Eileen Hollifield

Eileen Hollifield

Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023

Source: Mindbodygreen.com

Doves, with their distinctive cooing and graceful flight, have captivated humans for centuries. These beautiful birds are known for their peaceful and gentle nature, symbolizing love, peace, and devotion in different cultures around the world. In this article, we will explore 20 fascinating facts about doves that you may not be aware of. From their symbolic significance to their unique characteristics and behaviors, these facts will give you a deeper understanding of these remarkable avian creatures. So, let’s delve into the world of doves and discover some intriguing aspects about these beloved birds. Whether you are a dove enthusiast or simply curious about these feathery creatures, get ready to be amazed by the wonders of doves!

Table of Contents

Doves are symbols of peace.

One of the most well-known facts about doves is their association with peace. Throughout history, doves have been seen as messengers of tranquility and harmony, making them a powerful symbol in various cultures.

Doves are part of the pigeon family.

Did you know that doves belong to the pigeon family? These two bird species are closely related, sharing similar characteristics such as their small size and gentle nature.

Doves mate for life.

Unlike many other bird species, doves are known for their lifelong monogamous relationships. Once they find a mate, they stay together for the long haul, displaying unwavering loyalty and devotion.

Doves can recognize themselves in mirrors.

Doves have demonstrated an ability to recognize their own reflections in mirrors, a trait that is often considered a sign of self-awareness and high cognitive functioning.

Doves can fly at high speeds.

These elegant birds are not just beautiful to look at; they are also incredibly fast flyers. Doves can reach speeds of up to 55 miles per hour, allowing them to navigate through the sky with grace and agility.

Doves have excellent navigational skills.

It is astonishing how doves possess an innate ability to navigate their way over long distances. They use various cues, including the Earth’s magnetic field and the position of the sun, to find their way back home.

Doves are symbolically important in Christianity.

In Christianity, doves are significant symbols of the Holy Spirit and peace. These birds are often depicted in religious art as carrying olive branches, representing peace and reconciliation.

Doves are found all over the world.

Doves are a versatile species that can be found in almost every corner of the world. From urban environments to rural landscapes, these adaptable birds have managed to thrive in diverse habitats.

Doves can live for a long time.

When well-cared for, doves can live for a considerable amount of time. On average, they can live between 12 to 15 years, but some have been known to reach the age of 20 or even older.

Doves have a unique courtship dance.

During courtship, male doves perform an elaborate and charming dance to attract their potential mates. This unique display involves bowing, wing-flapping, and cooing sounds, creating a mesmerizing spectacle.

Doves are vegetarian.

Doves have a primarily vegetarian diet, feeding on seeds, fruits, grains, and occasionally small insects. Their delicate beaks are perfectly designed for picking up and consuming these plant-based foods.

Doves are excellent parents.

When it comes to parenting, doves are known for their attentiveness and care. Both the male and female take turns incubating the eggs and feeding the hatchlings, ensuring their offspring’s well-being.

Doves can communicate through various vocalizations.

Doves have a language of their own, communicating with each other through a range of soft cooing sounds. These vocalizations serve as ways to establish territory, attract mates, and maintain social bonds.

Doves have been domesticated for thousands of years.

Humans have been domesticating doves for centuries, mainly for their beauty and soothing cooing sounds. Today, doves are popular pets and are often used in special events, such as weddings and ceremonies.

Doves have fantastic eyesight.

With their well-developed eyes, doves have excellent vision, allowing them to spot food, predators, and potential hazards from a distance. Their keen eyesight is crucial for their survival in the wild.

Doves have a gentle demeanor.

One of the endearing characteristics of doves is their gentle and peaceful nature. They are known for their calm temperament, which adds to their symbolic representation of peace and harmony.

Doves are highly adaptable.

Doves have proven to be adaptable creatures, capable of adjusting to new environments and changing conditions. This adaptability has contributed to their widespread presence across different regions of the world.

Doves build nests in hidden locations.

When it comes to nesting, doves prefer concealed spots to keep their eggs safe. They often build nests in tree branches, cliff ledges, and even in the nooks and crannies of buildings.

Doves feathers are various beautiful colors.

Dove feathers come in an array of stunning colors. From shades of white and gray to hues of brown and even iridescent greens, their plumage displays remarkable diversity and beauty.

Doves are known for their graceful flight.

Watching doves in flight is a sight to behold. They glide effortlessly through the air with smooth and graceful movements, showcasing their inherent elegance and poise.

There you have it – twenty fascinating facts about doves! These enchanting birds continue to captivate us with their symbolism, natural abilities, and aesthetic beauty. Whether seen in the wild or kept as pets, doves hold a special place in the hearts and minds of people worldwide. So, next time you spot a dove, take a moment to appreciate the wonder and magic they bring to our lives.


In conclusion, doves are fascinating creatures with a rich history and symbolic significance across cultures. They are known for their gentle nature, beautiful plumage, and soothing cooing sound. Doves are highly adaptable birds that can thrive in various habitats, from urban environments to rural areas. They mate for life and display remarkable loyalty towards their partners. Doves also play an important ecological role by dispersing seeds and helping to regenerate forests.

With their peaceful demeanor and graceful flight, doves have captivated humans for centuries. Whether admired for their symbolism of love, peace, and innocence or appreciated for their beauty and grace, doves are truly an enchanting animal species.


1. How long do doves live?

Doves have an average lifespan of 5 to 15 years, depending on the species and environmental conditions.

2. Do doves migrate?

Most species of doves are non-migratory and tend to stay in their home range throughout the year, although some species may undertake short-distance migrations.

3. What do doves eat?

Doves primarily feed on seeds, grains, fruits, and insects. They have a grain-based diet, and you can attract them to your garden with bird feeders containing birdseed or grains.

4. How do doves communicate?

Doves communicate through a combination of soft cooing sounds and various body postures. They also use wing clapping as a courtship display.

5. Are doves and pigeons the same?

Doves and pigeons are closely related and belong to the same family, Columbidae. The key difference is that doves are smaller in size and typically have a slender build compared to their pigeon counterparts.

6. Can doves be kept as pets?

Yes, doves can be kept as pets. They are relatively easy to care for, have calm personalities, and can form strong bonds with their human caretakers.

7. Are doves monogamous?

Yes, doves are known for their monogamous nature and often mate for life. They form strong pair bonds and cooperate in raising their offspring.

8. Do doves have any symbolic meaning?

Yes, doves are commonly associated with peace, love, and purity across various cultures and religions. They are often used as symbols of hope and harmony.

9. How do doves build their nests?

Doves build simple nests made of twigs, grass, and leaves. The male typically collects the materials while the female constructs the nest. They prefer to build their nests in trees or on ledges.

10. Are all doves white?

No, not all doves are white. While the classic image of a dove is white, there are other species of doves that come in various colors and patterns, including shades of gray, brown, and even pink.