and friendly atmosphere, welcoming visitors with open arms and offering a sense of community.


Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotia, is a vibrant and historic city with a rich cultural heritage and a thriving arts scene. With its picturesque coastal landscapes, Halifax offers breathtaking views of the Atlantic Ocean, making it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts. The city’s deep connection to its maritime history is evident in its bustling seafood industry and the iconic Halifax Citadel National Historic Site. Halifax is also renowned for its prestigious universities, including Dalhousie University and Saint Mary’s University, attracting students from around the world.

Visitors to Halifax can immerse themselves in the city’s vibrant music scene, explore historic sites and museums, and indulge in delicious cuisine at the numerous restaurants and pubs scattered throughout the city. The Halifax Farmers’ Market, the oldest continuously operating market in Canada, is a must-visit for those looking to experience the local flavors and products. The city also hosts various festivals and events throughout the year, including the Royal Nova Scotia International Tattoo, the Halifax Jazz Festival, and the Tall Ships Festival.

Halifax’s warm and friendly atmosphere, combined with its stunning natural beauty and rich cultural offerings, make it a truly unique destination that should not be missed. Whether you’re strolling through the Halifax Public Gardens, enjoying live music at a local venue, or simply taking in the coastal views, Halifax has something to offer for everyone.


Halifax is a city full of rich history, stunning natural beauty, and a vibrant cultural scene. With its fascinating landmarks, diverse culinary offerings, and friendly locals, it offers something for everyone. Whether you’re a history buff exploring the historic sites, an outdoor enthusiast exploring the picturesque landscapes, or a food lover indulging in the local delicacies, Halifax has it all.

From the iconic Peggy’s Cove to the bustling waterfront boardwalk, Halifax showcases its unique charm at every corner. Immerse yourself in the maritime heritage at the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic or enjoy a leisurely stroll through the beautiful Public Gardens. The city’s vibrant arts scene also boasts numerous galleries, museums, and theaters, providing endless opportunities for cultural enrichment.

With its welcoming atmosphere and variety of attractions, Halifax is a must-visit destination that will leave you with unforgettable memories. Do yourself a favor and explore this captivating city for an experience like no other.


1. What is the best time to visit Halifax?

The best time to visit Halifax is during the summer months, from June to September, when the weather is pleasant and ideal for outdoor activities.

2. How do I get to Halifax?

Halifax can be easily reached by air with the Halifax Stanfield International Airport serving as a major hub. Alternatively, you can also take a train or drive to the city depending on your location.

3. What are some must-visit attractions in Halifax?

Some must-visit attractions in Halifax include the historic Citadel Hill, the picturesque Peggy’s Cove, the vibrant waterfront boardwalk, and the charming Public Gardens.

4. What is Halifax known for?

Halifax is known for its rich maritime history, delicious seafood, friendly locals, and stunning coastal scenery.

5. Are there any outdoor activities in Halifax?

Absolutely! Halifax offers a variety of outdoor activities such as hiking, kayaking, whale watching, and exploring the scenic trails and parks.

6. What is the local cuisine like in Halifax?

The local cuisine in Halifax is renowned for its fresh seafood, particularly lobster and scallops. You can also indulge in other delicacies like donair, a popular local specialty.

7. Can I take a day trip from Halifax?

Yes, there are several day trip options from Halifax, including visiting the picturesque Peggy’s Cove, exploring the charming town of Lunenburg, or taking a scenic drive along the Cabot Trail.

8. Is Halifax a safe city to visit?

Halifax is considered a safe city to visit. However, it is always advisable to exercise caution and take general safety precautions while traveling.

9. Are there any festivals or events in Halifax?

Yes, Halifax hosts various festivals and events throughout the year, including the Halifax International Buskers Festival, the Atlantic Film Festival, and the Halifax Oyster Festival.

10. What is the currency used in Halifax?

The currency used in Halifax is the Canadian Dollar (CAD).