Modified & Updated: 09 Sep 2023


With its immense size, non-stop operation, and widespread impact on the global economy, the foreign exchange market, also known as Forex or FX, truly stands out. Whether you’re a seasoned trader or just starting, learning about Forex can be an exciting journey. Let’s delve into 18 Forex facts that will expand your knowledge and perhaps even amaze you!

Table of Contents

Largest Financial Market

Forex is the largest and most liquid financial market globally, with a daily trading volume surpassing $6.6 trillion.

24/5 Trading

Forex markets are open 24 hours a day, five days a week. This non-stop operation caters to different time zones across major financial centers, from Sydney and Tokyo to London and New York.

Dominance of the USD

The US dollar is the most traded currency, involved in nearly 88% of all Forex transactions.

No Central Exchange

Unlike stock markets, Forex operates via a decentralized market, meaning all transactions occur over the counter (OTC), facilitated through a global network of banks and financial institutions.

Forex and the Gold Standard

Forex markets as we know them today began to evolve during the 1970s after the Bretton Woods system was abandoned and currencies were allowed to float freely.

The ‘Majors’

The most traded currency pairs, known as the ‘Majors’, include EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD, AUD/USD, USD/CHF, NZD/USD, and USD/CAD. These pairs constitute the majority of Forex trading.

paper cash Euros and US dollars
Image from Adobe Stock

Forex and Interest Rates

Interest rates set by central banks like the Federal Reserve (US), European Central Bank (EU), and Bank of England (UK) significantly impact Forex markets. Changes in these rates can trigger substantial currency movements.

Speculation Drives the Market

Approximately 90% of all Forex trading is speculative. Traders aim to profit from changes in currency values rather than convert currency for international trade.

Impact of News and Economic Indicators

Key economic indicators such as GDP, employment data, and inflation reports can cause significant fluctuations in Forex markets. Similarly, geopolitical news and events can have a substantial impact.

High Leverage

Forex trading offers high leverage levels, often up to 100:1. This means traders can control large positions with a small amount of capital. However, while leverage can amplify profits, it can also increase losses.

Automated Trading

Algorithmic trading or ‘algo trading’ is common in Forex. Traders use automated systems to execute trades based on predefined criteria, eliminating the need for manual execution.

Forex Scams

Unfortunately, due to the lack of centralized regulation, Forex markets have been associated with fraudulent activities. Aspiring traders should exercise caution and trade only with reputable brokers.

forex trading graph
Image from Adobe Stock

Carry Trading

Carry trading is a popular Forex strategy where traders borrow a low-interest-rate currency to fund the purchase of a high-interest-rate currency, hoping to profit from the interest rate differential.

Forex and Cryptocurrencies

Some Forex brokers now offer trading in cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Litecoin. These digital currencies can be traded against traditional currencies like the US dollar.

Retail Traders

Retail traders—individuals trading on their own account—make up a small portion of the Forex market compared to financial institutions, but their influence is growing.

Importance of a Trading Plan

Successful Forex trading requires a sound trading plan, incorporating strategies for risk management, such as setting stop-loss and take-profit levels.

Volatility is Double-Edged

Forex markets are known for their volatility. While this can provide ample trading opportunities, it also increases risk.

Continuous Learning

In the fast-paced world of Forex, continuous learning is key. Whether it’s staying updated on economic news or mastering new strategies, ongoing education can give traders an edge.

Final Word

Whether you’re just dipping your toes in the vast ocean of Forex or are a seasoned trader seeking to refine your strategies, these 18 Forex facts can add depth to your understanding. In this dynamic, ever-evolving market, knowledge is power. So, let’s keep exploring, keep learning, and keep mastering the world of Forex!