Tedi Cerna

Tedi Cerna

Modified & Updated: 08 Sep 2023

Source: Scmp.com

Greenland, the world’s largest island located in the Arctic region, is a fascinating and enchanting place filled with stunning natural landscapes, unique wildlife, and a rich cultural heritage. With its vast ice sheets, towering glaciers, and majestic fjords, Greenland offers an awe-inspiring experience for adventurous travelers and nature enthusiasts alike.

In this article, we will dive into 16 fascinating facts about Greenland, shedding light on its remarkable history, breathtaking geography, and intriguing features that make it a truly extraordinary destination. From its incredible icebergs to its vibrant indigenous culture, Greenland is a treasure trove of wonders waiting to be explored.

Table of Contents

Greenland is the world’s largest island.

Greenland, with an area of over 2.1 million square kilometers, is considered the largest island on Earth. It is located between the Arctic and Atlantic Oceans and is part of the Kingdom of Denmark.

The majority of Greenland is covered by ice.

Approximately 80% of Greenland is covered by an ice sheet, making it the second-largest ice body in the world after Antarctica. The ice sheet holds a massive amount of fresh water and plays a significant role in regulating global climate patterns.

Greenland has a population of around 56,000 people.

Despite its large size, Greenland has a relatively small population. Most of the population resides along the coast, with the capital city of Nuuk being the largest settlement.

The official language of Greenland is Greenlandic.

Greenlandic, also known as Kalaallisut, is the official language of Greenland. Danish is also widely spoken, as Greenland is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark.

Greenland is home to the Inuit people.

The majority of the population in Greenland identifies as Inuit, the indigenous people of the Arctic regions. They have a rich cultural heritage and rely on fishing, hunting, and gathering for their livelihoods.

The Northern Lights can be seen in Greenland.

Greenland offers spectacular views of the Northern Lights, also known as the Aurora Borealis. The dark winter nights provide excellent opportunities for witnessing this natural phenomenon.

Greenland has its own flag.

The flag of Greenland, known as Erfalasorput, features a white disk with a red cross representing the country’s connection to Denmark. The disk is offset towards the hoist side to represent the position of Greenland in relation to the rest of the world.

Dog sledding is a popular mode of transportation in Greenland.

Given its rugged terrain and icy conditions, dog sledding has been a traditional means of transportation in Greenland for centuries. It is still widely practiced today and is a popular tourist activity as well.

Greenland has its own national holiday.

Greenland celebrates its National Day, known as Greenland’s National Holiday, on June 21st. It marks the longest day of the year and signifies the importance of the midnight sun in Greenlandic culture.

The Greenlandic cuisine consists of traditional Inuit dishes.

The traditional cuisine of Greenland incorporates ingredients such as seal, whale, fish, and seabirds. These dishes have been a part of Inuit culture for centuries and reflect the region’s reliance on local resources.

Greenland is home to stunning fjords and glaciers.

Greenland’s landscape is characterized by breathtaking fjords and glaciers that attract adventurers and nature enthusiasts from around the world. These dramatic formations offer a glimpse into the country’s geological history.

The Greenlandic language has its own alphabet.

Greenlandic has its own unique alphabet consisting of 18 letters. The alphabet was developed specifically to accommodate the sounds and phonetics of the Greenlandic language.

Greenland has a diverse range of wildlife.

Greenland is home to various species of animals, including polar bears, reindeer, Arctic foxes, and numerous bird species. The pristine and untouched environment provides a sanctuary for these creatures.

The Greenland ice sheet is melting at an alarming rate.

Due to the effects of climate change, the Greenland ice sheet is experiencing significant melting. This has implications for rising sea levels and the global climate system.

Greenland has a unique music scene.

Greenlandic music, known as “kalaallisut musik,” combines traditional Inuit throat singing with modern influences. It is a vibrant and distinct music genre that reflects the rich cultural heritage of Greenland.

Greenland is a popular destination for adventure tourism.

With its breathtaking landscapes, unique wildlife, and exhilarating outdoor activities like hiking, kayaking, and glacier exploration, Greenland has become a sought-after destination for adventure travelers looking for a one-of-a-kind experience.


Greenland is a fascinating country with a rich cultural and natural heritage. From its stunning landscapes to its unique wildlife, Greenland offers a truly unforgettable experience for travelers. Whether you’re interested in exploring the ice-covered landscapes, learning about the indigenous Inuit culture, or witnessing the breathtaking Northern Lights, Greenland has something for everyone. With its vast size and remote location, Greenland is a destination that truly allows you to disconnect from the hustle and bustle of everyday life and immerse yourself in the wonders of nature. So why wait? Start planning your adventure to Greenland today and discover the beauty and charm of this extraordinary country.


1. How big is Greenland?

Greenland is the world’s largest island, covering an area of approximately 2.16 million square kilometers.

2. What is the population of Greenland?

The population of Greenland is around 56,000 people.

3. What is the climate like in Greenland?

Greenland has a polar climate, with long, cold winters and short, cool summers. Temperatures can reach as low as -50 degrees Celsius in some areas.

4. What are the main attractions in Greenland?

Some of the main attractions in Greenland include the Greenland Ice Sheet, Ilulissat Icefjord, Nuuk, the capital city, and the Northern Lights.

5. Do I need a visa to visit Greenland?

If you are a citizen of the European Union or the United States, you do not need a visa to visit Greenland. However, if you are from another country, it is recommended to check with the relevant authorities.