Roseanna Angle

Roseanna Angle

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


Balurghat, a quaint town located in the Dakshin Dinajpur district of West Bengal, India, is known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and natural beauty. With a population of around 150,000, Balurghat is a bustling urban center that offers a unique blend of tradition and modernity.

Situated on the banks of the Atreyee River, Balurghat is surrounded by lush green fields and picturesque landscapes. The town serves as a gateway to several tourist attractions, making it a popular destination for nature lovers and history enthusiasts.

In this article, we will explore 34 fascinating facts about Balurghat that will give you a deeper insight into its charm and significance in the region. From its historical landmarks and cultural festivals to its delectable cuisine and thriving arts scene, there is a lot to discover about this hidden gem of West Bengal.

Table of Contents


Balurghat is a small town located in the South Dinajpur district of West Bengal, India. It is situated near the India-Bangladesh border.

Historical Significance

Balurghat holds great historical significance as it was once a part of the ancient kingdom of Pundravardhana and has witnessed various dynasties ruling over it.

Cultural Heritage

The town has a rich cultural heritage with a blend of Bengali, Rajbanshi, and indigenous tribal cultures. Festivals like Durga Puja, Diwali, and Kali Puja are celebrated with great fervor.

Natural Beauty

Balurghat is blessed with natural beauty, surrounded by lush green landscapes, forests, and rivers. The Atreyee River flowing through the town adds to its scenic charm.

Wildlife Sanctuary

The small town is home to the Balurghat Wildlife Sanctuary, which is known for its diverse flora and fauna. It serves as a habitat for various species of animals and birds.

Educational Hub

Balurghat has several schools and colleges that provide quality education to students. It is recognized as an educational hub in the region.


Agriculture is the primary occupation of the people in Balurghat. The fertile soil and favorable climate make it suitable for cultivating crops like paddy, jute, vegetables, and fruits.


The town is known for its traditional handicrafts, including terracotta products, pottery, and handloom textiles. The artisans here showcase their craftsmanship through these unique creations.

Religious Places

Balurghat is dotted with numerous temples and mosques, representing the religious diversity of the town. The Sitaram Mandir and Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama are popular pilgrimage sites.

Health Facilities

The town has well-equipped hospitals and medical facilities that cater to the healthcare needs of the residents and nearby areas.

Festivals and Fairs

Various festivals and fairs are celebrated in Balurghat throughout the year, attracting a large number of visitors. The Balurghat Mela is one of the most prominent events.


Balurghat is well-connected to other parts of West Bengal through roads and railways. The Balurghat Railway Station serves as a major transportation hub.

Architectural Marvels

The town boasts several architectural marvels like the Balurghat Rajbari, which showcases the grandeur of the bygone era.

Traditional Cuisine

Balurghat is known for its traditional Bengali cuisine, with mouthwatering dishes like macher jhol (fish curry), shorshe ilish (hilsa fish in mustard sauce), and mishti doi (sweet yogurt).

Cultural Events

The residents of Balurghat actively participate in cultural events, including music, dance, theater, and poetry recitals.


The surrounding natural beauty of Balurghat attracts nature enthusiasts and offers opportunities for eco-tourism activities like bird-watching and nature trails.

Industrial Growth

There has been significant industrial growth in Balurghat in recent years, with the establishment of factories and industrial units creating employment opportunities for the locals.

Traditional Folk Music

Balurghat is known for its vibrant folk music, with genres like Bhatiali and Bhawaiya being popular among the locals.

Educational Institutions

The town is home to several educational institutions, including Balurghat College, providing quality education and promoting higher learning.

Historical Monuments

Balurghat has several historical monuments that reflect its rich history, including the Rajbari, the Nagar Kuthi, and the Char Bangla Mandir.

Sports and Recreation

The town promotes sports and recreation, with facilities for various indoor and outdoor activities like cricket, football, and swimming.

Social Welfare Organizations

Balurghat is home to several social welfare organizations that work towards the betterment of society, focusing on areas like healthcare, education, and women empowerment.

Tourist Attractions

Balurghat offers a range of tourist attractions, including the Durgapur Barrage, the Bhairab Dighi, and the Nirmali Kumari Glass Temple.

Ethnic Diversity

The town has a diverse ethnic population, with communities like Bengali, Rajbanshi, and Santhal coexisting harmoniously.

Dance Forms

Balurghat showcases various dance forms, including traditional folk dances like Jhumur and Santhal Nritya.

Handicraft Exhibitions

Handicraft exhibitions are frequently held in Balurghat, providing a platform for local artisans to display their skills and products.

Famous Personalities

Balurghat has been the birthplace of prominent personalities in various fields, including literature, sports, and politics.

Government Offices

The town is home to various government offices and administrative centers, serving as important hubs for governance and public services.

Educational Initiatives

Several educational initiatives have been undertaken in Balurghat to promote literacy and provide equal access to education for all.

Cultural Associations

There are several cultural associations and clubs in Balurghat that actively organize cultural events and promote local talent.

Environmental Conservation

Balurghat has actively taken up initiatives for environmental conservation, including tree plantation drives and awareness campaigns.

Traditional Arts and Crafts

The town is famous for its traditional arts and crafts, including patachitra (scroll painting), dokra (metal craft), and kantha embroidery.

Literature and Writers

Balurghat has produced renowned writers and poets who have contributed significantly to Bengali literature.

Friendly Community

The residents of Balurghat are known for their warm hospitality and friendly nature, making it a welcoming place for visitors.


In conclusion, Balurghat is a fascinating city with a rich history and a vibrant cultural scene. From its historical landmarks to its natural beauty, there is plenty to explore and discover in this hidden gem of West Bengal. Whether you are a history enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply someone looking for a unique travel experience, Balurghat has something to offer everyone. So, pack your bags and embark on a journey to Balurghat to witness its charm and soak in its beauty.


Q: What is the best time to visit Balurghat?

A: The best time to visit Balurghat is during the winter months of November to February when the weather is pleasant and ideal for outdoor activities.

Q: Are there any famous attractions in Balurghat?

A: Yes, some of the famous attractions in Balurghat include Mathurapur Durga Temple, Balurghat Park, Patiram Jot, and Tapan Dighi.

Q: How can I reach Balurghat?

A: Balurghat is well-connected by road and rail. The nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport, which is approximately 221 km away. Regular buses and trains are available from major cities in West Bengal.

Q: Are there any accommodations in Balurghat?

A: Yes, Balurghat offers a range of accommodation options including hotels, guesthouses, and homestays to suit different budgets and preferences.

Q: What are some popular local dishes in Balurghat?

A: Some popular local dishes in Balurghat include Mohua Ras, Shorshe Ilish, Mutton Kosha, and Sondesh.

Q: Is Balurghat a safe city for tourists?

A: Yes, Balurghat is generally a safe city for tourists. However, it is always advisable to take necessary precautions and follow safety guidelines while traveling.