Diann Scribner

Diann Scribner

Published: 13 Sep 2023

Source: Budapesttimes.hu

When it comes to world leaders, few have had the lasting impact and influence of Nursultan Nazarbayev. Serving as the President of Kazakhstan for nearly three decades, Nazarbayev left an indelible mark on the country’s history and development. From transforming Kazakhstan into a global player to implementing bold policies and promoting economic growth, his leadership is truly astonishing.

In this article, we will delve into 19 astonishing facts about Nursultan Nazarbayev and explore the monumental achievements that shaped his legacy. From his early life and rise to power to his contributions in various fields, this article aims to provide a comprehensive glimpse into the remarkable life of this influential leader.

Table of Contents

Nursultan Nazarbayev served as the President of Kazakhstan for nearly three decades.

From 1991 until his resignation in 2019, Nursultan Nazarbayev held the highest office in Kazakhstan, making him one of the longest-serving leaders in the world.

He played a crucial role in the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Nursultan Nazarbayev was instrumental in negotiating the independence of Kazakhstan from the Soviet Union, ensuring a peaceful transition and the birth of a new nation.

Nursultan Nazarbayev is known as the “Leader of the Nation.”

In 2010, Nursultan Nazarbayev was granted the title of “Leader of the Nation” by the Kazakh people, recognizing his significant contributions to the development and prosperity of Kazakhstan.

He implemented economic reforms that propelled Kazakhstan’s growth.

Nursultan Nazarbayev’s economic policies focused on attracting foreign investment, diversifying the economy, and promoting innovation, leading to substantial economic growth and development in Kazakhstan.

Nursultan Nazarbayev initiated the establishment of Astana as the capital of Kazakhstan.

In 1997, Nursultan Nazarbayev moved the capital of Kazakhstan from Almaty to Astana, which has transformed into a modern and vibrant city with futuristic architecture.

He championed Kazakhstan’s nuclear disarmament efforts.

Nursultan Nazarbayev made significant strides in nuclear non-proliferation by voluntarily giving up Kazakhstan’s nuclear arsenal, making it the first country in history to do so.

Nursultan Nazarbayev launched the Bolashak Scholarship Program.

The Bolashak Scholarship Program, introduced by Nursultan Nazarbayev in 1993, has provided thousands of Kazakhstan’s brightest minds with the opportunity to study abroad, contributing to the country’s human capital development.

He initiated the Eurasian Union.

Nursultan Nazarbayev played a crucial role in establishing the Eurasian Union, an economic and political bloc that includes several former Soviet states.

Nursultan Nazarbayev led Kazakhstan’s successful bid for the hosting rights of Expo 2017.

Under his leadership, Kazakhstan won the bid to host Expo 2017 in Astana. The event showcased sustainable energy solutions and brought international attention to the country.

He was a proponent of interfaith dialogue and religious tolerance.

Nursultan Nazarbayev emphasized the importance of religious harmony and created an environment that fosters mutual respect and understanding among different religious communities in Kazakhstan.

Nursultan Nazarbayev played a key role in the development of the Kazakh language.

He actively promoted the usage and development of the Kazakh language, aiming to preserve and promote Kazakhstan’s cultural heritage.

He focused on improving healthcare and social welfare systems in Kazakhstan.

Nursultan Nazarbayev implemented reforms to enhance healthcare accessibility and quality, as well as to strengthen social welfare programs, ensuring the well-being of the Kazakh population.

Nursultan Nazarbayev initiated the construction of the Nazarbayev University.

He founded the Nazarbayev University, a leading educational institution in Kazakhstan, with the goal of providing world-class education and fostering innovation and research.

He received numerous international awards and honors.

Nursultan Nazarbayev has been recognized with prestigious awards and accolades from various countries and organizations for his contributions to peace, diplomacy, and economic development.

Nursultan Nazarbayev established the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan.

The Assembly of People of Kazakhstan, initiated by Nursultan Nazarbayev, serves as a platform for promoting interethnic and intercultural harmony, fostering national unity in a diverse society.

He played a vital role in the development of Kazakhstan’s energy sector.

Nursultan Nazarbayev’s policies attracted substantial investments in Kazakhstan’s energy industry, leading to the growth and modernization of the sector.

Nursultan Nazarbayev is an influential advocate for global nuclear disarmament.

He actively promotes the reduction and elimination of nuclear weapons worldwide, emphasizing the importance of nuclear security and non-proliferation.

He actively participated in international organizations and initiatives.

Nursultan Nazarbayev’s leadership extended beyond Kazakhstan, as he actively engaged in various international forums, promoting cooperation and dialogue on global issues.

Nursultan Nazarbayev’s legacy continues to shape Kazakhstan.

Even after resigning as President, Nursultan Nazarbayev’s influence and vision continue to guide the development of Kazakhstan, leaving a lasting legacy for future generations.

These 19 astonishing facts about Nursultan Nazarbayev provide a glimpse into the remarkable life and achievements of a statesman who has dedicated himself to the progress and prosperity of Kazakhstan and beyond.


As we’ve explored the remarkable life and career of Nursultan Nazarbayev, it’s clear that he is a figure of great significance in the history of Kazakhstan and on the global stage. From his early years as a young economist to his three decades as the President of Kazakhstan, Nazarbayev has left an indelible mark on his country’s development and political landscape.

His numerous accomplishments, including the modernization of Kazakhstan’s economy, the establishment of Astana as the new capital city, and his contributions to the international nuclear disarmament efforts, have earned him both admiration and respect.

With his retirement from the presidency in 2019, Nazarbayev’s legacy continues to shape the future of Kazakhstan. His leadership and vision have set a strong foundation for his successors to build upon, and his influence will be felt for years to come.


1. Who is Nursultan Nazarbayev?

Nursultan Nazarbayev is a prominent politician and statesman who served as the President of Kazakhstan for nearly three decades. He played a crucial role in the country’s transition to independence and oversaw its economic and political development.

2. What are some of Nursultan Nazarbayev’s achievements?

Nazarbayev’s achievements include the modernization of Kazakhstan’s economy, the establishment of Astana as the capital city, and his contributions to international nuclear disarmament efforts. He also played a significant role in fostering diplomatic relationships with other countries.

3. What is the significance of Nursultan Nazarbayev in Kazakhstan’s history?

Nursultan Nazarbayev is considered a key figure in Kazakhstan’s history. He led the country through a period of economic and political transformation, overseeing its transition to independence and laying the foundation for its future development.

4. When did Nursultan Nazarbayev retire from the presidency?

Nursultan Nazarbayev retired from the presidency in March 2019 after almost thirty years in office. However, he continues to hold significant influence in Kazakhstan as the Chairman of the Security Council and the leader of the ruling political party.

5. What is Nursultan Nazarbayev’s legacy?

Nazarbayev’s legacy is significant and wide-ranging. He is admired for his leadership, vision, and dedication to the development of Kazakhstan. His policies have laid the groundwork for a prosperous and modernized country, and his influence continues to shape the country’s political landscape.